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Title:Forenzična odontologija : diplomsko delo visokošolskega študijskega programa Varnost in policijsko delo
Authors:Potrč, Lara (Author)
Zupanc, Tomaž (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Potrc_Lara_2021.pdf (2,04 MB)
MD5: 3D59F429713B6FAE28B8DC20F2911AD9
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Zobje so najtrša struktura v človeškem telesu, ki je odporna na vplive okolja in visoko temperaturo. Zato se ohranijo nedoločen čas po smrti in so uporabni kot metoda identifikacije umrlih ne glede na stopnjo napredovanja poznih mrliških sprememb ali mutiliranja trupla po smrti. S pomočjo značilnosti zob je umrlim mogoče določiti spol, približno starost ter raso. Enojajčni dvojčki in trojčki imajo lahko enak molekularno genetski zapis, medtem ko se njihovi zobni odtisi medsebojno razlikujejo, saj ima vsak posameznik, podobno kot prstni odtis, edinstvenega, kjer en sam zob v ustni votlini ni enak zobu drugega posameznika. Forenzična odontologija je ena izmed primarnih metod identifikacije, ki se ukvarja s preučevanjem predsmrtnih in posmrtnih sprememb in značilnostmi zob, ki so uporabne za identifikacijo posameznika, žrtev množičnih nesreč, storilcev kaznivih dejanj s pomočjo analize ugriznega znamenja in določanje starosti mladoletnih živih oseb npr. migrantov. Zobna identifikacija se pri ohranitvi mehkih tkiv uporablja v kombinaciji z metodama rugoskopije in cheiloskopije. Rugoskopija analizira nebne brazde, cheiloskopija pa analizira linije na ustni rdečini in se večinoma uporablja za dokazovanje prisotnosti ali odsotnosti storilca s kraja kaznivega dejanja. V Sloveniji je področje forenzične odontologije in delo forenzičnega odontologa relativno nepoznano, zato v delu predstavljam potek identifikacije posameznika na podlagi značilnosti zob ter kot enega od načinov identifikacije storilca kaznivega dejanja s prepoznavo in analizo ugriznega znamenja. Identifikacija žrtev množičnih nesreč in nenavadnih zločinov poteka v sodelovanju forenzičnega odontologa s forenzičnim antropologom in specialistom sodne medicine, ki vsak s svojimi ugotovitvami privede do identifikacije posameznika. Kje se delo enega strokovnjaka začne in drugega konča, je pomembno za razumevanje primerjave njihovega dela ter izobraževanja.
Keywords:diplomske naloge, ugrizna znamenja, spol, starost, rasa, migracije
Year of publishing:2021
Year of performance:2021
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[L. Potrč]
Number of pages:VII, 53 str.
Source:Ljubljana
UDC:340.6(043.2)
COBISS_ID:55126019 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:4WZXROLK
Views:80
Downloads:12
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:27.01.2021

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Forensic odontology
Abstract:Teeth are preserved indefinite time after death because they are the hardest structure in human body, resistant to environmental influences and high temperatures. Therefore they can be used as identification method of the deceased regardless of mutilation of the corpse after death. Gender, approximate age and race of the deceased can be determined using the particular features of the teeth. The genetic composition of identical twins and triplets can be the same while their dental impressions differs, because each individual has a unique one. Forensic odontology is one of the primary identification methods, which studies pre-mortem and post-mortem changes in teeth to identify individuals, victims of mass disasters, perpetrators with bite mark analysis and to determine age of adolescents, e.g. migrants. If the soft tissues are preserved, dental identification can be used in combination with rugoscopy and cheiloscopy. Rugoscopy analyzes the pattern on the palatal rugae to identify a person while cheiloscopy studies the lip prints and is mostly used to prove the presence or absence of the perpetrator from the crime scene. The field of forensic odontology and work of forensic odontologist is relatively unknown in Slovenia. Degree paper presents the identification procedure and bite mark recognition. Identification of victims of mass disasters and unusual crimes proceed in collaboration of forensic odontologist with forensic anthropologist and forensic pathologist. It is important to understand their work and education to know where the work of one professional begins and the other one ends.
Keywords:bite marks, sex, race, age, migration


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