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Title:Vertikalni sporazumi na trgu motornih vozil : magistrsko delo
Authors:Černezel, Iva (Author)
Repas, Martina (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Cernezel_Iva_2020.pdf (592,19 KB)
MD5: 1A60A9E126EB24843124B5E7616A640D
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:V magistrskem delu so podrobno predstavljeni vertikalni sporazumi na trgu motornih vozil in njihovi učinki na konkurenco na notranjem trgu EU. Prikazan je razvoj na področju konkurenčnega prava, ki je botroval k omejitvam vertikalnih sporazumov, predvsem s poudarkom na modernem pristopu, razglašenim s sprejetjem Uredbe št. 2790/1999. Temu je v novelirani obliki sledila Uredba št. 330/2010, ki velja še danes. Predstavljena je uporaba člena 101 PDEU na vertikalne sporazume, zlasti uporaba člena 101 (1) PDEU v povezavi s členom 101 (3) PDEU. Uredba št. 330/2010 obsega skupinske izjeme, ki jih lahko koristijo vertikalni sporazumi in usklajena ravnanja, kadar bi ti sicer zapadli pod domet člena 101 (1) PDEU in s tem omejevali konkurenco na notranjem trgu. Prikazani so pogoji, pod katerimi vertikalni sporazum, kljub določenim omejitvam, ne bo zapadel pod člen 101 (1) PDEU, ampak pod člen 101 (3) PDEU. V magistrskem delu je predstavljena pomembnejša sodna praksa na področju konkurenčnega prava, ki se nanaša na prodajo motornih vozil, vzdrževanje in preprodajo rezervnih delov za motorna vozila, skozi katero se problematika, ki je značilna za sektor motornih vozil, najbolj odraža. Izpostavljena je potrošnikova korist, ki je velik problem še posebej zaradi dejstva, da ta najbolj neposredno vpliva na povprečnega evropskega potrošnika, ki mu ob nakupu motornega vozila stroški njegovega vzdrževanja pomenijo veliko finančno breme. Ravno zato sporazum, ki ima protikonkurenčne učinke in kot tak ne prinaša potrošnikove koristi v zadostni meri, ne more biti deležen posebnih ugodnosti kot vertikalni sporazum, ki jo. Opredeljeno je postopanje tako organov EU kot nacionalnih organov, saj bo, kadar gre za vertikalni sporazum, ki bi lahko imel omejevalne učinke na znaten del trga EU, za postopke zoper podjetja, ki so takšen sporazum sklenila, pristojna Komisija. Na nacionalni ravni, kjer sporazum ne bo imel znatnega vpliva na trgovino med državami članicami, ampak zgolj na trg znotraj ene države članice, bo pristojen nacionalni organ, ki je pri nas Agencija za varstvo konkurence. Predstavljeno je tudi delovanje Agencije za varstvo konkurence skupaj z nacionalnimi primeri, ki jih je na zadevnem področju vertikalnih sporazumov v sektorju motornih vozil do sedaj obravnavala. Skozi analizo vertikalnih sporazumov na trgu je avtorica v magistrskem delu ugotovila, da vse oblike vertikalnih sporazumov na trgu motornih niso skladne s členom 101 (3), kot tudi, da uporaba splošne Uredbe št. 330/2010 ni vedno primerna za uporabo v določenih sektorjih, zlasti kadar so, kot je to sektor motornih vozil, ti podvrženi še posebni ureditvi v posamični (sektorski) uredbi.
Keywords:konkurenca, selektivna distribucija, prodaja vozil, vzdrževanje vozil, potrošnikova korist
Year of publishing:2020
Place of performance:[Maribor
Publisher:I. Černezel]
Number of pages:II, 63 str.
Source:Maribor
UDC:339.137(043.3)
COBISS_ID:5848107 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:YG1D9KRM
Views:447
Downloads:99
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Categories:PF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:04.02.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Vertical agreements in the mothor vehicle sector
Abstract:This thesis introduces the vertical agreements in the motor vehicle market and their effects on competition in the EU internal market. It shows the developments in the field of competition law which led to restrictions on vertical agreements with particular emphasis on the modern approach proclaimed by the adoption of Regulation No 2790/1999. In an amended form this was followed by Regulation No 330/2010 which is still in force today. The thesis also delves into the application of Article 101 (1) TFEU with regard to vertical agreements, in particular the application of Article 101 (1) TFEU in conjunction with Article 101 (3) TFEU. Regulation No 330/2010 contains block exemptions that might be used by vertical agreements and concerted practices in cases where they would otherwise fall outside the scope of Article 101 (1) TFEU and would thereby restrict competition in the internal market. Conditions under which the vertical agreement, despite certain restrictions, will not fall under Article 101 (1) TFEU but under Article 101 (3) TFEU are also shown. The thesis also contains the most important case law in the field of competition law relating to the sale of motor vehicles and the maintenance and resale of spare parts for motor vehicles. Consumer benefit is highlighted as it is a major problem due to the fact that it directly affects the average European consumer, who, when purchasing and maintaining a motor vehicle, has to bear a heavy financial burden. Consequently, an agreement that has anti-competitive effects and that as such cannot provide consumer benefit to a sufficient extent, as opposed to one that does, cannot be afforded special benefits. Furthermore, the proceedings of EU as well as national authorities are explained. The proceedings against undertakings which have concluded an agreement that could have a restrictive effect on a substantial part of the EU market are the responsibility of the Commission. However, when there is no such effect on trade between Member States but only on a market within one Member State, then the jurisdiction lies with the national authority. In our case this is the Slovenian Competition Protection Agency. For this reason, the work of the Slovenian Competition Protection Agency as well as its national cases in the area of vertical agreements in the motor vehicles sector are presented. Through the analysis of vertical agreements on the market the author found that all forms of vertical agreements on the motor vehicle market were not in accordance with Article 101 (1) TFEU, as well as that Regulation No 330/2010 is not always suitable for use in specific sectors. This applies in particular where, such as in the motor vehicle market, they are also subject to specific arrangements in a separate (sector) regulation.
Keywords:competition, selective distribution, vehicle sales, vehicle maintenance, consumer benefit


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