|Opis:||This master's thesis deals with the international labour standards adopted by the International Labour Organization during the centenary of its existence. During its existence, the International Labour Organization played a vital role in the creation of international labour standards, with the goal of ensuring worldwide social justice for workers. In the form of conventions and recommendations, the international labour standards serve to harmonize and unify the accepted norms in the areas of the International Labour Organization member states that ratify and implement these conventions into their national legal order. Throughout history, the International Labour Organization has achieved great success in the field of minimum workers' rights by adopting conventions and recommendations at a global level, while the effects of these efforts have put workers in a more favorable position, especially when considering their minimum rights, such as working time, annual leave, minimum payment, prohibition of forced labour and child labour, etc. Over the years, the International Labour Organization has overcome many crises, managed to transform itself to some extent, and is today regarded as the leading protector of labour rights at a global level.
During the centenary, however, the impact of the International Labour Organization is seemingly being weakened and this is happening at a time, when workers all over the world and the global job markets are being threatened by factors, such as automation, robotics, development of artificial intelligence, climate change, inequality, etc. These factors will definitely change the world of work as we know it today, while the International Labour Organization, having knowledge of these changes, has set itself high goals for the continuation of its operation. One of these goals is definitely to secure decent work as an 8th goal under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which in itself will require the adoption of necessary instruments, as well as their ratification carried out by the organization's member states, and the provision of necessary financial resources.
This thesis aims to present to the reader the current state in the field of international labour standards, in particular with regard to the adoption and ratification of conventions, as well as monitoring the ratified conventions by the International Labour Organization. Insofar as it is possible to confirm the weakening impact of the International Labour Organization in the mentioned fields, while taking into account the tendencies of certain countries after withdrawing from the ratified conventions, all of the above represents an unfavorable position of the International Labour Organization. Specifically, the Republic of Slovenia is discussed with regard to the ratification of conventions and compliance with commitments compared to the International Labour Organization, while certain other member states of the International Labour Organization are represented in light of the same issue. The analysis sheds light on the current actual state and convention ratification trends and the implementation of ratified institutes in practice. A special part of this master's thesis considers the solutions that could provide the answers to the described problem of the further development of international labour law.|