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Title:Učinki kognitivnega treninga na kognitivne funkcije v pozni odraslosti
Authors:Hebar, Karmen (Author)
Bakračevič, Karin (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Hebar_Karmen_2019.pdf (2,42 MB)
MD5: 961E5A61C871D6AFAA96FC69719C9523
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:V zadnjih desetletjih je bilo izvedenih veliko raziskav o kognitivnem treningu na populaciji zdravih starejših odraslih kot aktivnosti, ki bi lahko preventivno delovala proti prezgodnjemu kognitivnemu upadu ali celo izboljšala kognitivno delovanje. Vendar raziskave kažejo različne rezultate v odvisnosti od številnih dejavnikov. Namen naloge je bil proučiti ali lahko s specifičnim enomodalnim, kombiniranim (procesnim in strateškim), večdomenskim kognitivnim treningom pozornosti, spomina, hitrosti procesiranja in izvršilnih funkcij, izboljšamo rezultate na merah nekaterih kognitivnih funkcij pri zdravih starejših odraslih. V raziskavi smo merili kratkotrajne in bližnje transferne učinke kognitivnega treninga, papir-svinčnik tehnike. Preveriti smo želeli, ali trening pripomore k izboljšanju (slušno verbalnega in vidno prostorskega) kratkoročnega, delovnega in dolgoročnega spomina, hitrosti procesiranja in izvršilnih funkcij. Proučiti smo želeli tudi, ali trening pripomore k izboljšanju razpoloženja (pozitivnega in negativnega učinka) in subjektivnega doživljanja zadovoljstva v življenju. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 20 preizkušancev, starih od 65 do 74 let (deset v kontrolni in deset v eksperimentalni skupini), ki so ustrezali vključitvenim merilom. Eksperimentalna skupina je bila deležna sedemtedenskega kognitivnega treninga, ki je potekal enkrat tedensko, v trajanju 90 minut. Rezultati raziskave so pokazali statistično pomembno večje izboljšanje pri udeležencih eksperimentalne skupine, v primerjavi s kontrolno skupino, v slušno verbalnem takojšnjem spominskem priklicu, v vidno prostorskem takojšnjem in odloženem spominskem priklicu, na nekaterih merah izvršilnih funkcij in dolgotrajnega spomina (na testu verbalne fluentnosti) in v kratkotrajnem številskem priklicu (na testu številskega spominskega obsega naprej). Statistično pomembno večje izboljšanje pa se ni pokazalo v verbalnem odloženem priklicu, v delovnem spominu (na testu številskega obsega nazaj), na nekaterih merah izvršilnih funkcij (na TMT testu) ter na nobeni od samoocenjevalnih lestvic razpoloženja in zadovoljstva z življenjem.
Keywords:kognitivni trening, izvršilne funkcije, pozornost, hitrost procesiranja, (delovni) spomin, verbalni spomin, vidno prostorski spomin
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[K. Hebar]
Source:Maribor
UDC:159.95-053.9(043.2)
COBISS_ID:25036040 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:2ZEYJDCI
Views:609
Downloads:125
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:02.12.2019

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Effects of cognitive training on cognitive functions in late adulthood
Abstract:In the last decades a lot of research has been done about cognitive training as a preventive measure of early cognitive decline, which could even improve cognitive functions in healthy older adults. However, the research shows diverse results about effects of cognitive training, depending on many factors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of specific, unimodal, combined (process and strategic), multidomain cognitive training of attention, memory, processing speed and executive functions on some cognitive functions in healthy, cognitively intact older adults. In this study we measured short-term and short-transfer effects of paper-pencil training. We wanted to find out if cognitive training can improve (audio verbal and visuospatial) short-term memory, working memory, long-term memory, speed processing and executive functions. Also, we wanted to find out if training can improve mood (positive and negative effect) and life satisfaction. Twenty individuals (aged from 65 to 74), who meet the including criteria, participated in this study (10 in an experimental group and 10 in a control group). Participants in the experimental group took part in 90 minute long training sessions held once a week, each week, for seven weeks. Results of this study show statistically important improvement of verbal immediate memory recall, visuospatial immediate and delayed recall, some long-term memory, executive functioning measures (verbal fluency test) and short-term memory (digit span forward test) in the experimental group if compared with the control group. There was no statistically significant improvement of verbal delayed memory recall, working memory (digit span backward test) and some executive functioning measures (TMT test). There was no statistically significant effect on life satisfaction and mood (positive and/or negative effect).
Keywords:cognitive training, executive functions, attention, processing speed, (working) memory, verbal memory, visuospatial memory


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