| | SLO | ENG | Cookies and privacy

Bigger font | Smaller font

Show document

Title:Vrstniško nasilje v zasavskih srednjih šolah : magistrsko delo
Authors:Napret, Mateja (Author)
Meško, Gorazd (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Napret_Mateja_2021.pdf (2,23 MB)
MD5: CEC2EDD740943E4F42B7770923533D86
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Medvrstniško nasilje je zelo kompleksen pojav, ki je dandanes prisoten tako rekoč v vsaki šoli. Kljub temu, da je bil pojav že v prejšnjem stoletju zelo razširjen, so mu posvečali zelo malo pozornosti. Prav to odlašanje in sprenevedanje, da se kaj takšnega na šolah ne dogaja/ne more zgoditi pa bi lahko bil razlog za tragedijo, ki se je zgodila leta 1982 na Norveškem. Trije otroci stari od 10 do 14 let, so zaradi trpinčenje vrstnikov takrat storili samomor. To pa je bil povod, da so leto za tem osnovne šole uvedle nacionalni program proti medvrstniškemu nasilju med učenci. Medvrstniško nasilje se od takrat ni dosti spremenilo. Še vedno velja, da o tej obliki nasilja govorimo takrat, ko je nek posameznik (učenec/dijak), dlje časa oziroma v nekem časovnem obdobju večkrat izpostavljen agresivnemu dejanju oziroma takšnim in drugačnim negativnim dejanjem s strani vrstnikov (enega/več). Omenjena negativna dejanja delimo v sedem kategorij medvrstniškega nasilja: verbalno nasilje, izločenost iz skupine, fizično nasilje, širjenje lažnih govoric, jemanje denarja ali poškodovanje tuje stvari, prisiljenost v nekatera početja in rasno nasilje. Poznamo pa tudi tri posebni oblike medvrstniškega nasilja, in sicer spolno nasilje, spletno nasilje (novejša oblika) in medvrstniško nasilje do učencev s posebnimi potrebami. Katere oblike medvrstniškega nasilja se bo nasilnež (storilec) posluževal, je odvisno predvsem od žrtve. V primeru, da gre za tipično žrtev, ki je negotova, previdnejša, sramežljiva in zaprta vase, bo dovolj le nekaj verbalnih žaljivk ali širjenje lažnih govoric, da se bo le-ta sesula in počutila manj vredno. V primerih, ko pa imamo netipično žrtev, ki se s svojimi osebnostnimi lastnostmi zlahka zoperstavi nasilnežu pa v večini primerov do medvrstniškega nasilja ne pride, saj nasilnež spozna, da njegovo početje ni smiselno in si najde drugo žrtev. Zelo pomembno pri vsem tem pa je, da se vprašamo, zakaj določeni posamezniki sploh vršijo medvrstniško nasilje nad svojimi vrstniki in jih v množici otrok/mladostnikov prepoznamo ter pravočasno izločimo oziroma se z njimi pogovorimo. O medvrstniškem nasilju, smo povprašali tudi dijake Zasavskih srednjih šol (anketni vprašalnik) in na podlagi njihovih odgovorov s pomočjo analize z različnimi multivariatnimi metodami, dobili odgovore, katere oblike medvrstniškega nasilja prevladujejo, kje se medvrstniško nasilje najpogosteje izvaja, kako dijaki reagirajo, če so priča medvrstniškemu nasilju, komu bi zaupali svojo izkušnjo itd.
Keywords:magistrska dela, nasilje, vrstniki, vrstniško nasilje, žrtve, srednja šola, Zasavje
Year of publishing:2021
Year of performance:2021
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[M. Napret]
Number of pages:X, 60 str.
Source:Ljubljana
UDC:343.915:343.62(043.2)
COBISS_ID:58666243 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:IILTCSBU
Views:115
Downloads:28
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
:
  
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only for logged in users.
Share:AddThis
AddThis uses cookies that require your consent. Edit consent...

Hover the mouse pointer over a document title to show the abstract or click on the title to get all document metadata.

Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:23.02.2021

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Peer violence in secondary schools in zasavje
Abstract:Peer violence is a very complex phenomenon that is present in almost every school today. Despite the fact that the phenomenon was already widespread in the last century, very little attention was paid to it. It is this delay and ignorance that something like this is not / cannot happen in schools that could be the reason for the tragedy that happened in 1982 in Norway. Three children, aged 10 to 14, committed suicide at the time due to peer abuse. This was the reason why, a year later, primary schools introduced a national program against peer violence among students. Peer violence has not changed much since then. It is still true that we talk about this form of violence when an individual (student) is repeatedly exposed to an aggressive act or such and other negative actions by peers (one / more) for a longer period of time or in a certain period of time. These negative acts are divided into seven categories: verbal violence, exclusion from the group, physical violence, spreading false rumors, taking money or damaging foreign objects, coercion into certain acts and racial violence. We also know three special forms of peer violence, namely sexual violence, online violence (a newer form) and peer violence against students with special needs. Which form of peer violence the perpetrator will use depends mainly on the victim. In the case of a typical victim who is insecure, cautious, shy, and introverted, just a few verbal insults or spreading false rumors will suffice to make him collapse and feel less valuable. However, in cases where we have an atypical victim who easily opposes the perpetrator with his personal characteristics, in most cases peer violence does not occur, as the perpetrator realizes that his actions do not make sense and finds another victim. In all of this, it is very important to ask ourselves why certain individuals commit peer violence against their peers at all, and to recognize them in the crowd of children / adolescents, and to exclude them in time and talk to them. We also asked students of Zasavje secondary schools about peer violence (survey / questionnaire) and based on their answers with the help of analysis with different multivariate methods, we got answers, which forms of peer violence prevail, where peer violence is most often carried out, how students react if witness peer violence, to whom you would trust your experience, etc.
Keywords:violence, peers, victims, secondary school, Zasavje


Comments

Leave comment

You have to log in to leave a comment.

Comments (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
There are no comments!

Back
Logos of partners University of Maribor University of Ljubljana University of Primorska University of Nova Gorica