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Title:Social reappraisal of emotions is linked with the social presence effect in the default mode network
Authors:ID Xie, Xiyao (Author)
ID Bertram, Teresa (Author)
ID Zorjan, Saša (Author)
ID Horvat, Marina (Author)
ID Sorg, Christian (Author)
ID Mulej Bratec, Satja (Author)
Files:.pdf Xie-2023-Social_reappraisal_of_emotions_is_lin.pdf (3,54 MB)
MD5: F66A0D09D5971C5C5147A40936945F39
 
URL https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2023.1128916
 
Language:English
Work type:Scientific work
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Introduction: Social reappraisal, during which one person deliberately tries to regulate another’s emotions, is a powerful cognitive form of social emotion regulation, crucial for both daily life and psychotherapy. The neural underpinnings of social reappraisal include activity in the default mode network (DMN), but it is unclear how social processes influence the DMN and thereby social reappraisal functioning. We tested whether the mere presence of a supportive social regulator had an effect on the DMN during rest, and whether this effect in the DMN was linked with social reappraisal-related neural activations and effectiveness during negative emotions. Methods: A two-part fMRI experiment was performed, with a psychotherapist as the social regulator, involving two resting state (social, non-social) and two task-related (social reappraisal, social no-reappraisal) conditions. Results: The psychotherapist’s presence enhanced intrinsic functional connectivity of the dorsal anterior cingulate (dACC) within the anterior medial DMN, with the effect positively related to participants’ trust in psychotherapists. Secondly, the social presence-induced change in the dACC was related with (a) the social reappraisal-related activation in the bilateral dorsomedial/dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the right temporoparietal junction and (b) social reappraisal success, with the latter relationship moderated by trust in psychotherapists. Conclusion: Results demonstrate that a psychotherapist’s supportive presence can change anterior medial DMN’s intrinsic connectivity even in the absence of stimuli and that this DMN change during rest is linked with social reappraisal functioning during negative emotions. Data suggest that trust-dependent social presence effects on DMN states are relevant for social reappraisal—an idea important for daily-life and psychotherapy-related emotion regulation.
Keywords:social reappraisal, social support, social emotion regulation, social presence, default mode network, interpersonal trust, anterior cingulate
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Submitted for review:21.12.2022
Article acceptance date:03.03.2023
Publication date:23.03.2023
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
Year of publishing:2023
Number of pages:Str. 1-13
Numbering:Letn. 14
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-88361 New window
UDC:159.9
ISSN on article:1664-0640
COBISS.SI-ID:146376707 New window
DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2023.1128916 New window
Publication date in DKUM:18.04.2024
Views:288
Downloads:241
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:Misc.
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Frontiers in psychiatry
Shortened title:Front. psychiatry
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1664-0640
COBISS.SI-ID:54153314 New window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARIS - Slovenian Research and Innovation Agency
Project number:J3-2525-2020
Name:Nevronski procesi, na katerih temelji socialna regulacija čustev in bolečine

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:23.03.2023

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:socialno prevrednotenje, socialna opora, socialna regulacija čustev, socialna prisotnost, mirovno omrežje, medsebojno zaupanje, anteriorni cingulatni korteks


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