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Title:Prispevek sodobnih znanstvenih spoznanj k učinkovitejšemu vodenju kognitivnega intervjuja
Authors:ID Jereb, Karmen (Author)
Files:.pdf 01_C_Jereb_rV_2015-4.pdf (557,67 KB)
MD5: B6ABB56126D519C178B9075AD70BAA44
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/5b9b908b-275c-4673-a8cd-cfd944daefd8
 
URL https://www.fvv.um.si/rV/arhiv/2015-4/01_C_Jereb_rV_2015-4.html
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Scientific work
Typology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Namen prispevka: Namen tega prispevka je predstaviti nekatere novejše ugotovitve in znanstvena spoznanja o preiskovalnem intervjuvanju, kot jih uporabljajo v tujini. V prispevku je predstavljena izboljšana različica kognitivnega intervjuja (angl. enhanced cognitive interview – ECI). Gre za eno najbolj znanih in široko uporabljanih tehnik za pridobivanje informacij od kooperativnih prič in žrtev kaznivih dejanj. V Veliki Britaniji je temelj trenutnega modela preiskovalnega intervjuja PEACE, o njem pa se izobražujejo tako na novo zaposleni policisti kot strokovnjaki za izvajanje intervjujev. Opisana je učinkovitost protokola (veljavnost in točnost pridobljenih informacij), prav tako pa tudi usposabljanje, ki vključuje učenje kognitivnih tehnik. Takšno usposabljanje lahko pripomore k boljšemu nastopu, vodenju in izpraševanju prič ter žrtev kaznivih dejanj Metode: Prispevek je nastal na osnovi integrirane sinteze strokovnih, predvsem pa znanstvenih virov, katerih avtorji so vodilni teoretiki in praktiki na področju preiskovalnega intervjuvanja v svetu. Ugotovitve: Kognitivni intervju ostaja ena najboljših praks na tem področju kljub določenim omejitvam, kot so npr. časovna zamudnost, število in kompleksnost razpoložljivih tehnik. Preiskovalni organi potrebujejo poenostavljen in intervjuvancu prijazen protokol, ki vsebuje le preizkušene elemente za izboljšanje spomina ter izvedljiv enoten postopek z manj kognitivne zahtevnosti za izvajalce intervjujev, ki delujejo v vse bolj kompleksnih operativnih okvirih. Pričakujemo lahko, da bo šel razvoj v smeri prilagajanja posameznih tehnik realnim potrebam policije. Izvirnost/pomembnost prispevka: Prispevek je namenjen predvsem strokovni javnosti, preiskovalcem, ki opravljajo informativne pogovore, in vodstvu policije, ki lahko spoznanja iz prispevka upoštevajo pri uvajanju sodobnejših in učinkovitejših modelov intervjujev v preiskovalno prakso. Izsledki poudarjajo pomembnost približanja slovenske prakse tujim znanstvenim spoznanjem predvsem v smislu učinkovitejšega in etično sprejemljivejšega modela intervjuvanja.
Keywords:preiskovalni intervju, kognitivni intervju, izboljšani kognitivni intervju
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year of publishing:2015
Number of pages:str. 407-425
Numbering:Letn. 17, št. 4
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-76155 New window
UDC:159.9:340.6
ISSN on article:1580-0253
COBISS.SI-ID:3065322 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:SU2JZJ9M
Publication date in DKUM:20.04.2020
Views:936
Downloads:85
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Varstvoslovje
Shortened title:Varstvoslovje
Publisher:Ministrstvo za notranje zadeve Republike Slovenije, Visoka policijsko-varnostna šola, Ministrstvo za notranje zadeve Republike Slovenije, Visoka policijsko-varnostna šola, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za policijsko-varnostne vede, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za varnostne vede
ISSN:1580-0253
COBISS.SI-ID:99492352 New window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:20.04.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The Contribution of Modern Scientific Findings to More Effective Cognitive Interviewing
Abstract:Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the recent findings and scientific evidence on investigative interviewing as applied abroad. The paper presents the enhanced version of the cognitive interview (ECI). ECI is one of the best known and most widely used techniques of obtaining information from cooperative witnesses and victims of criminal offences. In the United Kingdom, the CI underpins the current PEACE investigative interview model and is taught to all police recruits and expert interviewers alike. Besides the effectiveness of the protocol (validity and accuracy of obtained information), the aim is to find out whether such training that includes learning cognitive techniques really contributes to better performance, conducting and interviewing of witnesses and victims of criminal offences. Methods: The paper is based on the integrated synthesis of expert, especially scientific sources whose authors are leading theoreticians and practitioners in the global field of cognitive interviewing. Findings: The cognitive interview remains among the best practices in this field despite certain limitations such as lengthiness, number and complexity of available techniques. Law enforcement agencies need a simplified and interviewee-friendly protocol containing only the proven memory-improving techniques and a feasible uniform procedure with less cognitive demand for interviewers who work in increasingly complex operational contexts. We can expect progress towards the adaptation of individual techniques to the real needs of the police. Originality/Value: The paper targets primarily the expert public, investigators performing informative interviews and police leadership that may consider the findings of the paper when introducing more up-to-date and efficient models of interviewing in the investigation practice. The findings emphasise the importance of the approximation of Slovenian practice to foreign scientific findings especially in the sense of a more effective and more ethically acceptable interviewing model.
Keywords:investigative interview, cognitive interview, enhanced cognitive interview


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  1. Varstvoslovje

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