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Title:Study of different forms of peer violence in primary and secondary schools – a systematic literature review
Authors:ID Primc, Teja (Author)
ID Lobnikar, Teja (Author)
ID Tratnik, Blažka (Author)
ID Dvojmoč, Miha (Author)
Files:URL https://www.fvv.um.si/rv/arhiv/2021-3/03_Primc_et_al_2021_3-E.html
 
URL https://www.fvv.um.si/rv/arhiv/2021-3/03_Primc_et_al_2021_3.pdf
 
Language:English
Work type:Scientific work (r2)
Typology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review the literature on peer violence in primary and secondary schools, and to present key findings of these studies. Design/Methods/Approach: The systematic literature review was performed in the Web of Science and Scopus databases, using the PRISMA method. Findings: A total of 81 articles were selected for the final review. The issue of bullying and cyberbullying is extensive and complex, yet there is still no single definition of this phenomenon. Traditional bullying in primary schools reaches up to 76%, while the prevalence of cyberbullying varies below 10%. The perpetrators are more often boys, while girls are often in the role of victims. Violence is more common in younger children. Risk factors for exposure to violence include belonging to an ethnic minority and the lower economic class. Well-developed emotional intelligence is highlighted as a protective factor. There is more cyberbullying in secondary schools (67%), while traditional bullying is as high as 97%. Male students are more often perpetrators, while female students are more often victims. Students with low self-esteem, members of ethnic minorities and lower economic classes are more exposed to violence. Risk factors for causing violence include a previous history of violence, substance abuse, bad associations, and a poor family environment. Research Limitations/Implications: The findings of the article provide a starting point for the compilation of a comprehensive plan for researching the phenomenon of peer violence in primary and secondary schools in Slovenia, and serve as a basis for the development and implementation of a programme for establishing a safe educational environment. Originality/Value: The article is the starting point for an empirical study that will address peer violence in primary and secondary schools in Slovenia.
Keywords:bullying, cyberbullying, peer violence, primary schools, secondary schools
Year of publishing:2021
Publication status in journal:Published
Article version:Publisher's version of article
Number of pages:str. 264-302
Numbering:Letn. 23, št. 3
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-81186 New window
UDC:343.915
ISSN on article:2232-2981
COBISS.SI-ID:95096323 New window
Publication date in DKUM:26.01.2022
Views:182
Downloads:8
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Categories:Misc.
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Varstvoslovje
Publisher:Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za varnostne vede
ISSN:2232-2981
COBISS.SI-ID:255308544 New window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:26.01.2022

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:Study of different forms of peer violence in primary and secondary schools, a systematic literature review
Abstract:Namen prispevka: Namen prispevka je pregled literature s področja medvrstniškega nasilja v osnovnih in srednjih šolah in predstavitev ključnih ugotovitev teh študij. Metode: Sistematični pregled literature je bil opravljen po metodi PRISMA v bazah podatkov Web of Science in Scopus. Ugotovitve: V končni pregled smo izbrali skupno 81 prispevkov. Problematika ustrahovanja in spletnega ustrahovanja je obsežna in kompleksna, kljub temu pa še vedno ni enotne definicije tega pojava. Tradicionalno ustrahovanje v osnovnih šolah sega do 76 %, medtem ko se pojavnost spletnega ustrahovanja giblje pod 10 %. Povzročitelji so pogosteje dečki, deklice pa so večkrat v vlogi žrtve. Nasilje je pogostejše pri mlajših otrocih. Dejavnika tveganja za izpostavljenost nasilju sta pripadnost etnični manjšini in nižjemu ekonomskemu razredu. Kot varovalni dejavnik je izpostavljena dobro razvita čustvena inteligenca. V srednjih šolah je spletnega ustrahovanja več (67 %), medtem ko tradicionalno ustrahovanje sega kar do 97 %. Dijaki so pogosteje povzročitelji, dijakinje pa žrtve nasilja. Nasilju so bolj izpostavljeni dijaki s slabo samopodobo, pripadniki etničnih manjšin in nižjih ekonomskih razredov. Dejavniki tveganja za povzročitev nasilja so predhodna zgodovina nasilja, zloraba substanc, slaba družba in slabo družinsko okolje. Omejitve/uporabnost prispevka: Ugotovitve prispevka dajejo izhodišče za sestavo celovitega načrta raziskovanja pojava medvrstniškega nasilja v osnovnih in srednjih šolah v Sloveniji ter služijo kot osnova za razvoj in vpeljavo programa za vzpostavitev varnega vzgojnega in izobraževalnega okolja. Izvirnost/pomembnost prispevka: Prispevek je izhodišče za empirično študijo, ki bo obravnavala medvrstniško nasilje v osnovnih in srednjih šolah v Sloveniji.
Keywords:ustrahovanje, spletno ustrahovanje, medvrstniško nasilje, osnovne šole, srednje šole


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  1. Varstvoslovje

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