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Title:Izvrševanje konkurenčnih pravil EU: vloga nacionalnih konkurenčnih organov v luči Direktive 1/2019 : vloga nacionalnih konkurenčnih organov v luči Direktive 1/2019
Authors:ID Lenovšek, Filip (Author)
ID Repas, Martina (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Lenovsek_Filip_2021.pdf (1,05 MB)
MD5: 159ADFE7DFEBB80636946FDD0AD1FFC6
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/1060455c-a477-411b-b36f-709463bfc116
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:Svobodna konkurence predstavlja enega od temeljev notranjega trga EU. Sistem varstva konkurence temelji na decentraliziranem javnem izvrševanju pravil konkurenčnega prava EU s strani Komisije in NKO. Zaradi nacionalne procesne avtonomije so med NKO nastajale razlike, ki so ogrožale učinkovito uveljavljanje členov 101 in 102 PDEU. Cilj Direktive 1/2019 je odprava razlik in vzpostavitev minimalnih standardov delovanja NKO. Uvodoma je v nalogi predstavljen sistem izvrševanja členov 101 in 102 PDEU s poudarkom na Uredbi 1/2003 in nekaterih drugih pomembnejših vprašanjih sistema. Analizirane so ključne določbe Direktive 1/2019. V povezavi z njimi se tesno obravnava vloga NKO, predvsem pa se konkretneje predstavi nezavezujoče pravo, ki ga je izoblikovala Komisija in EMKO. Poudarek je dan tudi sodni praksi SEU in ESČP. Ker imajo slednji viri podlago v strokovnem znanju in dolgoletnih izkušnjah, predstavljajo pomembno vodilo državam članicam, za katere je področje konkurenčnega prava še vedno relativna novost. Navsezadnje bo analizirana ureditev javnega izvrševanja členov 101 in 102 PDEU v RS. Ta temelji na ZPOmK-1 in AVK kot organu pristojnemu za konkurenco v RS. Zaradi implementacije Direktive 1/2019 je ureditev v RS obravnavana v luči Direktive 1/2019. Slednjo ima namen implementirati predlog ZPOmK-2, katerega določbe so predstavljene na mestih, kjer le-te prenašajo rešitve Direktive 1/2019 v slovensko zakonodajo. Rešitve, ki jih prinaša Direktiva 1/2019, bodo okrepile NKO za boj proti kartelom, hkrati pa pomembno prispevale k dvigu konkurenčne kulture skozi EU in posledično k še večjemu poudarku na varstvu konkurence in nadaljnjim spremembam zakonodaj držav članic na tem področju. Predlog ZPOmK-2 v večji meri povzema rešitve Direktive 1/2019, vendar še vedno ostaja problematičen z vidika določb o neodvisnosti, saj slednjih ne ureja dovolj transparentno, hkrati pa nekatera vprašanja prepušča v ureditev AVK, kar lahko predstavlja nevarnost za arbitrarne posege, če sam zakon ne vsebuje pravil o mejah dovoljenih intervencij v delovanje AVK s strani državnih organov ali zasebnih subjektov.
Keywords:konkurenca, konkurenčni organi, člen 101 in 102 PDEU, Uredba 1/2003, Direktiva 1/2019, ZPOmK-1, AVK
Place of publishing:Maribor
Place of performance:Maribor
Publisher:[F. Lenovšek]
Year of publishing:2021
Number of pages:1 spletni vir (1 datoteka PDF (V, 87 str.))
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-80826 New window
UDC:339.137(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:83871747 New window
Note:Sistemske zahteve: Acrobat Reader
Publication date in DKUM:08.11.2021
Views:903
Downloads:66
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:25.10.2021

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Enforcement of EU Competition Rules: Role of National Competition Authorities in Light of Directive 1/2019
Abstract:Free competition is one of the cornerstones of the EU internal market. Competition is protected through decentralized public enforcement of EU competition law rules by the Commission and by NCAs. National procedural autonomy has created differences between NCAs that have jeopardized the effective application of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU. The aim of Directive 1/2019 is to eliminate these differences and establish minimum standards for the functioning of NCAs. Initially, the paper presents a system for the enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU, focusing on Regulation 1/2003 and some other important aspects of the system. The key provisions of Directive 1/2019 are analyzed. In connection with them, the role of NCAs is closely discussed, with a strong focus on non-binding law formulated by the Commission and ECN. The case law of CJEU and the ECtHR are also emphasized. As the latter sources are based on expertise and many years of experience, they provide important guidelines for Member States, for which the field of competition law is still a relative novelty. Finally, the regulation of public enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU in the Republic of Slovenia is presented. It is based on the Prevention of Restriction of Competition Act, and the Slovenian Competition Protection Agency is the body responsible for competition in the Republic of Slovenia. Due to the necessary implementation of Directive 1/2019, regulation in the Republic of Slovenia will be considered in the light of Directive 1/2019. The latter will be implemented by the proposal of ZPOmK-2, the provisions of which are presented in places where they transpose the solutions of Directive 1/2019 into Slovenian legislation. The solutions provided by Directive 1/2019 will strengthen NCAs to combat cartels. At the same time, they will raise the competition culture across the EU and consequently place an even greater emphasis on competition protection and further changes needed in Member States legislation. The proposal of ZPOmK-2 for the most part encompasses the solutions of Directive 1/2019 but still remains problematic in the case of independence provisions, as it does not regulate them transparently enough. Additionally, it leaves some provisions for the Slovenian NCA to regulate itself, which may pose the risk of arbitrary interference if the law itself does not prescribe a limit of permitted interventions in the functioning of the Slovenian NCA from state bodies or private entitites.
Keywords:competiton, competition authorities, Article 101 and 102 TFEU, Regulation 1/2003, Directive 1/2019, Prevention of Restriction of Competition Act, Slovenian competition protection agency


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