|Abstract:||In the last decades a lot of research has been done about cognitive training as a preventive measure of early cognitive decline, which could even improve cognitive functions in healthy older adults. However, the research shows diverse results about effects of cognitive training, depending on many factors.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of specific, unimodal, combined (process and strategic), multidomain cognitive training of attention, memory, processing speed and executive functions on some cognitive functions in healthy, cognitively intact older adults. In this study we measured short-term and short-transfer effects of paper-pencil training. We wanted to find out if cognitive training can improve (audio verbal and visuospatial) short-term memory, working memory, long-term memory, speed processing and executive functions. Also, we wanted to find out if training can improve mood (positive and negative effect) and life satisfaction.
Twenty individuals (aged from 65 to 74), who meet the including criteria, participated in this study (10 in an experimental group and 10 in a control group). Participants in the experimental group took part in 90 minute long training sessions held once a week, each week, for seven weeks. Results of this study show statistically important improvement of verbal immediate memory recall, visuospatial immediate and delayed recall, some long-term memory, executive functioning measures (verbal fluency test) and short-term memory (digit span forward test) in the experimental group if compared with the control group. There was no statistically significant improvement of verbal delayed memory recall, working memory (digit span backward test) and some executive functioning measures (TMT test). There was no statistically significant effect on life satisfaction and mood (positive and/or negative effect).|