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Title:Uporaba Jacksonovega vprašalnika za merjenje strahu pred kriminaliteto pri mladih odraslih : magistrsko delo
Authors:ID Obreht, Grega (Author)
ID Erčulj, Vanja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
ID Meško, Gorazd (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Obreht_Grega_2021.pdf (879,55 KB)
MD5: 8EEF684C6E012D18E140A0D476208B66
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/b069058f-6afb-485a-906c-135c41fd18e3
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Raziskovanje strahu pred kriminaliteto se je začelo že v 60-letih dvajsetega stoletja in vse od takrat je ena izmed bolj perečih tem na področju kriminologije in tudi drugih družboslovnih ved. Gre za kompleksen pojav oziroma problem, za katerega še vedno ni točne definicije in enotnega načina merjenja. V magistrskem delu smo se osredotočili na operacionalizacijo strahu pred kriminaliteto in merjenjem le-tega. Večina kritik je ta, da veliko raziskav uporablja le en indikator. V magistrskem delu je bil tako uporabljen Jacksonov vprašalnik za merjenje strahu pred kriminaliteto, ki vključuje več indikatorjev in konstruktov, povezanih s strahom pred kriminaliteto. Zbiranje podatkov je potekalo med 28. 7. 2020 in 28. 10. 2020, v raziskavi so sodelovali mladi odrasli v Sloveniji, stari med 15 in 29 let. Namen magistrskega dela je bil proučiti merske karakteristike Jacksonovega vprašalnika. Na podlagi faktorske analize in Cronbach koeficienta alfa je bilo ugotovljeno, da je vprašalnik veljaven in zanesljiv, zato se lahko uporabi za merjenje strahu pred kriminaliteto. Prav tako Jacksonov vprašalnik vsebuje več indikatorjev in loči med osebnimi in premoženjskimi kaznivimi dejanji ter razlikuje med zaskrbljenostjo in verjetnostjo, da bi se posamezniku zgodilo določeno kaznivo dejanje. V zaključku smo ugotovili, da obstaja povezanost med zaznavanjem tveganja za kaznivo dejanje in zaznavanjem posledic za kaznivo dejanje ter zaskrbljenostjo za kaznivo dejanje. Prav tako smo preverjali, če obstajajo razlike med osebami ki so že bile viktimizirane in osebami, ki še niso bile viktimizirane, v občutku nadzora in v zaskrbljenosti, da se jim bo zgodilo kaznivo dejanje. Ugotovili smo, da razlike obstajajo samo v občutku nadzora nad tem, da se jim bo zgodilo kaznivo dejanje.
Keywords:kriminologija, strah pred kriminaliteto, Jacksonov vprašalnik, mladi, analize, magistrska dela
Place of publishing:Ljubljana
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[G. Obreht]
Year of publishing:2021
Year of performance:2021
Number of pages:X f., 48 str., [2] str. pril.
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-80811 New window
UDC:343.9(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:85917699 New window
Publication date in DKUM:22.11.2021
Views:735
Downloads:117
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:20.10.2021

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Using the Jackson questionnaire to measure fear of crime in young adults
Abstract:In the 1960s, researchers began exploring the fear of crime and since then it has become one of the more pressing topics in the field of criminology and other social sciences. It is a complex phenomenon for which there is still no exact definition or uniform measurement method. The thesis focuses on the operationalization of the fear of crime and its measurement. Many critiques note that research of this topic uses only one indicator, therefore, the Jackson questionnaire was used to measure fear of crime, as it includes several indicators and constructs associated with fear of crime. We collected the data in the period from the 28th of July 2020 until the 28th of October 2020 from participants aged between 15 and 29. The purpose of our master's thesis was to examine the measurement characteristics of the Jackson questionnaire. Based on factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha, it was found that the questionnaire was valid and reliable, meaning it can be used to measure fear of crime. Moreover, the Jackson questionnaire contains several indicators and separates between personal and property crimes and distinguishes between concern and the likelihood that a certain offense would have happened to an individual. Our research has found that there is a coherence between the perception of the risk of a criminal offense and the perception of the consequences for the offense and concern for the offense. We also checked if there are differences between people who have already been victimized and people who have not yet been victimized, mostly in their sense of control and their concern that they will be subject to a criminal offense. Our research has found that differences exist only in the people's sense of control of them being subject to a criminal offense.
Keywords:fear of crime, Jackson, operationalization, measuring


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