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Title:Policijska uporaba strelnega orožja : primerjava ureditve v Republiki Sloveniji in ZDA
Authors:ID Ambrož, Vid (Author)
ID Žaberl, Miroslav (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Ambroz_Vid_2022.pdf (927,74 KB)
MD5: 027E1A94A14179760178059EB71B639C
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Policija je represivni organ države, ki lahko v primeru ogrožanja življenja ali hude telesne poškodbe s strelnim orožjem poseže v temeljno človekovo pravico osumljenca – pravico do življenja. Gre za eno najbolj invazivnih prisilnih sredstev, katere zakonska omejitev je pomembna za preprečitev nedopustnih posegov v omenjeno pravico, ki lahko pomeni tudi usmrtitev osebe, proti kateri se strelno orožje uporabi. V Republiki Sloveniji je pravica do življenja urejena v 17. členu Ustave RS. Poseg v človeško življenje s strelnim orožjem s strani policista ureja Zakon o nalogah in pooblastilih policije. Ta zelo natančno določa uporabo, postopek, pogoje in preverjanje zakonitosti uporabe. Vsaka uporaba prisilnega sredstva je posebej obravnavana in ocenjena, kar zmanjšuje možnost nezakonitih posegov v temeljne človekove pravice. Če to ureditev primerjamo z ameriško, ugotovimo, da imajo zvezne države zelo neenotno in nepregledno uredbo omenjene problematike. Pravica do življenja ni direktno urejena z zakonodajo. Samo uporabo strelnega orožja okvirno ureja Ustava ZDA in Listina pravic. Ti določata minimalne pogoje, ki naj bi jih Zvezne države uvedle v lastno zakonodajo in posamezno pravico zaostrile, kar v večini niso izkoristile in so standardi še manj omejevalni. Nekatere države članice sploh nimajo zakonodaje, ki bi urejale problematiko. Če pogledamo na to tematiko celovito, ugotovimo, da ima Slovenija skoraj v vseh pogledih strožjo normativno urejenost uporabe strelnega orožja, kar v večji meri zaščiti pravico do življenja. To pa se kaže tudi v manj pogosti uporabi strelnega orožja zoper posameznika.
Keywords:policija, policijska pooblastila, strelno orožje, prisilna sredstva, zakonodaja, Slovenija, Združene države Amerike, primerjave, diplomske naloge
Place of publishing:Ljubljana
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[V. Ambrož]
Year of publishing:2022
Year of performance:2022
Number of pages:V f., 43 str.
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-82437 New window
UDC:351.741(497.4)(73)(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:122435331 New window
Publication date in DKUM:22.09.2022
Views:661
Downloads:119
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:20.08.2022

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Police use of firearms: a comparison of regulations in the republic of Slovenia and the USA : diplomsko delo
Abstract:The police is a repressive body that can, in case of a threat to life or serious bodily injury, interfere with the fundamental human right of the suspect – the right to life – with a firearm. It is one of the most invasive means of coercion, the legal limit of which is significant to prevent unjust interference with the said right, which can also mean death. In the Republic of Slovenia, the right to life is secured in Article 17 of the Constitution of RS. The act called “Zakon o nalogah in pooblastilih policije” regulates the police use of a firearm. It accurately governs the police firearm usage, the procedure, the conditions, and the verification of its legal use. Each use of coercive means is considered and evaluated separately in a specific process, which reduces the possibility of illegal interference with fundamental human rights. If we compare the latter regulation with the American one, we find that the federal states have a very inconsistent and opaque modulation of the mentioned issue. The legislation does not regulate the right to life directly. The use of a firearm is roughly determined by the US Constitution and the Bill of Rights. They define the minimum conditions that the Federal States are supposed to introduce in their legislation and individually tighten, which most did not take advantage of. Some states have standards that are even less restrictive and some do not even have legislation regulating the issue. If we look at this topic comprehensively, we notice that Slovenia has stricter legal regulations on the use of firearms in almost all respects, which protects the right to life to a greater extent. This is also reflected in the less frequent use of firearms against individuals.


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