| | SLO | ENG | Cookies and privacy

Bigger font | Smaller font

Show document

Title:Prehranski status paliativnega bolnika
Authors:ID Flisar, Marija (Author)
ID Hlastan Ribič, Cirila (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
ID Pajnkihar, Majda (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Flisar_Marija_2018.pdf (1,50 MB)
MD5: F1DA37AF3CE9FDE5A7589E4D5050E9F0
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/7231f353-5ab8-40e2-be52-e5e6c7a498fb
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Teoretična izhodišča: Podhranjenost predstavlja vse večji problem. Opaža se v različnih starostnih skupinah. Pomanjkanje hranil in pomembnih mikroelementov vpliva na osnovne fiziološke procese in posledično privede do poslabšanja bolezenskega stanja. Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti prehransko ogroženost pri paliativnih bolnikih. Raziskovalna metodologija: V teoretičnem delu smo uporabili deskriptivni metodi dela, in sicer metodo deskripcije in metodo kompilacije. Kot raziskovalni instrument smo uporabili anonimni standardizirani anketni vprašalnik »Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)« oziroma v prevodu»Mini prehranska anamneza« (www.mna-elderly.com), ki je bil sestavljen iz dveh delov. Za vključitev v raziskavo smo prepoznali 40 paliativnih bolnikov. Iz medicinske dokumentacije smo pridobili potrebne podatke laboratorijskih preiskav za hemoglobin, kalij, natrij in holesterol, ter jih primerjali z orientacijskimi vrednostmi. Za predstavitev smo uporabili opisno statistiko. Za potrditev oziroma ovržbo postavljenih hipotez smo uporabili eksaktni binomski statistični test, ker je bil testiran manjši vzorec. Rezultati: V raziskavi smo s statistično analizo podatkov ugotovili, da je večina anketirancev, to je 54,3%, podhranjenih, 31,4% kaže tveganje podhranjenosti in 14,3% ima normalno prehranjenost. Iz analize rezultatov drugega dela anketnega vprašalnika sledi ocena prehranjenosti, ki kaže, da je večina anketirancev (63%) podhranjenih, pri 28% se kaže tveganje podhranjenosti in le pri 9% je normalna prehranjenost. Iz statistične obdelave podatkov izhaja, da znaša vrednost signifikance < 0,000 (p < 0,05). V drugem delu raziskave smo izvedli laboratorijske preiskave za hemoglobin, kalij, natrij in holesterol. S statistično analizo podatkov smo ugotovili, da povezava med prehranskim statusom in parametri laboratorijskih preiskav pri paliativnih bolnikih na področju hemoglobina, kalija, natrija in holesterola ne obstaja. Sklep:Več kot polovica paliativnih bolnikov je ob sprejemu v bolnišnico podhranjenih. Potrebna je skrb za prehrano bolnika, individualna obravnava in izvajanje prehranske podpore. Povezava med prehranskim statusom in parametri laboratorijskih preiskav ni bila dokazana. Na tem področju je še potrebno narediti dodatne raziskave.
Keywords:paliativa, paliativni bolnik, kaheksija, prehranski status, medicinska sestra
Year of publishing:2018
Publisher:[M. Flisar]
Source:Maribor
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-69969 New window
UDC:616-036.8-083(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:2405284 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:WFDW8WGN
Publication date in DKUM:04.06.2018
Views:1159
Downloads:146
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
:
  
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only for logged in users.
Share:AddThis
AddThis uses cookies that require your consent. Edit consent...

Hover the mouse pointer over a document title to show the abstract or click on the title to get all document metadata.

Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:20.03.2018

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Nutritional status of palliative patients
Abstract:Theoretical starting points: Malnutrition is an increasing problem. It is observed in different age groups. The lack of nutrients and important microelements affects the basic physiological processes and consequently leads to a worsening of the disease state. The purpose of the study was to determine the nutritional risk in palliative patients. Research methodology: In the theoretical part, we used the descriptive method of work, namely the method of description and the method of compilation. An anonymous standardized questionnaire »Mini Nutritional Assessment« (MNA), (www.mna-elderly.com), which consisted of two parts, was used as a research instrument. For inclusion in the study were identified by 40 palliative patients. From the medical documentation, we obtained the necessary data of laboratory tests for hemoglobin, potassium, sodium and cholesterol and compared them with the orientation values. Descriptive statistics were used for the presentation. In order to confirm or refute hypotheses, we used an exact binomial statistical test, because a smaller sample was tested. Results: In the study, a statistical analysis of data revealed that most respondents, that is 54.3%, are malnourished, 31.4% showed a risk of malnutrition and 14.3% had normal nutrition. The analysis of the results of the second part of the questionnaire is followed by a nutritional assessment showing that most respondents (63%) are malnourished, with 28% showing the risk of malnutrition, and only 9% have normal nutrition. statistical data processing shows that the significance value is 0,000 (p <0.05). In the second part of the study, we performed laboratory tests for hemoglobin, potassium, sodium and cholesterol. We found that there is no link between nutritional status and parameters of laboratory tests in palliative patients in the field of hemoglobin, potassium, sodium and cholesterol. Conclusion: More than half of palliative patients are malnourished when admitted to the hospital. It is therefore necessary to care for the patient's diet, the individual treatment and the provision of nutritional support. The relationship between the nutritional status and the parameters of laboratory tests has not been established. Further research needs to be done in this area.
Keywords:palliative, palliative patient, cachexia, nutritional status, nurse


Comments

Leave comment

You must log in to leave a comment.

Comments (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
There are no comments!

Back
Logos of partners University of Maribor University of Ljubljana University of Primorska University of Nova Gorica