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Title:Odklopna naprava, potrošniška goljufija in namerno ogrožanje okolja v zadevi Dieselgate
Authors:Hočevar, Gregor (Author)
Eman, Katja (Author)
Files:.pdf 02_Hocevar_Eman_rV_2017-3.pdf (333,16 KB)
MD5: 7AF290CBEAFEA9D333B5B2C9A98D20BB
 
URL https://www.fvv.um.si/rv/arhiv/2017-3/02_Hocevar_Eman_rV_2017-3.html
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Scientific work (r2)
Typology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Namen prispevka: Manipulacija s programsko opremo ali izdelki samimi je postala v 21. stoletju neizbežno dejstvo, ki se mu človek skorajda ne more izogniti. Namerna zastarelost izdelkov ali delovanje le-teh v nasprotju z obljubljenim pri prodaji ni več nobena skrivnost, v podjetjih se s tem ukvarjajo celotni razvojni oddelki, o čemer priča tudi afera Dieselgate. Namen prispevka je analizirati in predstaviti primer Dieselgate, v katerega je vpleten Volkswagen, ter njegove posledice, nastale zaradi manipulacije s programsko opremo, predvsem z vidika zavajanja potrošnikov in ogrožanja okolja. Metode: Avtorja z uporabo deskriptivne analize primarnih in sekundarnih virov ter s primerjalno analizo predstavita primer Dieselgate in ravnanje podjetja Volkswagen z vidika potrošniške goljufije, izpostavita oblike oškodovanja potrošnikov ter pri tem z vidika kritične ekološke kriminologije izpostavita izrabo okolja oziroma okolju prijaznega tržnega marketinga za doseganje dobička, na škodo le-tega. Ugotovitve: Razkritje, da je Volkswagen kar šest let vgrajeval prepovedano programsko opremo v svoje dizelske avtomobile, je močno presenetilo javnost. Skoraj 11 milijonov avtomobilov po vsem svetu vsebuje prepovedano odklopno napravo, ki povzroči, da avtomobili v realnih pogojih izpuščajo tudi do 40-krat več škodljivih izpustov. Dušikov oksid, glavni produkt dizelskih avtomobilov je zelo nevaren onesnaževalec, ki lahko povzroči mnoge zdravstvene težave, velik vpliv pa ima tudi na okolje. Ugotovitve analize so pokazale, da je šlo za namerno zavajanje potrošnikov, kršitve okoljevarstvene zakonodaje in izrabo prodaje ‘okolju prijaznega avtomobila‘ kot strategijo za pridobivanje dobička. Izvirnost/pomembnost prispevka: Izvirnost prispevka se kaže v tem, da analizira primer Dieselgate z varstvoslovnega vidika in opozori na ogrožanje varnosti in zdravja posameznikov ter poskusi predlagati oblike preprečevanja le-tega.
Keywords:potrošniške goljufije, ogrožanje okolja, Dieselgate, Volkswagen
Year of publishing:2017
Number of pages:str. 215-233
Numbering:št. 3, Letn. 19
UDC:343.3/.7:504
ISSN on article:1580-0253
COBISS_ID:3420650 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:ZMBAYJQL
Views:271
Downloads:18
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Varstvoslovje
Shortened title:Varstvoslovje
Publisher:Ministrstvo za notranje zadeve Republike Slovenije, Visoka policijsko-varnostna šola, Ministrstvo za notranje zadeve Republike Slovenije, Visoka policijsko-varnostna šola, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za policijsko-varnostne vede, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za varnostne vede
ISSN:1580-0253
COBISS.SI-ID:99492352 New window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:15.04.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Defeat Device, Consumer Fraud and Intentional Environmental Harm in the Dieselgate Case
Abstract:Purpose: Software and products manipulation have become an inevitable fact in 21st century and one can hardly avoid it. Intentional obsolescence of products or the performance that is contrary to what was promised in a sale are no secret and companies have whole development departments dealing with that, as witnessed in the Dieselgate case. The purpose of this paper is to analyse and present the Dieselgate case, which involves Volkswagen, and its consequences, caused by software manipulation, in particular from the viewpoint of consumer misconduct and environmental threats. Methods: Using the descriptive analysis of primary and secondary sources and the comparative analysis, the authors present the example of Dieselgate and the behaviour of Volkswagen from the point of view of consumer fraud, point out forms of consumer damage, and, from the point of view of critical green criminology, point out the misuse of environment or environment-friendly marketing to achieve profit, to the detriment of environment. Findings: Disclosure that Volkswagen was equipping its diesel vehicles with forbidden defeat devices for six years, caught everyone by surprise. Almost 11 million cars worldwide contain prohibited device, which causes the cars to emit up to 40 times more emissions in real conditions. Nitric oxide, the main product of diesel cars is very dangerous pollutant that can cause many health problems and it also has huge impact on the environment. The findings of the analysis showed that it was deliberate misleading of consumers, violation of environmental legislation and the use of the sale of an ‘environment-friendly car’ as a strategy for profit. Originality: The originality of the article is reflected in the fact that it analyses Dieselgate case from the criminal justice and security perspective, warns about the threats to the safety and health of individuals and attempts to propose ways of preventing those threats.
Keywords:Dieselgate, Volkswagen, consumer fraud, environmental harm


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  1. Varstvoslovje

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