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Title:Situacijsko preprečevanje kriminalitete v rudarstvu
Authors:ID Kos, Mija (Author)
Files:URL https://www.fvv.um.si/rv/arhiv/2019-1/04_Kos_rV_2019_1.html
 
URL https://www.fvv.um.si/rv/arhiv/2019-1/04_Kos_rV_2019_1.pdf
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Scientific work
Typology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:FVV - Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security
Abstract:Namen prispevka: Namen prispevka je predstaviti problematiko ureditve odlagališč rudarskih odpadkov z vidika ekološke kriminologije, opisati kriminološke teorije, ki se ukvarjajo z vzroki kriminalitete in podrobneje predstaviti Clarkove tehnike situacijskega preprečevanja kriminalitete. Cilj je preučiti oblike kriminalitete, ki so se pojavile kot posledica neurejenega rudarskega sektorja in predstaviti splošne smernice za ureditev odlagališč rudarskih odpadkov v Sloveniji. Metode: Prispevek temelji na pregledu in analizi obstoječe literature s področja rudarstva, odlagališč rudarskih odpadkov, ekološke kriminalitete, ekološke kriminologije in varstva okolja. Ugotovitve: V slovenskem in tujem prostoru nismo uspeli najti študije, ki bi obravnavala vse tri elemente hkrati (rudarske odpadke, odlagališče rudarskih odpadkov in ekološko kriminaliteto). V Sloveniji je večina študij osredotočenih na škodljive vplive rudarjenja na okolje, ureditev divjih odlagališč (ne rudarski odpadki), popise rudnikov in količine odloženih rudarskih odpadkov. Iz pregleda literature je razvidno, da je rudarski sektor v Sloveniji zapostavljen, kar omogoča pojav različnih oblik kriminalitete in ravno zato je ureditev sektorja zelo pomembna. Pomembno je odkriti vzroke posamezne obravnavane oblike kriminalitete, predlagati ukrepe za zmanjšanje oz. preprečevanje priložnosti za storitev kaznivega dejanja in oblikovati splošne smernice, ki bodo veljale za vsa enako kategorizirana odlagališča. Praktična uporabnost: V prispevku so podrobno predstavljene kriminološke teorije, ki razlagajo pojav kriminalnega vedenja pri posamezniku. Slednje je pomembno pri prepoznavanju oblik kriminalitete, ki se pojavljajo v rudarskem sektorju. Posledično lahko na teh ugotovitvah oblikujemo situacijsko preventivne ukrepe, ki bodo ob ustreznem izvajanju pripomogli k zmanjšanju priložnosti, ki vodijo v kriminalno dejanje. Izvirnost/pomembnost prispevka: Problematika ureditve odlagališč rudarskih odpadkov v Sloveniji z vidika ekološke kriminologije še ni bila obravnavana, zato ta študija predstavlja osnovo za prvo tovrstno raziskavo na slovenskih tleh.
Keywords:rudarstvo, rudarski odpadki, odlagališča, ekološka kriminologija, situacijsko preprečevanje kriminalitete
Publication status:Published
Publication version:Version of Record
Year of publishing:2019
Number of pages:str. 54-72
Numbering:Letn. 21, št. 1
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-76014 New window
UDC:343.9:622
ISSN on article:1580-0253
COBISS.SI-ID:3703018 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:D1AQUW03
Publication date in DKUM:06.04.2020
Views:828
Downloads:40
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Categories:Misc.
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Varstvoslovje
Shortened title:Varstvoslovje
Publisher:Ministrstvo za notranje zadeve Republike Slovenije, Visoka policijsko-varnostna šola, Ministrstvo za notranje zadeve Republike Slovenije, Visoka policijsko-varnostna šola, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za policijsko-varnostne vede, Univerza v Mariboru, Fakulteta za varnostne vede
ISSN:1580-0253
COBISS.SI-ID:99492352 New window

Licences

License:CC BY 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Description:This is the standard Creative Commons license that gives others maximum freedom to do what they want with the work as long as they credit the author.
Licensing start date:06.04.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Situational Crime Prevention in Mining Industry
Abstract:Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to present, from the green criminology aspect, the problem of the organization of mining waste landfills in Slovenia. The purpose is also to describe the criminological theories dealing with the causes of crime and to present in details the Clark’s technique of situational crime prevention. The aim is to examine the forms of criminality that have emerged as a result of the insufficient regulation of the mining sector and to establish general guidelines for regulating mining waste landfills in Slovenia. Design/Methods/Approach: The article is based on the literature review and analysis of criminological studies on mining, mining waste landfills, environmental criminality, green criminology, and environmental protection. Findings: In Slovenia and abroad, there is an absence of a study dealing with all three elements simultaneously (mining waste, mining waste landfill, and environmental criminality). In Slovenia, most studies are focused on the harmful effects of mining on the environment, on the regulation of illegal landfills (not mining waste landfills), on the record of the mines, and on the quantity of landfill mining waste. From the literature review it is evident that the mining sector in Slovenia is neglected, which enables the appearance of various forms of criminality, and that is the reason, why the regulation of the sector is very important. It is important to discover the causes of the particular criminal offense, to propose the measures to reduce or preventing opportunities for the commission of a criminal offense, and to form general guidelines that will apply to all equally categorized landfills. Practical Implications: In this paper are in detail presented the criminological theories that explaining the emergence of criminal behavior in an individual. This is important in identifying the forms of crime that occur in the mining sector. Consequently, on these findings, we can form situational preventive measures that will, with proper implementation, help to reduce the opportunities which leads to a criminal act. Originality/Value: The problem of regulation of mining waste in Slovenia has not yet been addressed from the green criminology aspect, and this research is the basis for the first of its kind in Slovenia.
Keywords:mining, mining waste, landfills, green criminology, situational crime prevention


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  1. Varstvoslovje

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