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Title:Medvrstniško nasilje na osnovnih šolah v Kamniku : diplomsko delo visokošolskega študijskega programa Varnost in policijsko delo
Authors:Drolc, Andrejka (Author)
Meško, Gorazd (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Drolc_Andrejka_2021.pdf (796,20 KB)
MD5: 093BC5FA6BB4EF2CB26C1EE44D179B4B
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:V diplomskem delu bomo spoznali teoretični in raziskovalni vidik medvrstniškega nasilja. Na nasilje v šolah vplivajo različni dejavniki (ekonomski status, družbeni status, videz …). V šolah je mogoče zaznati veliko tipov in oblik nasilja. Poleg medvrstniškega nasilja zaznamo tudi nasilje učencev nad učitelji, ki je dokaj pogost pojav (razni vzdevki učiteljem, motenje pouka …). Med najpogostejše tipe vrstniškega nasilja štejemo fizično ali verbalno nasilje, psihično nasilje, ekonomsko nasilje, rasistično in spolno nasilje ter dokaj novo in zelo razširjeno spletno nasilje, ki je po mnenju strokovnjakov samo podaljšek nasilja, ki se dogaja v šolah. Otroke, ki so žrtev nasilja, prepoznamo predvsem po prestrašenosti. Žrtve postanejo predvsem zato, ker so izolirani in osamljeni ter na nasilje odreagirajo z jokom. Medtem ko je nasilnež učenec, ki je nasprotje žrtvi, je videti močnejši ter je samozavesten z veliko prijateljev. Pri nasilju so ključni tudi opazovalci, saj so velikokrat oni tisti, ki še dodatno spodbujajo nasilje. Vzrok za izvajanje nasilja je v večini primerov posledica neurejenega domačega okolja ali osebnih težav (družinsko nasilje). Pri preventivi nasilja mora biti šola strokovna in mora otroku priti naproti v primeru težav, tudi ko gre za sankcioniranje povzročiteljev, se je treba držati določenih pravil in protokolov. Na področju preventive in izobraževanja otrok o nasilju deluje zelo veliko neprofitnih in nevladnih organizacij, ki sporočajo, da nasilje ni rešitev, temveč težava, ki jo je treba odpraviti. Skozi analizo pa smo ugotovili, da je več nasilja prisotnega na mestnih šolah in da se fantje nagibajo k fizičnemu nasilju, dekleta pa k psihičnemu nasilju. Opazili smo, da se največ nasilja pripeti na šolskih hodnikih ali stopniščih. Žrtve o tem, da so tarča nasilnih učencev, največkrat poročajo prijateljem ali delavcem na šoli. Iz analize lahko tudi potrdimo, da učitelji dobro delajo na preventivi nasilja.
Keywords:diplomske naloge, medvrstniško nasilje, šola, Kamnik, mladostniki
Year of publishing:2021
Year of performance:2021
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[A. Drolc]
Number of pages:VIII, 45 str.
Source:Ljubljana
UDC:343.62(043.2)
COBISS_ID:57980163 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:XQF8PCPT
Views:96
Downloads:34
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:22.02.2021

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Peer violence in elementary schools in Kamnik
Abstract:In the final paper, we will get to know the theoretical and research aspect of peer violence. Violence in schools is influenced by various factors (economic status, social status, appearance, etc.). There are many types and forms of violence in schools. In addition to peer violence, we also detect student violence against teachers, which is a fairly common phenomenon (various nicknames for teachers, disruption of lessons, etc.). The most common types of peer violence include physical or verbal violence, psychological violence, economic violence, racist and sexual violence, and the relatively new and widespread online violence, which experts say is just an extension of school violence. We recognize children who are victims of violence mainly by their fear. They become victims mainly because they are isolated and lonely, and react to violence by crying. The bully, on the other hand, is a student who is the exact opposite of the victim; he/she looks stronger and confident, and has many friends. Observers are also a key element in violence, as they are often the ones who further promote violence. The cause of violence is in most cases the result of a disorderly domestic environment or personal problems (domestic violence). To prevent violence, the school must be professional and must approach the child in case of problems; even when it comes to sanctioning the perpetrators, the school must adhere to certain rules and protocols. There are many non-profit and non-governmental organizations working in the field of prevention and education of children about violence, which emphasize that violence is not a solution but a problem that needs to be solved. Through the analysis, however, it has been found that more violence is present in urban schools and that boys are prone to physical violence, whereas girls are prone to psychological violence. It has been noticed that most violence occurs in school hallways or stairwells. Victims most often report being the target of violent students to their friends or other school staff. Based on the analysis, it can be confirmed that teachers are doing a good job on violence prevention.
Keywords:peer violence, school, Kamnik, adolescents


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