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Title:Obravnava obsojencev na Finskem in Norveškem : diplomsko delo univerzitetnega študijskega programa Varstvoslovje
Authors:ID Boršič, Larisa (Author)
ID Hacin, Rok (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Borsic_Larisa_2022.pdf (1,03 MB)
MD5: CBC8E6D2874A824B4C4E5A8E47161C4C
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:V diplomski nalogi preučujemo nordijski sistem izvrševanja kazenskih sankcij ter obravnavo obsojencev na Finskem in Norveškem. V prvem delu predstavimo glavne značilnosti in razvoj nordijskega sistema izvrševanja kazenskih sankcij. V drugem delu primerjamo finski in norveški zaporski sistem in obravnavo obsojencev ter izpostavimo ključne podobnosti in razlike. Ugotovili smo, da Nordijske države slovijo po nizki stopnji zaprtih oseb, nizki stopnji povratništva in človeških razmerah v zaporu. V dvajsetem stoletju so izvedli korenite spremembe, s katerimi so popolnoma preobrazili sistem izvrševanja kazenskih sankcij, ob koncu stoletja pa so začeli izvajati tudi alternativne kazenske sankcije. Ugotovili smo, da so za Finsko in Norveško značilni majhni zapori, visoka vključenost obsojencev v izobraževanje in delo, odprtost sistema prestajanja kazni in dobri odnosi med obsojenci ter zaporskimi delavci. Obsojencem se ob vstopu v zapor spiše osebnostni načrt, v katerem se celostno določijo aktivnosti med prestajanjem zaporne kazni. Kljub podobnostim Finskega in Norveškega sistema obravnave obsojencev, pa so razlike vidne predvsem v: 1) času trajanja izolacije v primeru kršitve, 2) času, do katerega lahko otroci v zaporu bivajo z materami, 3) trajanju obiskov, 4) velikosti zaporske populacije, 5) deležu tujcev in 6) zaposlovanju zaporskega osebja.
Keywords:obsojenci, obravnave, diplomske naloge
Place of publishing:Ljubljana
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[L. Boršič]
Year of publishing:2022
Year of performance:2022
Number of pages:V f., 41 str.
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-82418 New window
UDC:343.8(480)(481)(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:124175107 New window
Publication date in DKUM:04.10.2022
Views:541
Downloads:51
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:19.08.2022

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Treatment of prisoners in Finland and Norway
Abstract:In the diploma thesis, we focus on the Nordic system of enforcement of criminal sanctions and the treatment of prisoners in Finland and Norway. In the first part, we present the main characteristics and development of the Nordic system of enforcement of criminal sanctions. In the second part, we compare the Finnish and Norwegian prison systems and the treatment of prisoners, highlighting key similarities and differences. We found that the Nordic countries have a reputation for low prison population rates, low recidivism rates and humane conditions in prison. In the twentieth century, radical changes were made, which completely transformed the system of enforcement of criminal sanctions in the observed countries, and at the end of the century, alternative criminal sanctions were also implemented. We found that Finland and Norway are characterized by small prisons, high participation of prisoners in education and work, the openness of the prison system and good relations between prisoners and prison workers. Upon entering prison, a personal plan is prepared for an individual prisoner, in which the activities to be carried out while serving the prison sentence are comprehensively determined. Despite the similarities between the Finnish and Norwegian systems of treatment of prisoners, the differences are mainly visible in: 1) the duration of isolation of prisoners in case of violation of prison rules, 2) the time until which children can stay in prison with their mothers, 3) the duration of visits, 4) the size of the prison population, 5) the proportion of foreigners among prisoners, and 6) employment of prison staff.
Keywords:prisoners, treatment, prisons, Finland, Norway


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