|Abstract:||The master thesis focuses on the selected narrative works and poetry of the Slovene writer Janez Mencinger in the aspect of ecocriticism. The theoretical part of the thesis outlines ecocriticism as a literary discipline with an emphasis on the concepts of nature, anthropocentrism and the relationships that man establishes with the environment, animals and plants. The analytical part of the thesis encompasses ten genre-different narrative works by Mencinger (Abadon, Moja hoja na Triglav, Varaždinske toplice, Jerica, Zlato pa sir, Bore mladost, Skušnjave in skušnje, Mešana gospoda, Meniški spomini and Cmokavzar in Ušperna). Additionally, we have analysed eight of his poems (Kaznjena kletev, Plačilo sveta, Presajena rožica, Kolikor glav, toliko misli, Bolje drži ga, kot lovi ga!, Ticam!, Studencu and Življenje) and two articles (O živalstvu and Domorodna pisma). Based on the developed model for the ecocritical analysis of narrative texts both at the level of content and linguo-stylistic level, the relationships, which literary characters and the narrator establish with the environment, animals and plants, are investigated. Nature-related motifs and themes are analyzed, as well as ideological images of nature. Based on the descriptions of nature, the status and voice of nature are also presented. At the linguistic style level, the thesis covers similia, metaphors, epithets and idioms from nature. It also addresses the question of how different literary genres and types influence the depictions of nature.
The results of the analysis led to the belief that Mencinger can be at least partly seen as an environmental writer. Although most of his works reflect or establish an anthropocentric attitude towards nature, the environment, animals and plants, both at the level of content and linguo-stylistic level, his works offer the reader many starting points for thinking about their attitude towards nature. The selected works are namely addressing issues such as exploitation of natural resources to achieve technological progress, the exploitation of animals and plants, the establishment of ownership of nature, etc. At the level of content, anthropocentrism in the thesis strengthens the writer's urge to exploit natural resources and thus technological progress. The writer establishes an ownership relationship with nature and a hierarchical relationship between animals and humans, which is most clearly supported by advocating hunting. Additionally, the writer measures the value of plants from a human point of view, which means that plants are valued based on their nutritional and medicinal function. From the content point of view, anthropocentrism in selected works is also consolidated with symbolic images of nature. At the linguo-stylistic level, the anthropocentric stand is supported by similia, epithets, metaphors and idioms from nature. Anthropocentric ethics places nature, the environment, animals and plants in the position of the Other and assigns them the status of an object. During the analysis of the selected works, we have also found some places where nature has the status of a subject, namely when the writer describes natural phenomena such as storm, thunder, hail, etc., because then nature speaks with its own voice. One of the most obvious deviations from the anthropocentric stand was observed in the fictional character Melkijad in the travelogue Moja hoja na Triglav. Melkijad ascribes the same value to all plant species. At this point, we can talk about a propensity for biocentrism. We have also discovered that depictions of nature are influenced by literary genres, namely by their structural characteristics and scope.|