|Abstract:||The aim of the diploma thesis entitled Different Types Of Puppets Based On Our Body Parts is to present how teachers can use a puppet with preschool children in just about every activity and field of work in kindergarten. The puppet encourages children’s creativity, which motivates them to work, therefore learning can become a holistic process. With the help of a puppet, children can more easily understand and get to know their body, emotions and the world around them. They get involved in different situations and thus easily achieve curricular goals (Korošec, 2005). A puppet helps them to gain certain knowledge in a fun and easy way. This is why kindergarten teachers are using puppets increasingly often.
Firstly, we were interested in the historical development of the puppet, since it initially did not have a pedagogical function. In the past, it was merely an entertainment for children and adults, and had a rather low status. It took a lot of effort effort for puppetry to develop, get a permament position (a puppet theatre), be able to compete with theatre art and also got its place in the educational process. In the theoretical part, we have thus focused primarily on the puppet’s role during play and its role in the educational contents. This often results in the therapeutic effect of the puppet in the hands of the teacher and the child. A child plays with various objects and toys, which he constantly animates and interacts with. Throughout guided activity, he discovers how versatile power is given to simple puppets, such as the feet, knees, and toes that are available to him every moment, resulting that the puppet comes to life in various parts of his body.
In our group, the puppet follows us every step of the way. In the practical part, we have shown through children’s activities how they get to know their body and their movement possibilities, master motor abilities of body parts and develop non-verbal communication with individual movements, express their emotions, strengthen interpersonal relationships and turn every part of the body into a puppet through being animated by the puppet.|