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Title:Povezanost med samoregulacijo in psihosocialnimi težavami v obdobju zgodnjega otroštva : magistrsko delo
Authors:ID Urankar, Nastasja (Author)
ID Bakračevič, Karin (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
ID Kranjec, Eva (Comentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Urankar_Nastasja_2022.pdf (1,55 MB)
MD5: 405EDCE7B74D2BDA5EDE9AC9BDE8716B
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/bd588586-b6ad-4104-84c4-363d3339e6ae
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Zgodnje učenje samoregulacijskih veščin vodi v optimalen razvoj otroka. Otrok s pomočjo samoregulacije uravnava svoja čustva, misli in vedenja. Slabše samoregulacijske veščine in negativne izkušnje v zgodnjem otroštvu pa lahko prispevajo k pojavu psihosocialnih težav. Samoregulacija in psihosocialne težave sta pomembna konstrukta, ki se razvijata v obdobju zgodnjega otroštva. Namen magistrske naloge je preučiti povezanost med samoregulacijo in psihosocialnimi težavami predšolskih otrok glede na njihov spol in starost. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 129 predšolskih otrok in enako število njihovih staršev. Uporabljena merska pripomočka sta bila Vprašalnik o prednostih in težavah − SDQ, s katerim preverjamo izraženost psihosocialnih težav in Vprašalnik o izvršilnih funkcijah − BRIEF-P, ki ga uporabljamo za oceno posameznikove samoregulacije. Rezultati so pokazali, da se samoregulacija in psihosocialne težave v obdobju zgodnjega otroštva medsebojno povezujejo. Statistično pomembne razlike so se pokazale v izraženosti samoregulacije glede na spol; deklice so imele v primerjavi z dečki višje izraženo samoregulacijo. V raziskavi nismo ugotovili statistično pomembne razlike v izraženosti samoregulacije med mlajšimi in starejšimi otroki. Statistično pomembno so se s starostjo povezovale le nekatere dimenzije samoregulacije. Raziskava ni pokazala statistično pomembne razlike med spoloma v izraženosti psihosocialnih težav. Ugotovljena pa je bila statistično pomembna razlika med mlajšimi in starejšimi otroki v izraženosti psihosocialnih težav. Z raziskavo smo poglobili vpogled v pomembnost optimalnega razvoja samoregulacijskih veščin, ki otroku pomagajo, da lažje premagajo psihosocialne težave in izražajo več prosocialnega vedenja.
Keywords:zgodnje otroštvo, samoregulacija, izvršilne funkcije, psihosocialne težave, prosocialno vedenje.
Place of publishing:Maribor
Place of performance:Maribor
Publisher:[N. Urankar]
Year of publishing:2022
Number of pages:1 spletni vir (1 datoteka PDF (IX, 88 str.))
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-81953 New window
UDC:159.922.7(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:117344771 New window
Publication date in DKUM:05.08.2022
Views:824
Downloads:168
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:22.06.2022

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The relationship between self-regulation and psychosocial problems in early childhood
Abstract:Early learning of self-regulatory skills leads to optimal child development. A child regulates his emotions, thoughts and behaviors through self-regulation. However, poorer self-regulatory skills and negative experiences in early childhood can contribute to the emergence of psychosocial problems. Self-regulation and psychosocial problems are important constructs which develop in early childhood. The aim of this master's thesis is to examine the relationship between self-regulation and psychosocial problems of preschool children in reference to their gender and age. The study involved 129 preschool children and an equal number of their parents. The measurement instruments used are the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire − SDQ, which tests the expression of psychosocial problems, and the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function − BRIEF-P, which is used to assess an individual's self-regulation. The results show self-regulation and psychosocial problems in early childhood are interrelated. Statistically significant differences are detected in the expression of self-regulation in reference to gender; girls had higher self-regulation when compared to boys. The study does not find a statistically significant difference in the expression of self-regulation between younger and older children. Only certain dimensions of self-regulation are statistically significantly correlated in reference to age. The study do not show a statistically significant difference based on gender in the expression of psychosocial problems. However, a statistically significant difference is found between younger and older children in the expression of psychosocial problems. The research provides insight into the importance of optimal development of self-regulatory skills which help children overcome psychosocial problems more easily and express more prosocial behavior.
Keywords:early childhood, self-regulation, executive functions, psychosocial problems, prosocial behavior


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