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Title:Vpliv interakcije različnih načinov gnojenja in tipov rezi na rodnost jablan (Malus domestica B.) sorte 'Gala' v klimatskih pogojih leta 2018
Authors:ID Završnik, Urška (Author)
ID Tojnko, Stanislav (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
ID Unuk, Tatjana (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf VS_Zavrsnik_Urska_2020.pdf (541,33 KB)
MD5: 31055B56316D5FA8D5980318E5B69D1A
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/73cb6bc5-ea02-4fde-ae86-715ccc6f4f59
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FKBV - Faculty of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Abstract:V diplomskem delu smo ugotavljali vpliv različnih načinov gnojenja in rezi na količino in kakovost plodov ter rast jablan sorte 'Gala'. Poskus je potekal na posestvu Fakultete za kmetijstvo in biosistemske vede v Hočah pri Mariboru. V poskus smo vključili 5 obravnavanj, in sicer gnojenje z gnojilom kalijev amonnitrat (KAN), gnojenje z gnojilom apneni dušik, gnojenje s kombinacijo gnojil KAN + mleti apnenec, gnojenje s kombinacijo gnojil KAN + kompost in aktivatorjev tal PRP SOL + PRP EBV, nazadnje smo uporabili še kombinacijo gnojil KAN + kompost. Vsa obravnavanja smo izvedli v kombinaciji z dolgo in kratko rezjo. Pri dolgi rezi smo izrezali močne poganjke tik ob osnovi, pri kratki rezi smo pustili 3 cm dolge čepe. Dolga rez je v kombinaciji z gnojenjem z gnojili KAN + mleti apnenec pozitivno vplivala na število plodov 1. kakovostnega razreda in na bujnost rasti, medtem ko je kratka rez dala najboljše rezultate glede števila plodov 1. kakovostnega razreda v kombinaciji z gnojenjem z gnojili KAN + kompost. Na topno suho snov je imelo pozitiven vpliv obravnavanje, kjer smo kombinaciji gnojil KAN + kompost dodali še aktivatorje tal PRP SOL + PRP EBV, medtem ko je imela kombinacija gnojil KAN + mleti apnenec pozitiven vpliv na hitrost zorenja, vrednoteno preko škrobnega indeksa.
Keywords:jablana, 'Gala', gnojenje, rez, pridelek
Place of publishing:Maribor
Year of publishing:2020
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-77574 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:XQWPXWOI
Publication date in DKUM:29.09.2020
Views:936
Downloads:89
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FKBV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:03.09.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The interaction impact of different fertilization methods and pruning types on 'gala' apples (malus domestica b.) productivity in climatic conditions of the year 2018
Abstract:In the diploma work we determined the influence of different methods of fertilization and pruning on the quantity and quality of yield and the growth of apple varietie 'Gala' trees. The experiment took place on the property of the Faculty of Agriculture in Life Sciences in Hoče near Maribor. The experiment included 5 treatments, namely fertilization with potassium ammonitrate (KAN) fertilizer, fertilization with lime nitrogen fertilizer, fertilization with a combination of KAN fertilizers + ground limestone, fertilization with a combination of KAN + compost fertilizers and soil activators PRP SOL + PRP EBV, and finally we also used a combination of KAN + compost fertilizers. All treatments were performed in combination with long and short pruning. In the case of a long pruning, strong shoots were remowed in the base, and in the case of a short pruning, 3 cm long plugs were left. Long pruning in combination with fertilization with KAN fertilizers + ground limestone had a positive effect on the number of fruits of the 1st quality class on lush growth, while the short prun gave the best results in terms of the number of fruits of 1st quality class in combination with fertilization with KAN + compost. The soluble dry matter was positively affected by the treatment, where we added soil activators PRP SOL + PRP EBV to the KAN + compost fertilizer, while the combination of KAN + ground lime fertilizer had a positive effect on the maturation rate evaluated via starch index.
Keywords:apple tree, 'Gala', fertilisation, prunning, yield


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