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Title:Res publica mixta : (mešana ustava v antiki)
Authors:Sadek, Mitja (Author)
Marolt, Janez (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
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Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis (m2)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Mešana ustava (res publica rnixta) je ena najpomembnejših idej v zgodovini politične misli. Mešana ustava je bila v teoriji vedno prikazovana kot oblika vladavine, ki zagotavlja največjo stopnjo stabilnosti in družbene pravičnosti ter skuša onemogočati zlorabo oblasti. Izvira iz nestanovitnih političnih razmer v grških polis klasične dobe. Tako Platon kot Aristotel sta jo razglasila za najboljšo uresničljivo državno obliko. Grški zgodovinar Polibij je v njej videl glavni vzrok za vzpon rimskega imperija. Cicero je z mešano ustavo hotel rešiti propadajočo rimsko republiko. Ta antična ideja je imela izreden vpliv na najvidnejše politične filozofe srednjega in novega veka. Iz nje neposredno izhaja tudi paradigma o delitvi oblasti, ki predstavlja temelj moderne predstavniške demokracije.
Keywords:ustavna zgodovina, antika, mešana ustava, politična filozofija, magistrska dela
Year of publishing:2009
Year of performance:2009
Place of performance:Maribor
Publisher:[M. Sadek]
Number of pages:108 f.
Source:Maribor
UDC:342\"652\"(043.2):32
COBISS_ID:16603656 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:EDQTTZED
Views:248
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Categories:FF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:The mixed constitution (res publica mixta) is one of the most significant ideas in the history of political thought. The mixed constitution was in theory always shown as a form of government, which warrants maximal grade of stability and of social justice and also tries to hinder the misuse of power. The idea has its origins in the unstable political reality in Greek city states of the classical period. For both Plato and Aristotle this was the best realizable form of government. The Greek historian Polybius saw in it the main reason for the rise of the Roman Empire. Cicero tried to use the mixed constitution in order to save the decaying Roman republic. This antique idea had great influence on the most important political philosophers of the Middle Ages and modern times. The paradigm of the division of powers, which is the fundament of modern representative democracy, also originates in the mixed constitution.


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