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Title:Early spread of COVID-19 in Romania: imported cases from Italy and human-to-human transmission networks
Authors:ID Hâncean, Marian-Gabriel (Author)
ID Perc, Matjaž (Author)
ID Lerner, Jürgen (Author)
Files:.pdf Royal_Society_Open_Science_2020_Hâncean,_Perc,_Lerner_Early_spread_of_COVID-19_in_Romania_imported_cases_from_Italy_and_human-to-human.pdf (668,62 KB)
MD5: DA174891912BFD0581C3141DF18AB7E6
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/65a3fb67-d089-4829-a939-4911fb5e0eb8
URL https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.200780#d1e674
Work type:Unknown
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FNM - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
Abstract:We describe the early spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and the first human-to-human transmission networks, in Romania. We profiled the first 147 cases referring to sex, age, place of residence, probable country of infection, return day to Romania, COVID-19 confirmation date and the probable modes of COVID-19 transmissions. Also, we analysed human-to-human transmission networks and explored their structural features and time dynamics. In Romania, local cycles of transmission were preceded by imported cases, predominantly from Italy. We observed an average of 4.8 days (s.d. = 4.0) between the arrival to a Romanian county and COVID-19 confirmation. Furthermore, among the first 147 COVID-19 patients, 88 were imported cases (64 carriers from Italy), 54 were domestic cases, while for five cases the source of infection was unknown. The early human-to-human transmission networks illustrated a limited geographical dispersion, the presence of super-spreaders and the risk of COVID-19 nosocomial infections. COVID-19 occurred in Romania through case importation from Italy. The largest share of the Romanian diaspora is concentrated especially in the northern parts of Italy, heavily affected by COVID-19. Human mobility (including migration) accounts for the COVID-19 transmission and it should be given consideration while tailoring prevention measures.
Keywords:coronavirus, COVID-19, transmission networks, human mobility, migration, nosocomial infections
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year of publishing:2020
Number of pages:str. 1-8
Numbering:Letn. 7, Št. 7
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-78378 New window
ISSN on article:2054-5703
COBISS.SI-ID:23504131 New window
DOI:10.1098/rsos.200780 New window
Publication date in DKUM:16.12.2020
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Royal Society open science
Publisher:The Royal Society
COBISS.SI-ID:3219791 New window

Document is financed by a project

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:J4-9302
Name:Raziskave medceličnih komunikacij v večceličnih skupnostih različnih izolatov bakterije iz rodu Bacillus

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:J1-9112
Name:Kvantna lokalizacija v kaotičnih sistemih

Funder:ARRS - Slovenian Research Agency
Project number:P1-0403
Name:Računsko intenzivni kompleksni sistemi


License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:16.12.2020

Secondary language

Keywords:koronavirus, COVID-19, omrežja prenosov, mobilnost ljudi, migracije, infekcijske bolezni


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