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Title:Uporaba vizualnih urnikov v prilagojen programu za predšolske otroke
Authors:ID Simonič, Monika (Author)
ID Globačnik, Bojana (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Simonic_Monika_2020.pdf (1,55 MB)
MD5: 7A9ADE34D96C000CD67AFD3054DC6148
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/9ee7d485-c87f-4b47-9d94-f23bfe41141a
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:Otroci se naučijo živeti v mejah svojih motenj, a zato potrebujejo individualen načrt obravnave. Za uspešno delo je treba izbrati ustrezne pristope in metode dela. V teoretičnem delu je predstavljena tematika otrok s posebnimi potrebami v predšolskem obdobju. Poudarek je na strukturiranem poučevanju po metodi TEACCH, v okviru katere se osredotočamo na fizično ureditev prostora, sisteme aktivnosti, vizualno strukturirane naloge in strukturiranje časa (rutine in urniki). V empiričnem delu ugotavljamo vpliv vizualnih urnikov na prilagodljivost, izkazovanje tesnobnosti, razvoj socialnih veščin, komunikacije in samostojnosti otrok z različnimi vrstami ter stopnjami motenj, ovir oz. primanjkljajev, vključenih v prilagojen program za predšolske otroke na Centru za sluh in govor Maribor. Opazovani otroci so v osnovi imeli težave različnih stopenj na govorno-jezikovnem področju, hkrati pa pridružene še nekatere primanjkljaje, ovire oz. motnje (sum na motnje avtističnega spektra, motnje v duševnem razvoju, dolgotrajna bolezen, gibalna oviranost). Rezultati so pokazali, da je bila vpeljava vizualnih urnikov v oddelek prilagojenega programa za predšolske otroke učinkovita, saj so otroci v veliki večini napredovali na vseh petih opazovanih področjih.
Keywords:otroci s posebnimi potrebami, prilagojen program za predšolske otroke, strukturirano poučevanje, vizualni urnik.
Place of publishing:Maribor
Publisher:[M. Simonič]
Year of publishing:2020
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-76667 New window
UDC:373.2.091.3:376(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:24762371 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:HXMVF9MK
Publication date in DKUM:10.08.2020
Views:1477
Downloads:245
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PEF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:18.06.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The Use of Visual Timetables in Preschool Programme for Children with Special Needs
Abstract:Generally, children with special needs learn to live with their disabilities. However, much of their success at it can be attributed to being individually treated by a professional, who chooses methods and approach suitable to their needs. The theoretical part of the paper presents the subject of children with special needs in the preschool age. The emphasis is on structured teaching based on TEACCH Method which involves the physical arrangement of space, consistency of activities, visually structured tasks, and the scheduling of time through routines and timetables. The empirical part examines the effects of visual timetables on the adaptability, manifestation of anxiety, development of social skills and communication, and the level of independence of children who are included in the adjusted program for preschool children at the Centre for Hearing and Speech Maribor and who all have different disorders and disabilities. All the monitored children have different speech and hearing problems, and some also some other ones such as the possibility of autistic spectrum disorder, mental development disorder, long-term disease, physical disability. The implementation of visual timetables had positive effects since most children showed progress in all the five observed areas.
Keywords:children with special needs, adjusted programme for preschool children, structured teaching, visual timetable.


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