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Title:Gospodarska kriminaliteta v Sloveniji od leta 2008 do 2018 : diplomsko delo visokošolskega študijskega programa Informacijska varnost
Authors:Lampreht, Bojan (Author)
Eman, Katja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Lampreht_Bojan_2019.pdf (786,47 KB)
MD5: 3FAE70F97B94DF797E6E690793E15E4C
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Pri gospodarski kriminaliteti je posredno oziroma neposredno povzročeno največ škode državi in gospodarskim subjektom kot so banke, podjetja in ostalim deležnikom, ki soustvarjajo kapital. Od pojava globalizacije dalje se gospodarska kriminaliteta zelo hitro razvija. Zaradi njene pojavne oblike, ki je zakrita v svoje vsakdanje delovanje, pa jo je zelo težko odkriti. Vse bolj se kriminaliteta pojavlja in razvija preko tehnologije in računalnikov oziroma spleta. Poseben poudarek ima spletno poslovanje. Za uspešno odkrivanje in spopadanjem s to kriminaliteto je potreben dober sistem, organizacija in znanje državnih organov in institucij, ki se spopadajo z gospodarsko kriminaliteto. Da do nje pride obstaja kar nekaj razlogov in sicer: težnja po več oziroma pohlep ali pa zgolj izraba položaja v organizaciji in neurejen nadzor nad delom posameznikov. Kar pa se po navadi pokaže šele pri menjavi vodstvenega kadra. To še posebej velja za banke, saj ne želijo priznati krivde, dokler se vodilni kader ne zamenja in takrat odkrijejo napake oziroma goljufije. Ker se zadnja leta v Sloveniji gospodarska kriminaliteta vse bolj pojavlja, se je v zadnji letih ustanovilo kar nekaj posebno specializiranih skupin za odkrivanje in preprečevanje gospodarske kriminalitete. Med njih spadata Nacionalni preiskovalni urad (NPU) in Specializirano državno tožilstvo, ki je pristojno za pregon hujših kaznivih dejanj gospodarske kriminalitete. Policija se vse bolj usmerja na področje preprečevanja, odkrivanja in preiskovanja kriminalitete, pri čemer je posebna pozornost namenjena sodelovanju z mednarodnimi in regionalnimi organizacijami pri odkrivanju gospodarske kriminalitete. Policija je skozi leta zaposlila dodatne strokovnjake na področju gospodarske kriminalitete. Od leta 2014 je policija še posebno pozorna na delovanje bančnega sektorja in finančnih preiskav, katero število se od 2010 vse bolj povečuje. Policija je za eno izmed rešitev z banko podpisala sporazum o sodelovanju. Sistemske izboljšave pri obravnavanju premoženjske koristi, so prispevale k večji uspešnosti odkrivanja in preiskovanja tovrstne kriminalitete.
Keywords:diplomske naloge, korupcija, pranje denarja, boj proti gospodarski kriminaliteti, pregon, forenzika
Year of publishing:2019
Year of performance:2019
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[B. Lampreht]
Number of pages:XII, 40 str.
Source:Ljubljana
UDC:343.352(043.2)
COBISS_ID:3740650 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:Y9VSOPXY
Views:312
Downloads:67
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Economic crime in Slovenia from 2008 to 2018
Abstract:When it comes to corporate crime, the most damage is caused directly or indirectly to the country or its economic subjects, for instance the banks, corporations and other participles that co-create capital. Since the beginning of globalization onwards corporate crime has developed very quickly. Because of its manifestation, which is usually hidden in its everyday activity, it is extremely difficult to detect. Corruption manifests and develops more and more through the use of technology, computers and the Internet. Online business has a special emphasis. For successful detection and combat with this kind of crime we need a good system, organization and knowledge in government authorities and institutions that combat corporate crime. The reasons for its inception are many: tendency to get more or greed or simply an exploitation of a position in an organization and unregulated control over the work of individuals. This becomes apparent only at an exchange of leading personnel. This is especially true for banks since they don’t like to acknowledge any wrongdoing until the leading personnel gets replaced and any mistakes or fraud become apparent. Because corporate fraud is on the rise in Slovenia in the past few years, several important specialized groups have been formed for uncovering and prevention of corporate fraud. Among them are Nacional investigation office (NPU) and specialized government attorney’s office that are authorized for the persecution of major infringements of corporate fraud. The police is focusing more and more on the field of prevention, detection and investigation of fraud at which special attention is focused on collaboration with international and regional organizations in finding corporate fraud. The police has hired several additional experts in the field of corporate fraud over the years. Since the year 2014 the police has become especially watchful of the workings in the banking sector and the financial investigations, the number of which has steadily increased since 2010. The police has signed a treaty of cooperation with the bank as one of the solutions. Systemic improvements in handling of asset gain have contributed to greater success of detection and investigation of this sort of crime.
Keywords:corruption, money laundering, fight against corporate fraud, prosecution, forensics


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