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Title:Pravna ureditev poligamije v primerjalnem pravu in njeno priznanje v Sloveniji : magistrsko delo
Authors:Pajmon, Trisha (Author)
Kraljić, Suzana (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Pajmon_Trisha_2020.pdf (1,11 MB)
MD5: 6FE29A814CD9C59A320E532B2D90349B
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Abstract:V magistrskem delu so predstavljeni osnovni pojmi, za lažje razumevanje tematike in sicer pojmi zakonska zveza, zunajzakonska skupnost, družina, monogamija in poligamija. Predvsem pomemben pojem, na katerega se navezuje magistrsko delo, je poligamija, ki pomeni večpartnerstvo oziroma mnogopartnerstvo. Nasprotje poligamije je monogamija, ki pomeni razmerje, v katerem ima ena oseba le enega partnerja. Slovenska zakonodaja temelji na načelu monogamnosti, kar je moč razbrati iz več zakonov, kot na primer iz Ustave Republike Slovenije, iz Družinskega zakonika, iz Zakona o partnerski zvezi, Zakona o dedovanju, Kazenskega zakonika idr. Kazenski zakonik dvojno zakonsko zvezo opredeljuje kot kaznivo dejanja in tako v prvem odstavku 188. člena določa, da se z denarno kaznijo ali z zaporom do enega leta kaznuje tisti, ki sklene novo zakonsko zvezo, čeprav je že poročen. V drugem odstavku istega člena pa Kazenski zakonik tudi določa, da se enako kaznuje tudi tisti, ki sklene zakonsko zvezo z osebo, za katero ve da je poročena. Zakonodaja Republike Slovenije izrecno ureja premoženjska razmerja med zakoncema oziroma zunajzakonskima partnerjema in med partnerji v partnerski zvezi. Premoženjska razmerja so zakonsko urejena za monogamna partnerska razmerja, kar dodatno nakazuje na načelo monogamnosti v slovenski zakonodaji. Glede otrok slovenska zakonodaja za starše določa le mati in očeta, katera sta dolžna za otroka tudi skrbeti, ta dolžnost je torej določena le za starša otroka in na podlagi slovenske zakonodaje ta dolžnost ni določena za nobeno tretjo osebo, ki ni starš otrok. Družinski zakonik pa določa določene obveznosti za zakonca ali zunajzakonskega partnerja, in sicer da mora ta preživljati otroka svojega zakonca ali zunajzakonskega partnerjsa, ki živi z njima, če otroka ni sposoben preživljati ta ali drug od staršev. Nov Družinski zakonik pa je uveljavil tudi nov institut, da lahko starši v primeru smrti ali trajnejše nezmožnosti za izvajanja starševske skrbi, vnaprej izrazijo voljo glede osebe, kateri se otrok zaupa v varstvo in vzgojo. Ta institut dejansko omogoča, da se starša lahko odločita, da skrb otroka v primeru smrti ali trajnejše nezmožnosti za izvajanje starševske skrbi prepustita drugim, ampak le sorodnikom otroka, in sicer osebi, ki je z otrokom v krvnem sorodstvu v ravni vrsti do vštetega drugega kolena ali v stranski vrsti do vštetega četrtega kolena. Torej načeloma tudi ta institut ne omogoča prepustitve starševske skrbi osebam, s katerimi starša živita v večosebni skupnosti, saj je institut omejen zgolj na sorodnike otroka. Glede stikov Družinski zakonik določa pravico do stikov med staršema in otrokom, prav tako pa ima otrok pravico do stikov z drugimi osebami, s katerimi je družinsko povezan in nanje osebno navezan, razen če je to v nasprotju s koristjo otroka. V magistrskem delu je tako pojasnjeno, kje v zakonodaji je tudi moč zaznati, da bi lahko kljub monogamno urejenim partnerskim odnosom, prišla v poštev uporaba zakonodaje, kot je urejena v Sloveniji. Nadalje je v magistrskem delu pojasnjena ureditev poligamije drugod po svetu, in sicer v Zambiji, Indoneziji, Bosni in Hercegovini, kjer je veliko prebivalstva islamske vere, pri kateri imajo pripadniki islamske vere, v skladu z vero, možnost prakticiranja poligamije, in je tako tradicionalno uveljavljeno, da lahko ima moški več žena naenkrat, vendar pod določenimi pogoji, ki jih mora izpolnjevati. V magistrskem delu pa je predstavljena tudi poligamija v Evropi, in sicer v določenih evropskih državah, ki se z njo srečujejo, npr. v Avstriji in Angliji. Naj poudarim, da nobena imed evropskih držav poligamije zakonsko ne dovoljuje, saj zakonodaja evropskih držav temelji na načelu monogamnosti. Poleg tega poligamija ni v skladu z evropsko zakonodajo, saj bi v primeru dovoljenosti poligamije lahko prišlo do kršitev temeljnih načel, na katerih temelji evropska zakonodaja.
Keywords:monogamija, zakonska zveza, otrokove pravice, kršitev zakonodaje, islam.
Year of publishing:2020
Place of performance:[Maribor
Publisher:T. Pajmon]
Number of pages:54 f.
Source:Maribor
UDC:347.628.41(043.3)
COBISS_ID:5840939 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:Q3IUUTKP
Views:647
Downloads:96
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Categories:PF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:14.01.2020

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The legal system of polygamy in comparaitive law and its regulation in Slovenia
Abstract:For a better understanding of the topic, the following key terms are presented in the master’s thesis: marriage, consensual union, family, monogamy and polygamy. A particularly significant term this thesis relates to is polygamy, which is defined as ‘’having more than one husband or wife at the same time’’. The antonym of the term polygamy is monogamy, which is defined as ‘’a state of being in a relationship with one person at a time’’. Slovenian legislation is based on the monogamy principle which is clearly pointed out in various acts, such as The Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia, the Family Code, Civil Union Act, Inheritance Act, Criminal Code etc. The Criminal Code defines bigamy as a criminal offence. The first paragraph of Article 188 states that anyone who concludes a new marriage, although is already married will be punished by a fine or imprisonment of up to one year. The second paragraph of the same Article states that the same shall be imposed on whoever marries a person with the knowledge that he or she was married. Legislation of the Republic of Slovenia expressly governs matrimonial property among spouses or cohabiting partners and among partners in registered partnership. Matrimonial properties are regulated for monogamous relationships, which is another indication that the Slovenian legislation is based on the monogamy principle. Regarding children, our legislation defines that one’s parents are his mother and his father and that parental concern belongs jointly to both of them. That obligation is only defined for the child’s parents and based on Slovenian legislation it is not defined for any third person who is not the child’s parent. The Family Code defines specific obligations for the spouse or cohabiting partner who must maintain a child of his spouse or cohabiting partner living with them, unless that or the other parent is able to maintain the child. The new Family Code has established a new institute stating that parents may designate a person to be their child’s guardian to provide for the care of the child in the event of the parent’s death or permanent disability. In this case, the child’s guardian can only be his relative: the person who is related to the child by consanguinity in the direct line up to and including the second degree, or collaterally up to and including the fourth degree. In principle, this institute does not enable the parents to leave the parental care to a person with which they lived in a cohabiting relationship, since the institute is limited to the child’s relatives only. Regarding contacts, the Family Code states the child has the right to have contact with both of his parents, with his relatives and with people he is personally attached to, unless this is contrary to the child’s benefit. This master’s thesis explains that although our legislation regulates or allows monogamous relationships only, some parts of it could be referred to polygamous relationships as well. Further on in the thesis, we have explained the regulation of polygamy around the world, namely in Zambia, Indonesia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, where the Muslim population live. Muslim religion allows the possibility of polygamy, which is a part of their long-established tradition. Men are allowed to be married to multiple women, but only under certain conditions they have to fulfill. Apart from that, we have also concentrated on some European countries facing polygamy issues, such as Austria and England. Let me emphasize that polygamy is illegal all across Europe, since legislation of European countries is based on the monogamy principle. Moreover, polygamy is not in accordance with European legislation. If polygamy was legal, the basic EU principles would be violated.
Keywords:monogamy, marriage, child rights, violation of law, Islam.


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