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Title:Športna prehrana in zbijanje kilogramov v borilnih veščinah: analiza judoistov
Authors:Sedej, Aljaž (Author)
Rotovnik Kozjek, Nada (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Sedej_Aljaz_2020.pdf (728,81 KB)
MD5: 6C850D818503D8A289676EE36A3E60F6
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:Športna prehrana je v vrhunskem športu eden od ključnih dejavnikov, ki vodijo do vrhunskega rezultata. Brez ustrezne športne prehrane lahko pride do prehitrega konca športne kariere zaradi poškodbe, v večini primerov pa slaba prehrana vrhunskega športnika vpliva na njegove rezultate. Dva od ključnih elementov športne prehrane sta načrt prehranjevanja športnika in regeneracija športnika po treningu ali tekmi. Judo je šport, pri katerem imajo vrhunski športniki veliko težav z vzdrževanjem teže. Te težave se pojavljajo že v starostni kategoriji kadetov (od 15 do 17 let), ko tekmovalci začnejo nastopati v evropskih pokalih in se njihova želja po doseganju rezultatov in dokazovanju bistveno poveča. Ključni problem, ki judoiste vedno znova pripelje do tega, da tik pred tekmo izgubljajo težo, je slaba vsakodnevna športna prehrana. Športna prehrana mora biti prilagojena vsakemu tekmovalcu posebej, saj imajo tekmovalci različne okuse, prav tako pa tudi njihova telesa delujejo na različne načine. Prehranjevalni načrt mora biti pripravljen za različna obdobja, temeljiti pa mora tako na analizi športnikove prehrane kot nadzoru nad dodatki k prehrani (Książek, Kopeća & Słowińska-Lisowska, 2014). Tako kot v večini borilnih športov tudi pri judu tekmovalci tik pred tekmo izgubljajo veliko količino kilogramov, predvsem z omejitvijo zaužite hrane in tekočine. Judoisti temu ne rečejo dieta, saj nimajo namena dolgoročno izgubiti nekaj kilogramov, temveč takemu početju rečejo »zbijanje« (ang. weight cutting). Ko judoisti uporabijo besedo zbijanje, mislijo na izgubo teže v nekaj dneh, in sicer s pomočjo različnih metod, ki pospešijo izgubo vode. Večina judoistov tako na primer uporablja finsko savno z namenom izgube dodatne teže. Med judoisti je precej priljubljena tudi »savna suit«, trenirka, ki je na notranji strani obložena s folijo in ne prepušča zraka, kar pospeši in poveča znojenje med aktivnostjo. Takšno zbijanje kilogramov se pojavlja pri večini borilnih veščin, pri katerih so skupine razdeljene na različne težinske kategorije, za tekmovalce pa je tovrstno zbijanje teže nekaj povsem običajnega (Antonio & Stout, 2001). V zadnjem času so v judu precej popularni dodatki k prehrani, vendar njihovega jemanja ne priporočajo strokovnjaki za športno prehrano, temveč se zanje športniki odločijo sami.
Keywords:športna prehrana, zbijanje kilogramov, sindrom RED-S, borilna veščina, judo.
Year of publishing:2020
Publisher:[A. Sedej]
Source:Maribor
UDC:796.853.23:613.2(043.2)
COBISS_ID:28720643 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:54XB4BR3
Views:254
Downloads:65
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PEF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:12.06.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Sports nutrition and weight cutting in martial arts: judo
Abstract:Sports nutrition in elite sport is one of the key pieces of the puzzle, which significantly contributes to the final result. Not having a proper sports nutrition can lead to an early end to a sports career due to injury, but most often a top athlete’s poor nutrition affects their results. One of the key elements of sports nutrition is the athlete's nutrition plan and the athlete's regeneration after a training session or match. Judo is a sport where top athletes have a lot of difficulty maintaining their weight, which starts with the age category of cadets (ages 15 to 17), when competitors begin to compete in European championships and their desire to achieve results and prove themselves is significantly increased. A key problem due to which judokas keep losing weight right before a match is their poor daily diet. Sports nutrition has to be tailored to each competitor separately, as each competitor has a different taste and their body acts and reacts differently. A nutrition plan has to be prepared for different periods and be based on the analysis of the athlete's nutrition and supervision of food supplements (Książek, Kopeća and Słowińska-Lisowska, 2014). As in most martial arts, in Judo, athletes lose many kilograms right before a match, especially by restricting food and fluid intake. Judokas do not call this a diet, because they do not intend to lose a few kilograms in the long run, but weight cutting. When judokas use the word cutting, they think of losing weight in a couple of days with the help of various factors that accelerate water loss. Most judokas use the Finnish sauna to lose additional weight. A sauna suit is also quite popular among judokas. It is a tracksuit lined with foil on the inside and air-tight, which speeds up and increases sweating during physical activity. This method of weight cutting, which is something completely normal for competitors, is used in most martial arts, where classes are divided by weight (Antonio and Stout, 2001). Food supplements have been quite popular in Judo lately; however, they are not recommended by sports nutrition experts, but they are the choice of athletes.
Keywords:sports nutrition, weight cutting, red syndrome, martial art, judo.


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