| | SLO | ENG | Cookies and privacy

Bigger font | Smaller font

Show document

Title:Dejavniki družinskega okolja in somospoštovanje kot napovedniki agresivnega vedenjapri dijakih in študentih
Authors:Gajšek, Janja (Author)
Musil, Bojan (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Gajsek_Janja_2019.pdf (889,36 KB)
MD5: 9FD4487B0D36459A9EB870D349455D76
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Abstract:Različne oblike agresivnega in delinkventnega vedenja so v porastu, tako med mladostniki v šoli kot v družbi nasploh, zato je dolgoročno raziskovanje dejavnikov, s katerimi bi lahko napovedali in predvideli razvoj agresivnega vedenja, zelo pomembno. Razumevanje razvoja agresivnosti in različnih oblik agresivnega vedenja je odločilno na številnih področjih psihološkega dela: v kliničnem in pedagoškem okolju kot tudi v psihoterapiji in preventivi duševnega zdravja. Šele ko razumemo posamezne dejavnike razvoja agresivnosti, lahko oblikujemo smernice za delo z mladimi in njihovimi starši oz. skrbniki ter odraslimi. Z raziskavo želimo preveriti odnos med agresivnim vedenjem ter samospoštovanjem in družinskimi dejavniki, kot so družinski procesi in vzgojni stil staršev, ter ugotavljati razlike v vedenju povzročiteljev nasilja glede na njihovo starost in spol. Za empirično raziskavo smo uporabili baterijo štirih vprašalnikov: Vprašalnik agresivnosti (AQ), Vprašalnik starševske avtoritete (PAQ), Lestvico družinskih procesov za adolescente (AFP) in Lestvico samospoštovanja (RSES). Mere zanesljivosti so bile na vzorcu zadovoljive. V raziskavo je zajetih 230 udeležencev, od tega 126 žensk in 104 moški; 129 srednješolcev in 101 študent. Povprečna starost anketirancev je 18, 74 let. Rezultati kažejo, da spremenljivka samospoštovanje na našem vzorcu pomembno negativno korelira z izraženostjo agresivnosti, kot tudi s podlestvicami posameznih oblik agresivnega vedenja. Z linearno regresijsko analizo ugotavljamo, da samospoštovanje na našem vzorcu statistično pomembno napoveduje fizično agresivnost, jezo, sovražnost in agresivnost – skupno. Pri analizi povezanosti agresivnega vedenja in vzgojnih stilov staršev ugotavljamo, da sta permisivni in avtoritarni vzgojni stil mame statistično pomembna napovednika agresivnosti, pri čemer je najpomembnejši pozitivni napovednik avtoritarni vzgojni stil. Prav tako prihaja do pomembnih povezav med agresivnostjo in spremenljivkami, ki se nanašajo na družinske procese. Spremenljivka konflikt je pozitivno povezana z vsemi podlestvicami agresivnega vedenja. Pri drugih spremenljivkah družinskih procesov (intimna komunikacija, komunikacija, sprejemanje) ni pomembnih povezav s podlestvicami agresivnosti. Analiza razlik po spolu je pokazala statistično pomembno razliko le pri fizični agresivnosti; pri moških je fizična agresivnost v povprečju bolj izražena kot pri ženskah. Razlike v izraženosti fizične agresivnosti se med dijaki in študenti niso pokazale. Omejitve raziskave vidimo tako na statističnem-psihometričnem kot tudi na vsebinskem področju. Nismo kontrolirali ali analizirali vseh dejavnikov, ki bi lahko vplivali na izraženost agresivnega vedenja (osebnostne lastnosti, dejavniki okolja ...). Študija temelji na samooceni udeležencev, kar onemogoča objektivnejše ocenjevanje vrednosti dobljenih rezultatov. Ključno prednost raziskave vidimo v pomembnosti proučevanja tematike agresivnega vedenja, saj je slednje vedno pogostejša težava v osnovnih in srednjih šolah.
Keywords:agresivnost, samospoštovanje, vzgojni stili, družinski procesi
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[J. Gajšek]
Source:Maribor
UDC:159.9.019.4:316.36(043.2)
COBISS_ID:25000712 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:VRDI9LX3
Views:388
Downloads:123
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FF
:
  
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only for logged in users.
Share:AddThis
AddThis uses cookies that require your consent. Edit consent...

Hover the mouse pointer over a document title to show the abstract or click on the title to get all document metadata.

Licences

License:CC BY-NC 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Description:A creative commons license that bans commercial use, but the users don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
Licensing start date:02.12.2019

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Factors of the family environment and self-esteem as predictors of agressive behaviour among high school and university students
Abstract:Currently there is an increase in various forms of aggressive and delinquent behaviour among youth in school environment and in the society in general. Therefore, the long-term study of the risk factors that are predictive of aggression is essential for identifying and predicting the aggression and delinquency outcomes. The ability to understand the development of aggressiveness and its various forms is crucial for the experts in various areas of psychological work: in clinical and pedagogical environment, in psychotherapy and in mental health prevention programs. Once the factors of aggressive behaviour development are identified, the guidelines for the professionals working with the young people and their parents, legal guardians and adults can be suggested. The aim of the current research is to examine the relationship between the aggressive behaviour, self-esteem and family factors, such as family processes and parenting styles. Furthermore, the differences in behaviour of the juvenile delinquents regarding the age and gender are identified. The empirical research is based on a set of four questionnaires: The Aggression Questionnaire (AQ), Parental Authority Questionnaire for the Mother's and Father's Parenting Style (PAQ), The Adolescent Family Process Measure (AFP) and Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES). The study involved 126 female and 104 male participants. The sample consisting of 230 participants included 129 high school students and 101 university students whose average age was 18,74 years. The results of the research show that a variable self-esteem has a significant negative correlation with aggressiveness and various forms of aggressive behaviour. The linear aggression analysis indicates that the variable self-esteem in the sample can considerably predict physical aggressiveness, anger and hostility – aggression in general. The analysis of the relationship between aggressiveness and parenting style indicates that mother’s permissive and authoritarian parenting styles statistically significantly predict child’s aggressiveness. On the contrary, authoritative parenting style proves to be the most suitable style in predicting positive behaviour outcomes. Furthermore, there are considerable relationships between aggressiveness and variables referring to family processes. The research shows that the variable conflict is positively related to all forms of aggressive behaviour on the aggression scale. The other variables related to family processes (intimate communication, communication, acceptance) are not significantly related to any form of aggression. However, according to the research, there is a significant gender difference in physical aggression since men tend to be more physically aggressive than women are. Nevertheless, the differences in physical aggression between high school students and university students were not identified. Since all the potential factors that may lead to aggressive behaviour (personal characteristics, environment factors etc.) were not controlled the limitation of the study refers to the statistical and psychometrical level and to the subject matter. Furthermore, the current study is based on the self-evaluation of the participants, which reduces the objectivity of the results. As aggressive behaviour among elementary and high school students causes more and more difficulties, the strength of the study refers to the importance of researching aggression among youth.
Keywords:aggressiveness, self-esteem, parenting styles, family processes


Comments

Leave comment

You have to log in to leave a comment.

Comments (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
There are no comments!

Back
Logos of partners University of Maribor University of Ljubljana University of Primorska University of Nova Gorica