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Title:Probabilistic sharing solves the problem of costly punishment
Authors:Chen, Xiaojie (Author)
Szolnoki, Attila (Author)
Perc, Matjaž (Author)
Files:.pdf New_Journal_of_Physics_2014_Chen,_Szolnoki,_Perc_Probabilistic_sharing_solves_the_problem_of_costly_punishment.pdf (1,52 MB)
MD5: 89A87294E70C2748A57CDDD38B3A12CA
URL http://stacks.iop.org/1367-2630/16/i=8/a=083016?key=crossref.386c85aae3cd7994fe38ee525f977410
Work type:Scientific work (r2)
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FNM - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
Abstract:Cooperators that refuse to participate in sanctioning defectors create the secondorder free-rider problem. Such cooperators will not be punished because they contribute to the public good, but they also eschew the costs associated with punishing defectors. Altruistic punishers - those that cooperate and punish - are at a disadvantage, and it is puzzling how such behaviour has evolved. We show that sharing the responsibility to sanction defectors rather than relying on certain individuals to do so permanently can solve the problem of costly punishment. Inspired by the fact that humans have strong but also emotional tendencies for fair play, we consider probabilistic sanctioning as the simplest way of distributing the duty. In well-mixed populations the public goods game is transformed into a coordination game with full cooperation and defection as the two stable equilibria, while in structured populations pattern formation supports additional counterintuitive solutions that are reminiscent of Parrondoʼs paradox.
Keywords:social dynamics, networks, punishment, public goods, econophysics
Year of publishing:2014
Number of pages:str. 1-15
Numbering:Letn. 16
ISSN on article:1367-2630
COBISS_ID:20806152 New window
DOI:10.1088/1367-2630/16/8/083016 New window
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:New Journal of Physics
Publisher:Institute of Physics Publishing, Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft
COBISS.SI-ID:21135621 New window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Project no.:J1-4055
Name:Fizika evolucijskih procesov


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:03.07.2017

Secondary language

Keywords:socialna dinamika, mreže, kazen, javne dobrine, ekonofizika


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