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Title:Južnoameriška tripanosomoza - Chagasova bolezen
Authors:Bizjak, Tina (Author)
Saletinger, Rajko (Author)
Files:URL http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-1HUNFIRR
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Typology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:UM - University of Maribor
Abstract:Minilo je stoletje, odkar je brazilski zdravnik Carlos R. J. Chagas leta 1909 opisal morfologijo in življenjski krog zajedavca Trypanosoma cruzi, ki povzroča Chagasovo bolezen. Trypanosomo cruzi najdemo predvsem v stenicah in majhnih sesalcih ter je razširjena vse od jugozahodnega dela Združenih držav Amerike do osrednje Argentine in Čila. Chagasova bolezen poteka skozi več različnih obdobij. Začetno obdobje je lahko asimptomatsko ali poteka z neznačilno sliko akutnega vročinskega stanja. Sledi latentno obdobje, ki lahko traja več desetletij ali vse življenje. Pri 10-30% okuženih bolnikov se po latentnem obdobju pojavijo znaki kronične okužbe z zapleti s strani srca in prebavnega trakta. Vse do sredine 20. stoletja so pojavljanje Chagasove bolezni povezovali s slabimi bivalnimi pogoji kmečkega prebivalstva. Preseljevanje ljudi je povzročilo, da se je Chagasova bolezen v zadnjih letih pričela vse pogosteje pojavljati tudi v mestih. Zaradi vse večjega števila popotnikov je potrebno poznavanje Chagasove bolezni tudi v našem okolju.
Keywords:Cardiomyopathies, Chagas Disease, Chagasova bolezen, diagnostika, epidemiologija, Esophageal Achalasia, Kardiomiopatije, klinična slika, Megacolon, Megakolon, Požiralnik, ahalazija, Trypanosoma cruzi, zdravljenje
Year of publishing:2011
Publisher:Medicinski razgledi
Number of pages:str. 9-16
Numbering:Letn. 50, št. 1
UDC:616.937
ISSN on article:0025-8121
COBISS_ID:3872575 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:BHZJVZGB
Views:1195
Downloads:47
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:Misc.
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Medicinski razgledi
Shortened title:Med. razgl.
Publisher:Medicinski razgledi
ISSN:0025-8121
COBISS.SI-ID:3390978 New window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:American trypanosomiasis - Chagas disease
Abstract:It has been a century since the Brazilian physician Carlos R. J. Chages first described the basic morphology and life cycle of the American trypanosome, a parasite which causes Chagas disease. Chagas disease is a zoonosis caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. Trypanosoma cruzi is found mostly in blood-sucking triatomine insects and small mammals in areas ranging from the southern and southwestern United States to central Argentina and Chile. The acute phase of the infection usually passes unnoticed because it is symptom free or exhibits only mild, nonspecific symptoms and signs. After a latent period, 10-30 % patients develop signs of chronic infection with cardiac and gastrointestinal complications. Up to the mid-20th century, the epidemiology of the disease was closely linked to the extreme poverty of the peasant population and to their housing. In recent decades, however, the migration of the people from the countryside to towns has resulted in the urbanization of this rural disease. The increasing number of international travelers urges us to be alert to Chagas disease also in non-endemic regions.


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