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Title:Različni načini vzdrževanja tal medvrstnega prostora v sadovnjaku
Authors:ID Leskovšek, Barbara (Author)
ID Tojnko, Stanislav (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Leskovsek_Barbara_2020.pdf (770,78 KB)
MD5: 8626553643ECFDFFD05DB5C797BC9F79
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/8beb0fbb-526d-431c-955e-a52e9aae7348
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FKBV - Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Abstract:Poskus smo izvajali na Univerzitetnem kmetijskem centru Pohorski dvor (v nadaljevanju UKC), od leta 2017 do 2019. UKC spada pod Fakulteto za kmetijstvo in biosistemske vede. Poskus je bil izveden v okviru projekta CRP (Ciljni raziskovalni programi) in se imenuje Vpliv vzdrževanja negovane ledine na botanično sestavo negovane ledine in pridelek v nasadih jablan. V nasadu sort 'Gala' in 'Pinova' je bilo vključenih osem obravnavanj. Prvo obravnavanje (V1) je zajemalo standardno mulčenje z rotacijskim mulčenjem petkrat letno in dognojevanje z dušikom (v nadaljevanju N). Drugo obravnavanje (V2) je zajemalo enkrat mulčenje spomladi, trikrat valjanje v poletnem času, enkrat mulčenje jeseni in dognojevanje z N. Tretje obravnavanje (V3) je potekalo z dvakratnim valjanjem spomladi, dvakratnim mulčenjem poleti (jeseni) in dognojevanjem z N. Četrto obravnavanje (V4) je zajemalo dvakrat mulčenje spomladi (v začetku poletja) in dvakrat valjanje (poleti in v začetku jeseni) ter dognojevanje z N. Peto obravnavanje (V5) je zajemalo V1, vendar brez dodatnega dognojevanja z N, šesto obravnavanje (V6) pa V2 in brez dodatnega dognojevanja z N. Sedmo obravnavanje (V7) je vključevalo V3 brez dodatnega dognojevanja z N, osmo obravnavanje (V8) pa V4 brez dodatnega dognojevanja z N. Po obiranju smo analizirali količino pridelka in parametre notranje kakovosti plodov. Rezultati so pokazali, da sta obravnavanji V2 in V3 dosegli najvišji pridelek, medtem ko je bil le-ta najnižji pri obravnavanju V1. Različni načini oskrbe tal obeh sort v letu 2018 in 2019 na notranjo kakovost plodov niso imeli značilnega vpliva.
Keywords:sadovnjak / obdelava tal / medvrstni prostor / valjanje / mulčenje
Place of publishing:Maribor
Year of publishing:2020
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-77799 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:Q3NLERXP
Publication date in DKUM:25.09.2020
Views:1594
Downloads:136
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FKBV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:15.09.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Different ways of soil maintenance in an inter-row orchard space
Abstract:The experiment was performed at the University Agricultural Center Pohorski dvor (hereinafter UKC), from 2017 to 2019. UKC belongs to the Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences. The experiment was carried out within the CRP project (Targeted Research Programs) and is called Influence of cultivated fallow land maintenance on the botanical composition of cultivated fallow land and yield in apple orchards. Eight treatments were included in the ‘Gala’ and ‘Pinova’ plantation. The first treatment (V1) included standard mulching with rotary mulching five times a year and top-dressing with nitrogen (hereinafter N). The second treatment (V2) included once mulching in spring, three times rolling in summer, once mulching in autumn and top dressing with N. The third treatment (V3) was done with double rolling in spring, double mulching in summer (autumn) and top dressing with N. The fourth reading (V4) included mulching twice; in spring (early summer) and rolling twice (summer and early autumn) and top-dressing with N. The fifth reading (V5) covered V1, but without additional top-dressing with N, and the sixth reading included (V6) V2 and no additional top dressing with N. The seventh treatment (V7) included V3 without additional top dressing with N, and the eighth treatment (V8) included V4 without additional top dressing with N. After harvesting, we analyzed the yield and internal fruit quality parameters. The results showed that treatments V2 and V3 achieved the highest yield, while it was the lowest in treatment V1. The different soil care methods of both varieties in 2018 and 2019 did not have a significant impact on the internal quality of the fruit.
Keywords:orchard / tillage / inter-row space / rolling / mulching


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