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Title:Mučenje in nezakonita trgovina s sloni : diplomsko delo univerzitetnega študijskega programa Varstvoslovje
Authors:ID Novak, Žana (Author)
ID Eman, Katja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Novak_Zana_2023.pdf (1,28 MB)
MD5: 1412B293AF8C819D8700375845CAB06C
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Diplomska naloga se ukvarja s problematiko mučenja in nezakonite trgovine s sloni. Te največje živeče kopenske živali se že stoletja soočajo z ujetništvom, kjer pogosto prihaja do mučenja, še posebej v turističnih dejavnostih na Tajskem, cirkusih in živalskih vrtovih. V procesu podreditve slonjega mladiča človekovi volji pogosto pride do omejitve gibanja, vklepanja in pretepanja, kar pa se nadaljuje tudi v njihovo odraslo življenje. V ujetništvu so zaradi svoje velikosti, družabne narave in kognitivne kompleksnosti še posebej nesrečni. Priporočljiva je vzpostavitev slonom prijaznih lokacij, kjer jih obiskovalci lahko le opazujejo in se jih ne dotikajo ter kjer sta omogočeni vedenjska in prostorska svoboda. Ključna je nekooperativnost javnosti povsod, kjer lahko prihaja do mučenja. Predstavljena je tudi nezakonita trgovina s slonovino, ki je že dolgo cenjena zaradi svoje lepote in vzdržljivosti, s katero se ukvarjajo organizirane kriminalne mreže, ki jih omogočata korupcija in pomanjkanje ustreznega kazenskega pregona. Države, v katerih je prisotno največje povpraševanje po slonovini so Kitajska, Tajska, Vietnam, Filipini in Združene države Amerike. V preteklih letih je krivolov prizadel predvsem afriško vrsto slona, vendar se situacija počasi izboljšuje, pot pa je še dolga. Pomembno je sodelovanje vseh držav, da se bo trgovina začela obravnavati kot ekološki organiziran kriminal in da bo njena vrednost začela padati. Za dosego teh ciljev bo potrebno izboljšati usklajevanje nacionalnih in obveščevalnih podatkov ter okrepiti nadzor vzdolž globalne transportne verige.
Keywords:sloni, mučenje živali, nezakonita trgovina, ekološka kriminaliteta, organizirana kriminaliteta, diplomske naloge
Place of publishing:Ljubljana
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:Ž. Novak
Year of publishing:2023
Year of performance:2023
Number of pages:VIII f., [50] str.
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-85007 New window
UDC:343.58(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:162872323 New window
Publication date in DKUM:31.08.2023
Views:242
Downloads:51
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:15.08.2023

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Cruelty and illegal trade - the case of the elephant
Abstract:The thesis focuses on the issue of cruelty and illegal trade in elephants. For centuries, these largest living land animals have faced captivity, where torture often occurs, especially in Thailand's tourist activities, circuses and zoos. In the process of subordinating an elephant calf to human will, there is often restriction of movement, binding and beating, which continues into their adult life. In captivity, they are particularly unhappy due to their size, social nature and cognitive complexity. It is recommended to establish elephant-friendly locations where visitors can only observe them, not touch them, and where behavioral and spatial freedom are enabled. The key is the non-cooperation of the public wherever cruelty may occur. It also features the illegal trade in ivory, long prized for its beauty and durability, carried out by organized crime networks enabled by corruption and a lack of adequate law enforcement. The countries with the highest demand for ivory are China, Thailand, Vietnam, the Philippines and the United States of America. Over the years, poaching has mainly affected the African species of elephant, but the situation is slowly improving though there is still a long way to go. It is important that all the countries work together, so that ivory starts to be regarded as an ecological organized crime and its value begins to decrease. In order to achieve these goals, it will be necessary to improve the coordination of national and intelligence data, and to reinforce the diligence along global transport chain.
Keywords:elephants, animal cruelty, illegal trade, ecological crime, organized crime


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