|Opis:||The doctoral dissertation is divided into three main parts, namely the theoretical part, the empirical part and the final part. In the theoretical part, we have analyzed the existing literature and previous research in order to present the subject area. We described all the concepts studied, namely work-family balance and all three levels that influence the balance (individual, organization and state), life and job satisfaction and work engagement. In the second, empirical part, we developed six hypotheses and a basic model on the basis of the literature research. A survey of employees in Slovenian companies was conducted in order to create a comprehensive model that would explain the influence of factors at all three levels (individual, organization, state) on the work-family balance and the relationship with work engagement. The research was conducted in the form of a case study. A quota sample was formed according to the size of the company, and due to the large number of companies, we eliminated micro-enterprises. Thus we included half a percent of all enterprises in Slovenia, i.e. 2 large, 10 medium-sized and 38 small enterprises, with large and medium-sized enterprises being limited to manufacturing enterprises. All employees of these companies were included in the survey, of which 343 employees completed the questionnaire. Following the survey, we used the SEM methodology and other statistical analyzes to verify the links between the concepts examined in our model. In the third part of the thesis, as a result of the research and data analysis, the final model of the effects of work-family balance on employee engagement and the interpretation of the results will be developed.
The results of the study show that work-family balance is significantly influenced by factors at the level of the individual (personality, partner support and children), the organization (complexity of work, leadership and support of employees, family-friendly policies and practices) and the state (satisfaction with maternity and paternity leave and the perception of state support by the individual). We have also found that work-family balance has a significant impact on individual job satisfaction and even more on life satisfaction. Job and life satisfaction are positively correlated. We also found that the compatibility of work and family has a positive effect on the work engagement, which was the main thesis of our dissertation. Work commitment is also positively influenced by the way individuals perceive the organization's support in work-family balance. Furthermore, the job engagement of the individual is also positively influenced by job satisfaction and life satisfaction. By analyzing the previous literature and the results of our own research, we have shown significant correlations between all the concepts studied. The added value of the dissertation, in addition to the model created, is the conclusion, which offers both opportunities for further research and practical benefits for companies.
The resulting final model is a comprehensive and expanded model that integrates four important concepts: work- family balance, job and life satisfaction and work engagement. The scientific added value of a dissertation consists in an interdisciplinary study approach that covers both the HRM and the psychological aspects of the problem study. Therefore, the most important scientific contribution is a comprehensive model that includes all segments and fills the gap in the scientific literature not only in Slovenia but also in the world. The results of the doctoral thesis are also of practical value, as the model provides organizations with insights into how operational measures that help employees to reconcile work and family life while taking into account the needs and wishes of the employees can help to increase employee engagement in the workplace and achieve the goal that all companies strive for - higher profits and greater competitiveness on the mar|