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Title:Klinična forenzična medicina v Sloveniji
Authors:Haring, Gregor (Author)
Zupanc, Tomaž (Author)
Files:URL https://www.fvv.um.si/rv/arhiv/2019-3/06_Haring_Zupanc_rV_2019-3.pdf
 
URL https://www.fvv.um.si/rv/arhiv/2019-3/06_Haring_Zupanc_rV_2019-3.html
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Professional work (r4)
Typology:1.04 - Professional Article
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Namen prispevka: V prispevku želimo širšemu krogu predstaviti klinično forenzično medicino, njen pomen in vlogo, obseg in stanje v Sloveniji ter ambulanto, kjer preglede izvajamo. Ugotovitve: Klinična forenzična medicina je pomembna veja sodne medicine. Pomembneje se je začela razvijati v 60. letih 20. stoletja. Razcvet pa doživlja zadnjih 10 let. Ukvarja se predvsem s forenzičnimi pregledi žrtev fizičnega in spolnega nasilja, vendar to ni edino področje delovanja klinične forenzične medicine. Gre za zdravniški pregled z uporabo kliničnih znanj in postopkov ter diagnostičnih metod po načelih forenzične preiskave. Telo preiskovanca, ki je lahko žrtev ali osumljenec, predstavlja kraj kaznivega dejanja, ki ga je treba forenzično pregledati, kar pomeni tehnično in strokovno pravilno opisati poškodbe ter jih tudi primerno zavarovati kot dokaz. Primerno lahko te poškodbe zavaruje le zdravnik strokovnjak – tj. specialist sodne medicine z natančnim opisom in opredelitvijo vrste poškodbe, fotodokumentacijo ipd. Hkrati mu je kot zdravniku tudi dovoljeno posegati na in v telo, kar pomeni, da odvzame in zavaruje tudi brise s površine telesa in telesnih odprtin. Govorimo o odnosu strokovnjak/izvedenec – preiskovanec in ne o odnosu zdravnik – bolnik. Vse to pa lahko opravi le v primernem prostoru in ob sodelovanju s primernim kadrom. Prvo predstavlja tehnično opremljena in prostorsko primerno zasnovana klinična forenzična ambulanta. Kader pa predstavlja forenzično izobražen zdravnik in medicinska sestra, pomoč administracije ter dostopnost do drugih medicinskih specialnosti in nemedicinskega osebja. Trenutno je edina primerno kadrovsko in tehnično opremljena klinična forenzična ambulanta v prostorih Inštituta za sodno medicino v Ljubljani. Dostopna je štiriindvajset ur vse dni v letu. Ambulanta se uporablja predvsem za potrebe policije in pravosodja. Financiranje klinične forenzične medicine v Sloveniji je za enkrat slabo urejeno. Izvirnost/pomembnost prispevka: Prispevek bo širši strokovni javnosti, predvsem policiji in pravosodju, preiskovalnim sodnikom in tožilstvu, približal pojem klinične forenzične medicine in ambulante. Odgovorni, opremljeni z vedenjem, bodo tako pogosteje posegli po kliničnem forenzičnem pregledu žrtev in osumljencev v kazenskih postopkih, kar bo pripomoglo k boljši celostni oskrbi žrtev. Bolje bodo zavarovani tudi pomembni dokazi. Obravnava v klinični forenzični ambulanti bo prinesla večjo korist tako žrtvi kaznivega dejanja kot tudi samemu kazenskemu postopku.
Keywords:klinična forenzična medicina, forenzična ambulanta, sodna medicina
Year of publishing:2019
Number of pages:str. 316-324
Numbering:št. 3, Letn. 21
UDC:340.6
ISSN on article:1580-0253
COBISS_ID:3824618 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:HBVDGLA6
Views:289
Downloads:23
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Varstvoslovje
Shortened title:Varstvoslovje
Publisher:Ministrstvo za notranje zadeve Republike Slovenije, Visoka policijsko-varnostna šola, Ministrstvo za notranje zadeve Republike Slovenije, Visoka policijsko-varnostna šola, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za policijsko-varnostne vede, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za varnostne vede
ISSN:1580-0253
COBISS.SI-ID:99492352 New window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:07.04.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Clinical Forensic Medicine in Slovenia
Abstract:Purpose: In this article we want to present clinical forensic medicine to a wider range of audience, particularly its importance, role, scope, and state of the art in Slovenia. The article also brings insight into the work of the Clinical Forensic Unit of the Institute of Forensic Medicine, where clinical forensic examinations of victims and perpetrators are performed. Findings: Clinical forensic medicine is an important branch of forensic medicine. Its development began in the 1960s and has experienced rapid development over the last 10 years. Primer aim of clinical forensic medicine is forensic examinations of victims of physical and sexual violence. However, this is not the only field of clinical forensic medicine. The foundation is a medical examination using clinical knowledge and procedures as well as diagnostic methods according to the principles of forensic examination. The body of the examinee, who may be the victim or the perpetrator, is a crime scene that needs to be properly forensically processed. This means that injuries should be described according to professional standards and techniques and should be properly secured as an evidence. Only a well-trained specialist physician – i.e. forensic specialist, can properly cover these injuries with a precise description and definition of the type of injury, their photo documentation, etc. At the same time, as a doctor, he/she is also allowed to intervene on and in the body, which means that physician can take smears from the surface of the body and body cavities. We are talking about an expert – examinee relationship, and not on a doctor – patient relationship. All this can be done only in the right place and in cooperation with the right staff. The first is a technically equipped and spatially designed clinical forensic examination rooms. The latter represents a forensically educated physician and nurse, administration assistance and accessability of other medical specialties, as well as non-medical staff. Currently, the only suitably staffed and technically equipped clinical forensic unit is on the premises of the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Ljubljana. It is available twenty–four hours a day throughout the year. The unit has some limitations and is mainly used by the police and the judiciary, who are ordering examination. The financing of clinical forensic medicine in Slovenia for the time is being poorly regulated. Originality/Value: The paper will bring the concepts of clinical forensic medicine and clinical forensic examination to the wider professional public, especially the police and the judiciary, investigating judges and the prosecution. The responsible person equipped with this knowledge will be more prone to seek clinical forensic examination of victims and suspects during the criminal procedure. This will improve the holistic care of the victims. Also, important evidence will be better secured. The examinations in a clinical forensic unit will bring a greater tide to both the victims of the crime and the criminal procedure.


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  1. Varstvoslovje

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