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Title:Zavržena hrana kot biološki odpadek
Authors:Jordan, Aljoša (Author)
Maletič, Matjaž (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Jordan_Aljosa_2020.pdf (2,00 MB)
MD5: 32832218C2A9FF6FB3619CCD124BB082
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FOV - Faculty of Organizational Sciences in Kranj
Abstract:V magistrskem delu smo poskušali s pomočjo raziskave ugotoviti razloge za zavrženo hrano in količino le-te. Na osnovi spletne ankete o zavrženi hrani v slovenskih gospodinjstvih je bila v magistrskem delu opravljena statistična analiza o odnosu in vplivu različnih dejavnikov, ki jih povezujemo s količino zavržene hrane. V teoretičnem delu smo najprej spoznali problematiko zavržene hrane, kar smo podkrepili z lastno spletno anketo. Z uporabo statističnih metod ANOVA in hi-kvadrat smo analizirali podane odgovore, iz katerih smo pridobiti grobo oceno o količini zavržene hrane v slovenskih gospodinjstvih in o njihovih načinih ravnanja s hrano. Ključni rezultati opravljene analize so pokazali, da se povprečna vrednost zavrženih prehrambnih proizvodov na mesec razlikuje glede na mesečni dohodek gospodinjstva. Največ anketiranih, kar 64,2 %, na mesec, zavrže za manj kot 10 €, 26,4 % anketiranih pa je ovrednotilo znesek med 10 € in 20 €. Prav tako prihaja do razlik v povprečnem mnenju o problematiki prevelikih količin zavržene hrane glede na starostne skupine. Skoraj 70 % anketiranih se zaveda problematike o količini zavržene hrane in temu primerno tudi ustrezno ravna. Kljub zavedanju pa je analiza rezultatov pokazala, da v povprečju anketiranci zavržejo med 4,59 in 8,52 kg hrane na mesec, kar na letni ravni znaša med 55 in 102 kg hrane. Do te količine pride zaradi razlogov, kot so pokvarjeni proizvodi, pretečen rok uporabe, preobsežen nakup proizvodov, nakup proizvodov, ki niso dobrega okusa, in preveliko pakiranje. Podali smo tudi predloge, s katerimi bi lahko obstoječe stanje in razmere nekoliko izboljšali ter dolgoročno izboljšali tudi kakovost življenja, saj količine zavržene hrane vplivajo tako na okoljsko problematiko, kot so npr. emisije CO2, ter tudi na medčloveške odnose (doniranje hrane). Predlogi, ki smo jih izpostavili, so: osebno pakiranje v recikliranih embalažah za proizvode, pri katerih je to mogoče, razširitev doniranja hrane, javno merjenje količin zavržene hrane, obveščanje javnosti ter uporaba in nadgradnja postavljenega modela ravnanja s hrano.
Keywords:zavržena, hrana, gospodinjstva, odpadek, CO2
Year of publishing:2020
Source:Maribor
COBISS_ID:36360195 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:TVEEF8VL
Views:144
Downloads:31
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FOV
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Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:08.06.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Food waste as a biological household waste
Abstract:The following thesis aims to determine the reasons for discarding food and the amount of food waste based upon the findings of the empirical survey. The drawing upon the large-scale online survey of discarded food in Slovenian households was performed by a statistical analysis of the relationship and the impact of different factors on the generated amount of food waste. In the theoretical part, the thesis outlines the general food waste problem as identified in the literature. Subsequently, the survey was conducted to obtain the insights into the household waste behaviours among a randomly selected sample. Using statistical methods ANOVA and Chi-square, we analyzed given answers, from which we obtained a rough estimate of food waste in Slovenian households and their way of handling food. Key results of the analysis showed that the average value of discarded food products per month differ depending on the monthly income per household. Most of the respondents, as much as 64,2 %, reject for less than € 10 each month, while 26,4 % of respondents evaluate this amount between € 10 and € 20. Also, there are differences in the average opinion on the issue of discarded too much food according to age groups. Almost 70 % of respondents are aware of the problem of food waste and accordingly also of their proper food treatment. Despite awareness, however, the analysis of the results showed that on average respondents discard between 4,59 and 8,52 kg of food per month, which amounts to an annual level between 55 and 102 kg of food. This quantity occurs for reasons such as defective products, expired shelf life, too extensive purchase of products, buying bigger packaging because it is cheaper, and buying products which have different taste than expected. We also have given suggestions which would improve the existing situation and in long term also the quality of life since the amount of discarded foods affects both: environmental issues (for example, CO2 emissions) as well as human relations (food donation). Suggestions that have been highlighted are: personal packaging in recycled packaging for products where it is possible, expansion of food donation, public measurement of food waste, publicity, and the use and upgrading of the presented “food behaviour“ model.
Keywords:discarded, food, households, waste, CO2


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