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Title:Pravna ureditev policijskega pridržanja in ustreznost nadzora nad odrejenimi pridržanji v RS : diplomsko delo visokošolskega študijskega programa Varnost in policijsko delo
Authors:Radonjić, Milan (Author)
Flander, Benjamin (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Koren, Božidar (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf VS_Radonjic_Milan_2021.pdf (611,93 KB)
MD5: 581419EEEF0E05D85B01B20079047C99
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Pridržanje je policijsko pooblastilo, ki z vidika omejevanja svobode pomeni grob poseg v človekove pravice in temeljne svoboščine . V diplomskem delu so zbrana in predstavljena policijska pridržanja, ki jih pod določenimi pogoji sme odrediti policija. V vsebini podajamo, da je pridržanje urejeno v petih različnih zakonih, ki posegajo na različna področja dela policije, sama uporaba pooblastila pa je podrobneje določena tudi v podzakonskih aktih. V diplomskem delu smo prikazali, da mora policija ob uporabi tako močnega pooblastila upoštevati vrsto obligacij, ki izhajajo iz zakonodaje, ob tem pa je pomembno, da upoštevajo človekove pravice in tudi navodila, ki jih policija svojim delavcem daje sama. Vsakršni odkloni od navedenih navodil delavca policije izpostavijo različnim oblikam nepravilnosti in kaznivosti, posameznik, ki se v takšnih postopkih znajde, pa je oškodovan ravno na področju človekovih pravic. Med pridržanji obstajajo razlike, tako v pogojih za odreditev tega pooblastila, prav tako pa tudi na področju zahtevanih ukrepov, dopustnega trajanja in same izvedbe obravnavanega pooblastila. Policija je kot državni organ, ki ima vrsto pooblastil s katerimi posega v pravice posameznikov, podvržena različnim oblikam notranjega in zunanjega nadzora. Izpostavili smo nujnost sodnega nadzora pri policijskih pridržanjih, poudarili pomembnost celovitega zunanjega nadzora, ki ga izvaja tudi Varuh človekovih pravic v okviru Državnega preventivnega mehanizma in vsak posameznik preko obstoječega sistema pritožbenih postopkov. Nadzor, ki opozarja na nepravilnosti, ne dosega pa odprave nadaljnjih nedopustnih ravnanj, v svojem poslanstvu ni dovolj, da se usmerjeno in trajno zagotovi spoštovanje vseh temeljnih pravic in svoboščin ob policijskih pridržanjih. Policisti, katerim je država pod strogimi zakonskimi pogoji zaupala uporabo tako izjemnega pooblastila, se morajo zavedati nujnosti zagotavljanja človekovih pravic, izjemnosti vsakega postopka in potreb posameznika, ki se v takšnem postopku znajde.
Keywords:diplomske naloge, policijsko pridržanje, pridržanje, odvzem prostosti, nadzor nad pridržanji, človekove pravice
Year of publishing:2021
Year of performance:2021
Place of performance:Ljubljana
Publisher:[M. Radonjić]
Number of pages:VIII, 74 str.
Source:Ljubljana
UDC:351.741:342.7(043.2)
COBISS_ID:48642819 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:YRWRCKE5
Views:212
Downloads:55
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FVV
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Legal arrangement of police arrest and relevance of supervision on institute of arrest inrepublic of slovenia
Abstract:Detention is one of police powers, which seriously violates human rights and fundamental liberties in respect to deprivation of liberty. The paper outlines and presents records on police detention, in which suspects were detained by the police under certain conditions. We determined that detention is regulated by five different laws, related to diverse fields of work of the police, while the exercise of the power itself is determined in more detail in statutory instruments. The paper shows that, when exercising such a serious power, the police must consider many obligations arising from the legislation, while at the same time respecting human rights and instructions given by the police to its employees. Any deviations from the said instructions result in several types of inappropriate measures and offences committed by the police employee, while the human rights of the individual, subject to this procedure, may be violated. There are several types of detention, which differ in respect to different conditions for the exercise of this power, measures to be implemented, permissible duration and the implementation of the said power. As a national organ with many powers, which can be used to violate the rights of individuals, the police is subject to several forms of internal and external control. We stressed the necessity of judicial control over police detention as well as we highlighted the importance of an integrated external control, established by Ombudsman in the context of the national preventive mechanism and each individual through the existing complaint procedure system. The control, which only points to inappropriate measures and does not prevent any further unlawful conduct, cannot guarantee a directed and lasting respect of all fundamental rights and liberties in the event of police detention. Entrusted by the state with the exercise of such a power under strict conditions, police officers must be aware of how important and necessary it is to respect human rights, the exceptional nature of each procedure and the needs of the individual, subject to such a procedure.
Keywords:police detention, detention, deprivation of liberty, detention supervision, human rights


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