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Title:Kakovost življenja otrok in mladostnikov z atopijskim dermatitisom
Authors:ID Puhan, Julija (Author)
ID Dobnik, Mojca (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Puhan_Julija_2023.pdf (1018,77 KB)
MD5: 223E8FADDB9A31A33EE79591BEB13C5E
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Atopijski dermatitis je pogosta, nenalezljiva, kronična vnetna kožna bolezen, ki se v večini primerov začne v otroštvu in lahko vztraja tudi v odraslosti. Bolezen povezujemo s suho, srbečo in z razdražljivo kožo, zanjo so značilna obdobja izboljšanj ter poslabšanj. Namen zaključnega dela je raziskati in predstaviti kakovost življenja otrok in mladostnikov z atopijskim dermatitisom. Metode: Za izdelavo zaključnega dela smo izvedli sistematični pregled znanstvene in strokovne literature z izbranega področja. Uporabili smo deskriptivno metodo dela. S pomočjo iskalnega niza smo v podatkovnih bazah PubMed, Cinahl, Medline in Cochrane Library poiskali ustrezne članke ter jih vključili v zaključno delo. Rezultati: Za končno analizo smo izbrali enajst ustreznih člankov, ki smo jih podrobneje analizirali. Na osnovi izbranih raziskav smo ugotovili, da je kakovost življenja otrok in mladostnikov z atopijskim dermatitisom okrnjena. Bolezen je za bolnika predvsem psihično zelo obremenjujoča, saj povzroča duševne težave, kot so tesnoba, depresija, družbena izolacija in stigmatizacija. Bolniki se soočajo z motnjami spanja, omejeno telesno aktivnostjo in s splošnim nezadovoljstvom. Pogosto bolezen vpliva tudi na socialne stike in družinsko življenje ter povzroča finančno obremenitev za bolnika. Razprava in zaključek: Za izboljšanje kakovosti življenja je pomembno, da se oboleli izogibajo sprožilnim dejavnikom bolezni in upoštevajo ustrezno preventivo za izboljšanje stanja. Ključno je tudi, da je širša javnost seznanjena z boleznijo in njenimi simptomi. Prav tako je izjemnega pomena, da zdravstveni delavci z izobraževanjem in s psihično podporo pomagajo pacientom izboljšati kakovost življenja.
Keywords:atopijski dermatitis, kakovost življenja, otroci, mladostniki
Place of publishing:Maribor
Publisher:[J. Puhan]
Year of publishing:2023
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-83860 New window
UDC:616.5-002-053.2(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:152293379 New window
Publication date in DKUM:18.05.2023
Views:515
Downloads:116
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:27.02.2023

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Quality of life in children and adolescents with atopic dermatitis
Abstract:Introduction: Atopic dermatitis is a common non-infectious, chronic, inflammatory skin disease that in most cases begins in childhood and can persist into adulthood. The disease is associated with dry, itchy and irritable skin, which is characterized by periods of improvement and deterioration. The purpose of the final work is to investigate and present the quality of life of children and adolescents with atopic dermatitis. Methods: To prepare the final work, we conducted a systematic review of scientific and professional literature from the selected field. We used descriptive method of work. With the help of a search string, we searched for relevant articles in the PubMed, Cinahl, Medline and Cochrane Library databases and included them in the final work. Results: For the final analysis, we selected 11 relevant articles, which we analyzed in more detail. Based on selected research, we found that the quality of life of children and adolescents with atopic dermatitis is impaired. The disease is especially psychologically burdensome for the patient, as it causes mental problems such as anxiety, depression, social isolation and stigmatization. Patients face sleep disturbances, limited physical activity and general dissatisfaction. It also often affects social contacts, family life and causes a financial burden for the patient. Discussion and conclusion: In order to improve the quality of life, it's important for patients to avoid the triggering factors of the disease and to take appropriate preventive measures to improve the condition. It's also crucial that the general public is aware of the disease and its symptoms. It's also of utmost importance that healthcare professionals help patients improve their quality of life through education and psychological support.
Keywords:atopic dermatitis, quality of life, children, adolescents


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