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Title:Demografska gibanja in vzdržna pokojninska reforma
Authors:Rogina, Anton (Author)
Festić, Mejra (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Rogina_Anton_2021.pdf (1,13 MB)
MD5: 20940CEED6E15AE3B8356112AEADE1D6
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:EPF - Faculty of Business and Economics
Abstract:V magistrskem delu predstavljamo demografska gibanja v Evropski uniji in Sloveniji ter analiziramo njihov vpliv pri sprejemanju pokojninskih reform v Sloveniji, katerih glavni namen je ohranjanje vzdržnosti pokojninskega sistema. Demografska gibanja se odražajo predvsem v podaljševanju pričakovanega trajanja življenja, kar neizogibno vodi do staranja prebivalstva. Ravno na omenjeno problematiko se osredotočamo v prvem sklopu magistrskega dela. V drugem sklopu pa se nato osredotočamo na predstavitev in opis pokojninskih sistemov na splošno ter ob tem še nekoliko podrobneje analiziramo pokojninski sistem in sprejete pokojninske reforme ter njihovo vzdržnost v Sloveniji. Ugotavljamo, da je za slovenski pokojninski sistem značilno, da temelji na medgeneracijski solidarnosti in da ga sestavljajo trije pokojninski stebri. Prvi pokojninski steber predstavlja obvezno pokojninsko in invalidsko zavarovanje, drugi steber dodatno pokojninsko zavarovanje in tretji steber razne oblike varčevanj za starost. Staranje prebivalstva povečuje javnofinančne izdatke, kar v ospredje postavlja izziv (dolgoročne) vzdržnosti pokojninskega sistema oziroma vzdržnosti samih pokojninskih reform. Tega so se odgovorni pri nas dobro zavedali in kmalu po osamosvojitvi so sprejeli prvo pokojninsko reformo ZPIZ (1992). Od takrat je prišlo do sprejetja še dveh pokojninskih reform, in sicer ZPIZ-1 (1999) ter ZPIZ-2 (2012). Podatki sicer kažejo, da je proces staranja prebivalstva v Sloveniji v zadnjih letih še posebej akuten, tako da bodo potrebne ponovne spremembe v okviru pokojninskega sistema v obliki nove pokojninske reforme, saj zadnja pokojninska reforma, sprejeta leta 2012, kmalu več ne bo učinkovala.
Keywords:demografska gibanja, staranje prebivalstva, Evropska unija, Slovenija, pokojninski sistem, pokojninska reforma.
Year of publishing:2021
Publisher:A. Rogina
Source:[Maribor
UDC:336.55:368.914
COBISS_ID:59432195 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:O6WQGZDM
Views:65
Downloads:11
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:EPF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:23.12.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Demographic Trends and Sustainable Pension Reform
Abstract:In the following master's thesis demographic trends in the European Union and Slovenia are presented together with the analyses of their impact on the adoption of pension reforms in Slovenia, the main purpose of which is to maintain the sustainability of the pension system. Demographic trends are mainly reflected in the increase in life expectancy, which inevitably leads to a population ageing. We focus on this issue in the first part of the master’s thesis. In the second part, we then focus on the presentation and description of pension systems in general, and at the same time we analyse the pension system and the passed pension reforms and their sustainability in Slovenia in a slightly more detailed way. It was established that the Slovenian pension system is based on intergenerational solidarity and that it consists of three pension pillars. The first pillar represents compulsory pension and disability insurance, the second pillar supplementary pension insurance and the third pillar various forms of old-age savings. The population ageing increases public expenditures, which brings to the fore of challenge of (long-term) sustainability of the pension system or the sustainability of pension reforms themselves. Those responsible in our country were well aware of this and soon after independence they passed the first pension reform ZPIZ (1992). Since then, two more pension reforms have been passed, namely ZPIZ-1 (1999) and ZPIZ-2 (2012). What is shown by the data is that the population ageing process in Slovenia has been particularly acute in recent years, so that new changes will be needed within the pension system in the form of a new pension reform, as the last pension reform, passes in 2012, will soon have no effect.
Keywords:demographic trends, population ageing, European Union, Slovenia, pension system, pension reform.


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