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Title:Pravna problematika večkratne odsvojitve iste nepremičnine s pregledom sodne prakse : magistrsko delo
Authors:ID Čopar, Ana (Author)
ID Vrenčur, Renato (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Copar_Ana_2023.pdf (1,08 MB)
MD5: 29C6AE0BDCD58E4C20A0FACB34DDCC7A
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Magistrsko delo je rezultat preučevanja problema večkratne prodaje nepremičnine. Ta problem sem preučevala s pomočjo zakonov in njihovih komentarjev, sodne prakse ter s študiranjem različnih publikacij in drugih bibliografskih virov. V delu je kompleksno predstavljen temeljni problem in z njim tesno povezane teme, katerih razumevanje je prav tako pomembno, če želimo razumeti bistvo problema. Če v grobem povem, katere teme so v tesni povezavi in sem jih obravnavala: zemljiškoknjižno pravo, zemljiška knjiga, zemljiškoknjižni postopek, temeljna načela zemljiškoknjižnega prava, prenos lastninske pravice na nepremičnini, kateri pogoji morajo biti izpolnjeni za veljaven prenos, večkratna prodaja nepremičnine, vloga dobre vere pri tem, institut izbrisne tožbe in kaj je prinesla novela ZZK-1C, ob vseh vidikih obravnavanja pa sem navedla tudi relevantno sodno prakso. Temeljno vodilo v stvarnem pravu je še danes ulpijanovo načelo, nemo plus iuris ad alium transferre potest quam ipse habet, ki pomeni, da nihče ne more na drugega prenesti več pravic, kot jih ima sam. Kolikor je to vodilo ključno, pa je izjemoma treba od njega odstopiti. Na nepremičninskem področju se odstop od tega načela opredeljuje kot načelo zaupanja v zemljiško knjigo. Publikacija zemljiške knjige je z leti in z razvojem pravnega prometa pridobivala pomen. Danes so na publikacijo v zemljiško knjigo vezani posebni pravni učinki. To sta predvsem pridobivanje pravic na nepremičninah in zaščita zaupanja v pravni promet. Ob tem se pojavlja problem, na katerega so ureditve in praksa morale dati rešitev. Kaj se zgodi v primeru pridobitve pravice na nepremičnini od zemljiškoknjižnega lastnika, ki v resnici ni lastnik. Tu je treba tehtati med dvema pomembnima vrednotama, in sicer med pravnim prometom na eni strani in varstvom lastnine na drugi strani. Na prvi pogled se zdi, da je rešitev kristalno jasna, v resnici pa ni tako. Gre za pridobitev lastninske pravice od nelastnika, ki predstavlja izjemo od prepovedi posega v lastninsko pravico, ki je ustavno zagotovljena pravica. Tu je dana prednost pravnemu prometu pred pravim stanjem lastninskih razmerij na nepremičnini. Ob podrobni preučitvi vidimo, da je kljub na videz očitni rešitvi še mnogo dejavnikov, ki nam postavljajo dodatna vprašanja, na katera odgovore najdemo v zakonodaji in sodni praksi.
Keywords:zemljiška knjiga, načelo zaupanja v zemljiško knjigo, varstvo pravnega prometa, dobra vera, lastninska pravica, prenos lastninske pravice na nepremičnini, raziskovalna dolžnost, izbrisna tožba.
Place of publishing:Maribor
Place of performance:Maribor
Publisher:A. Čopar
Year of publishing:2023
Number of pages:1 spletni vir (1 datoteka PDF (78 str.))
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-84674 New window
UDC:347.235(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:168734211 New window
Note:Sistemske zahteve: Acrobat reader
Publication date in DKUM:17.10.2023
Views:173
Downloads:33
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:07.07.2023

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Legal problems of multiple disposal of the same property with review of case law
Abstract:This master’s thesis is the result of my research into the issue of fraudulently selling the same property to multiple buyers. I have studied the subject matter by analysing legislation, legal commentaries, case law and various publications and other bibliographical sources. The thesis provides a comprehensive overview of the analysed issue and details other closely related topics that are crucial to understanding the essence of the issue. Thus, the thesis examines the following topics: land register law and its basic principles, land register, land registration procedure, transfer of ownership of immovable property and required conditions for its validity, selling immovable property multiple times, role of acting in good faith, cancellation action mechanism and novelties in the Act Amending the Land Register Act (ZZK-1C). The guiding principle of property law is still Ulpian’s maxim “Nemo plus iuris ad alium transferre potest quam ipse habet” — no one can transfer more rights to another than he himself has. Even though it is an essential principle, in certain cases it is necessary to deviate from it. In the property sector, derogating from this principle is defined as the principle of trust in the land register. Over time and with the development of the property sector, publication in the land register has become increasingly important. Today, specific legal effects are attached to publication in the land register, primarily the acquisition of rights to immovable property and the protection of confidence in the validity of legal transactions. Alongside that, an issue emerged to which regulation and case law needed to provide a solution. Namely, what happens in the case of acquiring rights to immovable property from the land register owner who is not in fact the owner? In this case, balancing between two important values is required — between the legal transactions and the protection of property. The solution is seemingly obvious; however, it is only illusory. The question is about acquiring property rights from a non-owner, which is an exception to the constitutionally guaranteed right of non-interference with the right to property. In this case, legal transactions are prioritised over the actual ownership status of the property. Upon detailed examination, it is revealed that despite the evident solution, there are numerous other elements to be considered that in turn raise further questions. Legislation and case law provide the answers to them.
Keywords:land register, principle of trust in the land register, protection of legal transactions, good faith, right to property, transfer of ownership of immovable property, duty of investigation, cancellation action


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