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Title:Jezikovni tabu in vulgarizmi : magistrsko delo
Authors:ID Gerčar, Tjaša (Author)
ID Unuk, Drago (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Gercar_Tjasa_2022.pdf (2,05 MB)
MD5: 42BEE89781FA4CC8A30D5E4B359D0753
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/0b20cc58-7bec-41a4-b559-a4494509a0d3
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:V magistrski nalogi smo se osredotočili na vulgarizme, ki jih je družbena sprejemljivost zaznamovala kot jezikovni tabu. Tabuji so v preteklosti predstavljali delovanje posameznika navkljub določenim pravilom in prepovedim v skupnosti. Podobno je v sodobnosti, saj se jezikovni tabu povezuje s kriterijem družbene sprejemljivosti oz. s tem, kaj je v dani družbi in času moralno ter kulturno spodobno. Na podlagi zbranega gradiva prek metode intervjuja smo prikazali (monološko in dialoško) sporazumevalno in jezikovno zgradbo, stilno zaznamovanost in variantnost ter jezikovni pomen vulgarizmov (metaforiziranje, metonimiziranje, komparacijo in pragmatične lastnosti). Izkazalo se je, da vulgarizmi spadajo v besedišče nizkega stila, saj so družbeno negativno zaznamovani v javni sferi sporočanja. Tematska področja vulgarizmov smo proučili in ponazorili s pomočjo spletnih strani Pomenske mreže slovenskih glagolov in Pomenske mreže slovenskih besed. Dokazali smo, da lahko namesto vulgarizmov uporabimo nevtralne vzporedne izraze, mednje na videz spadajo tudi evfemizmi, saj z obliko zakrivajo denotat. Na eni strani z vulgarizmi izražamo čustva, nezadovoljstvo ipd., na drugi strani pa so v rabi kot poimenovanja. Ugotovitve kažejo, da vulgarizmi so in bodo ostali del aktualnega jezika, četudi so označeni kot jezikovni tabu.
Keywords:jezikovni tabu, vulgarizmi, kletvice, pomenska mreža, pomenski prenos, evfemizmi
Place of publishing:Maribor
Place of performance:Maribor
Publisher:[T. Gerčar]
Year of publishing:2022
Number of pages:1 spletni vir (1 datoteka PDF (IX, 103 str.))
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-81175 New window
UDC:81\'373(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:99915523 New window
Publication date in DKUM:07.03.2022
Views:996
Downloads:83
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:22.01.2022

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Language taboo and vulgarisms
Abstract:In our thesis we focused on vulgarisms, which were branded by society as a language taboo. In the past the term taboo represented actions which were undertaken despite the social norms and rules prohibiting them. The definition remains similar in the modern world, as language taboo is closely associated with social acceptability and with the language that is morally and culturally appropriate in the current sociopolitical climate. Based on our research, which included an interview method we presented the communicative and linguistic structure, stylistic characterization and variability and linguistic significance of vulgarisms (metaphorization, metonymization, comparison and pragmatic features). Vulgarisms have proven to belong to a low style vocabulary, as they carry a negative connotation in a public sphere of communication. We studied thematic structures of vulgarisms with the help of web pages »Pomenske mreže slovenskih glagolov« and »Pomenske mreže slovenskih besed«. Furthermore, we proved that neutral expressions (e.g. euphemisms) can be used in place of vulgarisms to mask the negative connotation. Vulgarisms can be used in a plethora of ways, ie. expressing feelings (e.g. anger or dissatisfaction) or simply used as names. Our findings show that vulgarisms will remain part of the modern language despite being marked as a language taboo.
Keywords:linguistic taboos, vulgarisms, profanity, semantic network, semantic transmission, linguistic structure


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