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Title:Sustainable Development In Transport and Logistics
Authors:Omahne, Vasja (Author)
Kovačič Lukman, Rebeka (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Omahne_Vasja_2021.pdf (2,90 MB, This file will be accessible after 11.03.2023)
MD5: 9307E7358BCD35685609718AD36F8F13
 
Language:English
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:FL - Faculty of Logistic
Abstract:The support for an ongoing global pursuit of sustainable development, consumer awareness about sustainability, and regulations have affected the transport and logistics sector due to the fact that it presents ample environmental, social and economic challenges. The transport sector contributes globally to about 14% of greenhouse gas emissions, and around one third of the European Union's emissions, yet also represents an important economic sector, employing around 10 million individuals, thus requiring an in-depth discussion, especially regarding environmental impact. Due to increasing global concern for the environment, companies and policymakers are facing pressure to reduce the environmental impact related to transport and logistics activities and make them more sustainable. Before choosing a best practice for improvement, especially regarding the environmental perspective, a thorough analysis regarding the environmental impact has to be carried out based on reliable data and methodology. For such purposes, the life cycle assessment (LCA) defined by standards ISO 14040 and 14044 is commonly used. While the LCA focuses only on the environmental perspective, sustainability is represented by three dimensions, which are environmental, economic and social and those are interlinked, which presents a challenge, as each dimension has a major impact on every stage of the life cycle of a product, process or service. Thus there is a need to evaluate all three perspectives of sustainability in order to make transport and logistics processes more sustainable. Another option to make transport and logistics processes more sustainable and to achieve sustainable development is through education. Thus, it is important to integrate sustainability-oriented topics in logistics programs and courses, and consequently educate future logisticians about sustainability. Considering environmental burdens and sustainable development in transport and logistics, we explored LCA regarding its use in transport and logistics and studied the integration of sustainability into logistics education in EU, as it is important to educate future logistics managers and decision makers to gain sufficient knowledge on the importance of sustainability. Also, as logistics processes pose several environmental challenges and impacts, social and economic impacts are the ones that are frequently overlooked. Thus we additionally focused on performing an applicable comprehensive sustainability evaluation of a monkey toy and evaluated its environmental (through LCA), social (through SLCA) and economic (through LCC) impacts through the life cycle. At the same time, we explored options to enhance the present CE concept in the monkey toy company. Exploring the use of LCA in transport and logistics, we focused on the state-of-the-art of transport-related life cycle assessment studies, as they are important for the decision-making processes. Our research of LCA & transport studies was framed around the requirements of the International Organization for Standardization. A specific focus was given to the quality of life cycle assessment phases, comprehending goal and scope, inventory, life cycle impact assessment, and interpretation. Thirty-four research and review papers were studied, sourced from the Web of Science database. Studying the monkey toy, we firstly assessed the environmental impacts of the toy through LCA and additionally combined it with SLCA and LCC to evaluate the toy's sustainability comprehensively. Based on the results of the sustainability evaluation, we gained an insight into environmental, economic and social hotspots that the monkey represents. We then presented a possible enhancement of the CE concept. Lastly, focusing on logistics education, we analyzed and elaborated upon an integration of sustainability topics at higher education programs in logistics and their curricula for bachelor and master degrees at universities across Europe.
Keywords:Logistics, Transport, Sustainability, Life-cycle assessment, Logistics education
Year of publishing:2021
Publisher:[V. Omahne]
Source:Celje
UDC:656
COBISS_ID:57388035 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:R0HYM8NX
Views:120
Downloads:0
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Categories:FL
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:12.02.2021

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:Trajnostni razvoj v transportu in logistiki
Abstract:Podpora nenehnemu globalnemu prizadevanju za trajnostni razvoj, ozaveščenost potrošnikov o trajnosti in regulative vplivajo na transportni in logistični sektor, ker ta predstavlja številne okoljske, socialne in gospodarske izzive. Transportni sektor na svetovni ravni prispeva k okoli 14% emisij toplogrednih plinov, na ravni Evropske unije pa k približno tretjini in hkrati predstavlja pomemben gospodarski sektor, ki zaposluje približno 10 milijonov posameznikov. Zaradi vse večje okoljske in trajnostne ozaveščenosti na globalni ravni se podjetja in oblikovalci politike soočajo s pritiskom, da zmanjšajo vplive na okolje, povezane s prometnimi in logističnimi dejavnostmi, in jih naredijo bolj trajnostne. Pred sprejetjem odločitev o morebitnih izboljšavah, zlasti iz okoljskega vidika, je treba izvesti temeljito analizo vplivov na okolje na podlagi zanesljivih podatkov in metodologij. Za takšne namene se lahko uporabi celovito vrednotenje življenjskega cikla (LCA analiza), ki je določena s standardoma ISO 14040 in 14044. Ta predstavlja celovito metodo za vrednotenje vplivov proizvodov in procesov na okolje. Medtem ko se LCA osredotoča le na okoljski vidik, trajnost predstavljajo tri dimenzije, ki so okoljska, gospodarska in družbena. Te so medsebojno povezane, kar predstavlja izziv, saj vsaka dimenzija močno vpliva na vsako fazo življenjskega cikla izdelka, procesa ali storitve. Zato je potrebno pri vrednotenju vpliva izdelka, procesa ali storitve oceniti vse tri vidike trajnosti, da bi lahko transportne in logistične procese izboljšali iz vidika trajnosti. Druga možnost za izboljšanje procesov in doseganje trajnostnega razvoja na področju transporta in logistike, je z izobraževanjem. Zato je pomembno vključevanje tem, ki so usmerjene k trajnosti, v logistične programe in tako bodoče logiste poučiti o trajnosti. Glede na številne izzive, okoljske obremenitve in trajnostni razvoj v transportu in logistiki smo raziskali uporabo LCA v transportu in logistiki ter preučili vključevanje trajnosti v izobraževanje o logistiki v EU, saj je pomembno, da izobrazimo prihodnje vodje logistike in nosilce odločanja, da ti pridobijo zadostno znanje o pomembnosti trajnosti. Nadalje logistični procesi predstavljajo številne izzive in vplive na vse tri dimenzije trajnosti, vendar pa sta družbeni in gospodarski vidik večkrat spregledana. Zato smo se dodatno osredotočili na izvedbo celovite ocene trajnosti igrače in ovrednotili njene okoljske (s pomočjo LCA), družbene (preko SLCA) in ekonomske (skozi LCC) vpliva skozi življenjski cikel. Hkrati smo raziskali možnosti za izboljšanje koncepta krožnega gospodarstva v podjetju. Z raziskovanjem uporabe LCA v transportu in logistiki smo se osredotočili na pregled najsodobnejših študij ocenjevanja življenjskega cikla, povezanih s transportom. Tako smo v nadaljevanju izvedli kritičen pregled študij 34 znanstvenih in preglednih znanstvenih člankov na tematiko LCA & transporta, katere smo pridobili iz podatkovne zbirke Web of Science. Naša raziskava LCA & transport je slonela na zahtevah mednarodne organizacije za standardizacijo (ISO). Poseben poudarek smo namenili kakovosti faz izvedenih analiz LCA, ki so definiranje cilja in obsega študije, popis, določitev obremenjevanja okolja in interpretacija rezultatov. Nadalje smo s študijem igrače najprej preko LCA ocenili vplive na okolje in to dodatno kombinirali z analizama SLCA (družbeni vidik) in LCC (ekonomski vidik), da bi celovito ocenili trajnost igrače. Na podlagi rezultatov ocenjevanja trajnosti smo dobili vpogled v okoljska, gospodarska in socialna žarišča, ki jih predstavlja igrača in na podlagi rezultatov predstavili možno izboljšavo koncepta krožnega gospodarstva. Nazadnje smo analizirali integracijo trajnostnih tem v visokošolskih in magistrskih programih logistike in njihovih učnih načrtih na evropskih univerzah na podlagi okvira sistematizacije in razvrščanja terminov trajnosti.
Keywords:Logistika, Transport, Trajnost, Analiza življenjskega cikla, Logistično izobraževanje


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