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Title:Naložbene prevare : viktimološki pogled
Authors:ID Stupica, Mateja (Author)
Files:URL https://www.fvv.um.si/rv/arhiv/2016-3/04_Bitenc_rV_2016_3.html
 
URL https://www.fvv.um.si/rv/arhiv/2016-3/04_Bitenc_rV_2016_3.pdf
 
URL https://www.fvv.um.si/rV/arhiv/2016-3/04_Bitenc_rV_2016_3.pdf
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Scientific work
Typology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Namen prispevka: Namen prispevka je povečati osveščenost javnosti o obsegu naložbenih prevar, njihovih značilnostih in vplivih na žrtve, o tem, kaj vse vpliva na to, da posameznik postane žrtev, ter na primerih pokazati znake, na podlagi katerih lahko prepoznamo naložbeno prevaro. Metode: Prispevek združuje teoretični področji viktimologije ter finančne kriminalitete. Gre za teoretičen prispevek, kjer so bile uporabljene metode deskriptivne in primerjalne analize ter sinteze. Za oblikovanje zaključkov smo uporabili znanstveno metodo sinteze, temelječo na kombinaciji induktivnega in deduktivnega sklepanja (inverzna dedukcija). Pri pregledu viktimoloških raziskav smo poudarek dali raziskavam, ki se ukvarjajo z žrtvami finančne kriminalitete, konkretno žrtvami naložbenih prevar. Ugotovitve: Naložbene prevare so problem družbe in problem posameznika. Različne študije kažejo, da je število ljudi, ki so žrtve tovrstnih kaznivih dejanj, iz leta v leto večje. Tovrstna izkušnja se globoko zareže v življenje posameznika in ima na žrtev izredno negativen vpliv – tako v materialnem kot tudi v čustvenem, psihološkem in zdravstvenem pogledu. V prispevku so predstavljeni najpogostejši tipi naložbenih prevar ter njihove značilnosti, ugotovitve raziskav o žrtvah naložbenih prevar, njihovih lastnostih, življenjskem slogu in okoliščinah, ki pomembno vplivajo na to, da posameznik postane žrtev naložbene prevare. Predstavljen je torej kontekst, znotraj katerega se zgodi naložbena prevara. Prispevek zaključujemo s pregledom nekaterih najočitnejših in najpogostejših znakov, na podlagi katerih lahko posumimo, da gre za naložbeno prevaro in ne za pravo naložbeno priložnost. Omejitve/uporabnost raziskave Viri oziroma raziskave, ki obravnavajo žrtve naložbenih prevar in druge finančne kriminalitete, so v primerjavi s študijami in raziskavami klasične, (»nasilne«) kriminalitete redkejše, saj je pozornost tako stroke kot tudi širše javnosti v večji meri namenjena žrtvam prav slednje, manj pa žrtvam t. i. beloovratniške nenasilne kriminalitete.
Keywords:naložbe, preslepitve, prevare, finančna kriminaliteta, žrtve, oškodovanci
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year of publishing:2016
Number of pages:str. 303-324
Numbering:Letn. 18, št. 3
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-76152 New window
UDC:343.72
ISSN on article:1580-0253
COBISS.SI-ID:3229418 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:6TSP2WTG
Publication date in DKUM:20.04.2020
Views:718
Downloads:64
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Varstvoslovje
Shortened title:Varstvoslovje
Publisher:Ministrstvo za notranje zadeve Republike Slovenije, Visoka policijsko-varnostna šola, Ministrstvo za notranje zadeve Republike Slovenije, Visoka policijsko-varnostna šola, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za policijsko-varnostne vede, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za varnostne vede
ISSN:1580-0253
COBISS.SI-ID:99492352 New window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:20.04.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Financial Investment Frauds : Victimological View
Abstract:Purpose: The main purpose of the article is to rise attention of the public about the scope of investment frauds, their characteristics and the effects on the victims; to explain the contexts of victimsʹ lives and how they interplay with making someone more or less vulnerable becoming the victim of investment fraud. The goal is also to present some case studies to show the signs of the possible financial fraud. Design/Methods/Approach: The article combines two theoretical fields: victimology and financial crime. In the paper, methods of descriptive and comparative analysis and synthesis were used. Scientific method of synthesis based on a combination of inductive and deductive reasoning is used for drawing conclusions. In reviewing victimology researches, the emphasis was on researches dealing with victims of financial crime, specifically the victims of investment fraud. Findings: Financial frauds, and more specifically investment frauds, are the problem of the society and the problem of the individual. Financial crimes affect thousands of people every year, yet very little is known about the experiences. Such experience deeply incises into the lives of individuals and has extremely negative impact on their lives due to the victimization - not only in the material sense (material losses) but also highly negative emotional, psychological and health impacts. The article brings the most common types of investment frauds, characteristics of the victims and their contexts of lives which have the major impact on the fact that one became the victim of the investment fraud. Therefore, the context within which the investment scam happens is featured. The article concludes with a review of some of the most obvious and most common signs, on which you can suspect that the opportunity presented is an investment scam and not a real investment opportunity. Research Limitations / Implications: The sources and the researches of the victims of investment fraud and other financial crime are rarer because of the fact, that more attention in given by both, the criminologists and the general public, to the victims of classic („violent“) crime compared to the attention given to the victims of white collar crime. Originality/Value: The topic is relevant because of the fact, that recently more and more recruiting actions by fraudsters have taken place on the web sites and via other channels of communication (i.e. spam, cold phone calls, organization of free seminars and sales promotions), all leading the potential victims to making decisions in investing their savings into the financial opportunities, of which some of them may just be financial scams. Our aim is to inform the public about the scope of these phenomena, to give the outline about the process of leading the investor into the financial fraud (grooming), to present the consequences of the fact that one is become the victim of financial fraud and the impact on his or her life.


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  1. Varstvoslovje

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