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Title:Vloga medicinske sestre pri zdravstveni obravnavi bolnika z globoko vensko trombozo
Authors:Borko, Karmen (Author)
Tomažič, Jožefa (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Kmetec, Sergej (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf VS_Borko_Karmen_2021.pdf (461,92 KB)
MD5: 3C6ABDA56B8179DC9BE7582D101C4D91
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Uvod: globoka venska tromboza nastane, kadar krvni strdek zamaši veno, ki leži globoko v notranjosti. Globoka venska tromboza se kaže z oteklino, bolečino, razširjenimi venami na prizadeti okončini in eritemom. Namen pregleda literature je raziskati vlogo medicinske sestre pri zdravstveni obravnavi in zdravstveni vzgoji bolnika z globoko vensko trombozo. Metode: uporabili smo sistematični pregled literature z metodo pregleda, analize in sinteze strokovne in znanstvene literature ter metodo kompilacije. Literaturo smo iskali na osnovi raziskovalnega vprašanja in pri tem upoštevali smernice po PRISMA, oceno člankov smo opravili z Joanna Brihggs Institutes ocenjevalnim orodjem, sintezo člankov pa smo naredili po korakih tematske analize. Rezultati: na podlagi analize 6 raziskav smo izpostavili 4 podkategorije. Podkategorije, ki so izpostavljene za vlogo medicinske sestre, so: ocenjevanje tveganja za nastanek globoke venske tromboze, svetovanje bolniku o preprečevanju globoke venske tromboze in preprečevanju zapletov, motiviranje k telesni aktivnosti in spodbujanje k čimprejšnjemu vstajanju iz postelje, uporaba kompresije in kompresijskih naprav. Razprava in sklep: medicinska sestra, pouči bolnika o simptomih, ki nakazujejo na globoko vensko trombozo, ter oceni ogroženost bolnika za nastanek le - te. Za preprečevanje nastanka globoke venske tromboze medicinska sestra pomaga bolniku pri čimprejšnjem vstajanju iz postelje ter mu pomaga ali pa ga spodbuja k telesni aktivnosti. Medicinska sestra mora znati rokovati z mehaničnimi kompresijskimi napravami, prav tako pa mora znati pravilno nameščati kompresijske povoje in nogavice.
Keywords:globoka venska tromboza, zdravstvena obravnava, medicinska sestra, bolnik, poučevanje
Year of publishing:2021
Publisher:[K. Borko]
Source:Maribor
UDC:614.253.5:615.851.4:616.14-005.6(043.2)
COBISS_ID:76512771 New window
Views:190
Downloads:62
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:30.08.2021

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The role of the nurse in the medical treatment of patients with deep vein thrombosis
Abstract:Introduction: deep vein thrombosis occurs when a blood clot clogs a vein that lies deep inside. Deep vein thrombosis is manifested by swelling, pain, varicose veins on the affected limb, and erythema. The purpose of the literature review is to investigate the role of the nurse in the medical treatment and medical education of a patient with deep vein thrombosis. Methods: we used a systematic review of the literature with the method of review, analysis and synthesis of professional and scientific literature and the method of compilation. We searched the literature based on a research question and followed the guidelines according to PRISMA, we evaluated the articles with the Joanna Brihggs Institutes evaluation tool and for the synthesis of articles we made steps of thematic analysis. Results: based on the analysis of 6 studies, 4 subcategories were highlighted. The subcategories highlighted for the role of nurse are assessing the risk of developing DVT, advising the patient on the prevention of DVT and preventing complications, motivating physical activity and encouraging getting out of bed as soon as possible, using compression and compression devices. Discussion and conclusion: the nurse instruct the patient about the symptoms that indicates deep vein thrombosis and assesses the patient's risk of developing it. To prevent the development of deep vein thrombosis, the nurse helps the patient to get out of bed as soon as possible and helps or encourages him to physical activity. The nurse must be able to handle mechanical compression devices and be able to properly install compression bandages and socks.
Keywords:deep vein thrombosis, medical treatment, nurse, patient, teaching


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