|Opis:||Hantaviruses are present worldwide. In Europe and Asia they are the cause of the hantavirus haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), while in North and South America they cause the hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). These illnesses are transmitted by rodents such as mice, rats and voles. Both adults and children who come into contact with an infected rodent may get infected. The purpose of the thesis is to present the level of awareness among people about the haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and its prevention.
In the empirical part, the quantitative method was used, specifically a questionnaire. Randomly selected people from Maribor and its surroundings participated in the study. The gathered data was examined and analysed.
In the study conducted, it was found that the respondents were familiar with the illness or had already heard of it, and that they were aware of the most common symptoms such as headache, fever, chills, vomiting and nausea. Furthermore, the respondents identified several risk factors for infection and disease prevention measures, as well as pointed out that the inhalation of faeces, tidying up the cellar, garage or barn, working on the meadows and getting bitten by a rodent were among the risk factors for infection. Apart from that, they are familiar with the prevention measures, as they would use protective equipment such as a mask and gloves when cleaning the premises. The respondents also knew that food must be stored in such a way as to prevent rodents access and that rodent control was an efficient prevention measure.
Based on the study results and the reviewed literature, it was found that young men, and rarely children, are more likely to get infected. The infection can occur by inhaling the faeces of rodents, or by coming into contact not only with the urine and faeces but also the nest of the rodents, and then touching our eyes, mouth and/or nose with our dirty hands. The disease can be prevented by following the instructions and implementing the prevention measures for haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. Here, nurses play an important role as using health education principles they help raise the awareness about the haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and its prevention measures. It would be reasonable to conduct more extensive research on the awareness about the haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, its prevention and the effectiveness of the prevention measures, as well as the effectiveness of the methods used to inform the people thereof.|