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Title:Ekonometrična analiza in primerjava končne potrošnje gospodinjstev v Nemčiji, Avstriji in Grčiji
Authors:Špolarič, Urban (Author)
Boršič, Darja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf UN_Spolaric_Urban_2019.pdf (1,80 MB)
MD5: 8615E5B898ABFA484692F49600C6C9BB
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Diploma project paper (mb13)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:EPF - Faculty of Business and Economics
Abstract:Potrošnja je ena izmed komponent bruto domačega proizvoda, ki s svojim približno dvo tretjinskim deležem predstavlja pomemben vpliv na gospodarstvo države. Gibanje osebne potrošnje pomembno vpliva na stanje agregatnega povpraševanja, spremembe v katerem povzročajo fluktuacije v poslovnem ciklu. Nivo potrošnje v državi določa tudi nivo prihrankov, ki vplivajo na akumulacijo kapitala in dolgoročno gospodarsko rast. V diplomskem delu bomo obravnavali potrošnjo kot makroekonomsko spremenljivko, torej na agregatni ravni celotne države. Predmet analize so države Grčije, Nemčije in Avstrije, katerih potrošnjo bomo analizirali z uporabo ekonometričnih metod. Predstavili bomo ekonomsko teorijo na podlagi katere smo kot pojasnjevalne spremenljivke naših modelov potrošnje izbrali razpoložljivi dohodek, obrestno mero in odloženo potrošnjo. Pripravili bomo multivariatne modele potrošnje v izbranih državah, katere bomo ocenjevali z Metodo Najmanjših Kvadratov. Preverili bomo statistično značilnost pojasnjevalnih spremenljivk in primernost specifikacije postavljenih model. Pri izbiri najboljšega modela bomo med seboj primerjali linearnega, dvojno logaritemskega in linearni model z odloženo odvisno spremenljivko. Pri tem bomo uporabili t-test, vrednosti F-statistike, RESET in Chow-test. Na koncu bomo preverili, ali je predpostavkam Metode Najmanjših Kvadratov v naših modelih zadoščeno. Ugotovili smo, da izbrane spremenljivke statistično značilno pojasnjujejo potrošnjo in, da je njihov vpliv skladen s pričakovanji iz ekonomske teorije.
Keywords:potrošna funkcija, razpoložljivi dohodek, ekonometrična analiza, gospodinjstva, Metoda Najmanjših Kvadratov, Grčija, Nemčija, Avstrija.
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[U. Špolarič]
Source:Maribor
UDC:330.5
COBISS_ID:13507868 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:GFFJWSBW
Views:394
Downloads:64
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:EPF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:06.09.2019

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Econometric analysis and comparison of household final consumption in Germany, Austria and Greece
Abstract:Consumption is one of the components of gross domestic product and makes up about two thirds of it and therefore greatly influences country's economy. Consumption has important effect on the level of agregate demand, which influences fluctuations in short-term business cycles. Level of consumption directs level of savings in economy which is key predictor of capital accumulation and long-term economic growth. Here we will examine consumption as macroeconomic variable on the agregate level of the countries as a whole. Countries that are subject to our analysis are Greece, Germany and Austria, consumption of which we will analyse using econometric methods. We will present economic theory underpinning the choice of our explanatory variables for our models. Those are disposable income, interest rate and deffered consumption. We will prepare multivariant consumption models in selected countries, which we will estimate using Ordinary Least Squares method. We will test statistical significance of explanatory variables and adequance of the model as a whole. For this analysis we will use t-test, F-statistics, RESET-test and Chow-test. We will estimate linear, double logarithmic and linear model with deffered dependent variable and check whether assumptions of the Ordinary Least Squares for our models hold. We concluded that the explanatory variables of our choice are statistically significant in explaining our models of consumption and that their effect on explained variable is in accordance with economic theory.
Keywords:consumption function, disposable income, econometric analysis, households, Ordinary Least Squares, Greece, Germany, Austria.


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