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Title:Delati znamo – kaj pa počivati?: Okrevanje po delu z vidika psiholoških izkustev in endokrinega delovanja ter njegov pomen pri razvoju izgorelosti
Authors:Sopčić, Barbara (Author)
Tement, Sara (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Sopcic_Barbara_2020.pdf (2,46 MB)
MD5: 46BD68F74DA5B55CEDD8E3F7A9CE0350
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Stres in obremenitve sta stalna spremljevalca sodobnih delovnih mest, zato je poleg veščin in znanja za uspešno delo potrebno tudi hitro in učinkovito obnavljanje energije, zmanjševanje obremenjenosti ter pridobivanje novih virov. Ta proces obnavljanja, ki poteka na psihofiziološki ravni, imenujemo okrevanje oz. počitek po delu. V tej prečni raziskavi smo preučevali, kako posamezne izkušnje in vzorci počitka po delu prispevajo k razvoju spočitosti, zmanjšanju utrujenosti, kvaliteti spanca in spremembam v endokrinem delovanju ter kakšna je vloga kvalitete počitka pri razvoju dolgotrajnejših izidov kot je izgorelost. V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 49 delovno aktivnih pisarniških delavcev, zaposlenih v večjem slovenskem storitvenem podjetju. Psihološki vidiki okrevanja so bili ocenjevani s pomočjo baterije samoocenjevalnih vprašalnikov, raven hormona kortizola pa smo vzorčili z odjemom sline, kjer je bilo v skladu s smernicami upoštevanih več kontrolnih spremenljivk. Rezultati regresijskih analiz so pokazali, da psihološka izkustva okrevanja pomembno določajo raven utrujenosti in spočitosti, obenem pa višja raven doživljanja raznolikih psiholoških izkustev okrevanja v času po delu podpira običajno endokrino delovanje, zaznano v jasno doseženem vrhu in jutranjemu odzivu kortizola. Dodatno smo s pomočjo analize latentnih profilov na vzorcu identificirali štiri različne profile okrevanja po delu, kjer je najpogostejši profil »spočiti – problemsko usmerjeno vpeti v delo« (34,7 %). Počitek po delu je pokazal pomembno vlogo tudi pri izgorelosti in njenih sekundarnih simptomih, kjer izstopata predvsem občutek spretnosti ter afektivna ruminacija, ki kot mediatorja predstavljata ključen varovalni dejavnik in dejavnik tveganja. Z upoštevanjem izraženosti izgorelosti smo osvetlili polemiko t. i. adrenalne izgorelosti, kjer rezultati sugerirajo, da pojava izgorelosti ne spremlja zmanjšano delovanje endokrine osi hipotalamus-hipofiza-nadledvična žleza, medtem ko določena odstopanja v parametrih kortizola lahko zaznamo pri tistih z izraženimi atipičnimi simptomi (psihološki distres, psihosomatske težave in depresivno razpoloženje). Z raziskavo smo pridobili nekatere pomembne iztočnice, ki kažejo, da je za zaposlene, ki se soočajo z izgorelostjo ključno doseganje sprememb v poteku počitka po delu, s čimer poglavnitna skrb delodajalcev postane ne le razvijanje sposobnosti za delo, temveč tudi spodbujanje in nadgrajevanje veščin ustreznega počitka po delu.
Keywords:okrevanje po delu, miselni odklop od dela, občutek spretnosti, kortizol izgorelost
Year of publishing:2020
Publisher:[B. Sopčić]
Source:Maribor
UDC:159.944.4:331.442(043.2)
COBISS_ID:24746243 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:UGFGXIDG
Views:444
Downloads:130
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:03.07.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Working comes easy, but what about rest?: Recovery from Work, with Reference to Psychological Experiences and Endocrine Function and its Significance in the Development of Burnout
Abstract:Stress and strain are closely associated with contemporary workplaces; therefore, alongside work skills and knowledge one possesses, one also needs to quickly and efficiently renew energy, reduce strain and regain new resources. This recovery process, taking place on a psychophysiological level, is called rest or recovery after work. This cross-section study examined how individual experiences and patterns of rest after work contribute to the development of relaxation, reduced fatigue, sleep quality and changes in endocrine function, and what is the role of quality rest in the surfacing of longer-term issues such as burnout. The research included 49 white-collar employees from a major Slovenian service company. Psychological aspects of recovery were assessed with the self-assessment questionnaire battery, while levels of cortisol were detected by saliva samples, where several control variables were considered according to the guidelines. The results of the regression analysis showed that psychological experience of recovery crucially decides the level of fatigue and relaxation, while the higher experience level of diverse psychological recovery situations in the time after work supports the regular endocrine function, detected in cortisol awakening response. Additionally, with the help of latent profile analysis, we identified four different recovery profiles, where the most common profile is “rested – problem-oriented rumminators” (34,7 %). Recovery after work showed a crucial role also in burnout and its secondary symptoms, where the two stand outs are mastery experience and affective rumination, which as mediators represent crucial protective and risk factors. Taking into account the severity of burnout, we shed light on the polemic of so called adrenal fatigue, where the results indicate that the phenomenon of burnout is not accompanied by the attenuated function of endocrine hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, while certain deviations in cortisol parameters can be detected in those with pronounced atypical symptoms (psychological distress, psychosomatic complaints and depressed mood). This study gathered some crucial cues showing that achieving changes in recovery after work is crucial for the employees facing burnout. Employers must therefore not only provide an environment where employees can develop and upgrade work skills, but also where workers' skills for adequate recovery after work are promoted and enhanced.
Keywords:recovery after work, psychological detachment from work, mastery experience, cortisol, burnout


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