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Title:Značilnosti spanja študentov v obdobju uradno razglašene epidemije Covid-19 v Sloveniji: vloga spalne higiene
Authors:Vrečko Pizzulin, Vesna (Author)
Štukovnik, Vita (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Horvat, Marina (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf MAG_Vrecko_Pizzulin_Vesna_2020.pdf (1,47 MB)
MD5: 673DBDA0AF857A4410DCB2C3647CF43B
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Epidemija nalezljive bolezni COVID-19 je spomladi 2020 v Sloveniji ogrozila javno zdravje in zaradi ukrepov za zamejitev širitve virusa povzročila nepričakovano spremembo življenja in delovanje posameznikov. Namen naloge je bil proučiti: 1) spanje študentov v Sloveniji v času prvega vala epidemije nalezljive bolezni COVID-19, 2) ali higiena spanja napoveduje splošno kakovost spanja med študenti v času epidemije. Raziskava, v kateri je sodelovalo 541 študentov, je bila sestavljena iz prečne (N = 541) in dnevniške študije (n = 35). Udeleženci (80 % žensk, 18,9 % moških, 0,2 % neopredeljeno; povprečna starost 22,08 let, razpon 19–29) so v prečni študiji odgovorili na sklop z zdravjem in spremembo spanja povezanih vprašanj ter na Pittsburški vprašalnik kakovosti spanja (PSQI), Vprašalnik depresivnosti, anksioznosti in stresa (DASS-21) ter Indeks higiene spanja (SHI). V dnevniški študiji pa so 9 dni zaporedoma izpolnjevali dnevnik spanja. Rezultati so pokazali, da so študentje v času epidemije spali povprečno 7,5 ur, poročali so o izboljšanju, poslabšanju ali ohranitvi dolžine spanja, urejenosti ritma budnosti – spanja, kakovosti spanja in dnevnih počitkov; urejenost ritma budnosti – spanja je vidik, ki je utrpel največje poslabšanje med študenti. Udeleženci, ki so poročali o poslabšanju ali skrajšanju, v katerem od omenjenih vidikov, so izkazovali statistično značilno slabšo higieno spanja, splošno kakovost spanja in višjo depresivno, stresno in anksiozno simptomatiko v primerjavi z udeleženci, ki o poslabšanju niso poročali. Hkrati so rezultati multiple regresije pokazali, da higiena spanja napoveduje splošno kakovost spanja. Prispevek kaže, da so študentje v času epidemije COVID-19 doživeli tako pozitivne kot negativne spremembe v spanju. Med drugim smo osvetlili ranljivost posameznikov, ki so poročali o poslabšanju spanja ter izpostavili, da bi higiena spanja lahko bila možna veljavna intervenca za dosego zdravega spanja med študenti v času epidemije.
Keywords:spanje, COVID-19, higiena spanja, študenti, sprememba spanja
Year of publishing:2020
Publisher:[V. Vrečko Pizzulin]
Source:Maribor
UDC:159.963.2-057.875:616-036.21(043.2)
COBISS_ID:45741827 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:7OEFMECQ
Views:301
Downloads:136
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:15.11.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Sleep characteristics among students during the period of officially declared epidemic Covid-19 in Slovenia: the role of sleep hygiene
Abstract:The COVID-19 epidemic endangered public health in Slovenia in spring of 2020. Measures to limit the spread of the virus caused an unprecedented change in the lives of individuals. The objective of the study was to examine: 1) the sleep of students in Slovenia during the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic, and 2) whether sleep hygiene predicts the quality of sleep among students during the epidemic. A two-part study with 541 student participants was conducted: a cross-sectional study (N = 541) and a diary study (N = 35). The participants (80 % women, 18.9 % men, 0.2 % another gender; mean age 22.08, range 19–29) responded to health and sleep-related change specific questions, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Questionnaire (PSQI), Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and Sleep Hygiene Index (SHI). In the diary study, the participants kept a sleep diary for 9 consecutive days. During the epidemic, the students reported 7.5 hours as the average sleep duration. Furthermore, students' reports covered improvement, deterioration, or maintenance of sleep duration, sleep regularity, sleep quality, and napping; sleep regularity is the aspect that has suffered the greatest deterioration among the research group. Participants who reported deterioration or shortening in any of the aforementioned aspects of sleep, exhibited statistically significantly worse sleep hygiene, lower sleep quality, and higher depressive, stress, and anxiety symptoms compared to participants who did not report deterioration. A multiple regression analysis revealed that sleep hygiene predicts general sleep quality. The results indicate that students experienced both positive and negative changes in sleep during the COVID-19 epidemic in spring of 2020. Moreover, the vulnerability of individuals who reported sleep deterioration was highlighted. Sleep hygiene could be a valid intervention aimed at mitigating negative changes in sleep due to the COVID-19 epidemic and could promote healthy sleep among students.
Keywords:sleep, COVID-19, sleep hygiene, university students, change of sleep


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