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Title:Gibalni testi kot merilo fizične pripravljenosti poklicnih gasilcev v Sloveniji
Authors:Jesenek, Blaž (Author)
Puhalj, Stojan (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf VS_Jesenek_Blaz_2019.pdf (2,67 MB)
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Abstract:V diplomski nalogi sem raziskoval in testiral fizično pripravljenost poklicnih gasilcev v Sloveniji. Najprej sem opisal delo in poklic gasilca. Osredotočil sem se na gibalne sposobnosti, saj se v vsakdanjiku gasilca izkazujejo kot najpomembnejše za kvaliteto njihovega dela ter preprečevanje poškodb tako na intervenciji kot v zavodu. Ker se poklicne enote razlikujejo, sem se pozanimal o delovanju vseh 14 enot in zbral podatke o možnosti fizične aktivnosti v službenem času, vodeni vadbi ter ali je ta obvezna. Zbral sem tudi fotografije telovadnih prostorov, ki so jim na voljo. Zanimalo me je, ali se izvajajo vsakoletni gibalni testi, s katerimi preverijo upad ali napredek fizične pripravljenost zaposlenih gasilcev. Glede na opremo in gibalne sposobnosti, ki so potrebne za opravljanje poklica gasilca, sem sestavil primer enostavnega gibalnega testa, sestavljenega iz vaj, ki testirajo posebej izpostavljene gibalne sposobnosti. Test sem uporabil na 45 gasilcih Poklicne gasilske enote Celje. Gibalni test je sestavljen iz dveh delov. Prvi se navezuje na gasilsko stroko in se lahko izvaja v enoti Izobraževalnega centra za zaščito in reševanje Pekre v Mariboru in na Igu pri Ljubljani. Drugi del se lahko izvaja znotraj vsake enote ter je sestavljen iz šestih vaj, ki nam prikažejo hitrost in vzdržljivost poklicnega gasilca, moč mišic zgornjih okončin, moč mišic spodnjih okončin, moč mišic trupa, gibljivost in zmožnost ravnotežja. Na podlagi pridobljenih podatkov sem opredelil starostne skupine in izdelal kriterije, na podlagi katerih se rezultat vsake vaje oceni z oceno od 1 do 5. Tako pridobljena povprečna ocena nam prikaže fizično pripravljenost poklicnega gasilca. Na primeru Poklicne gasilske enote Celje se je gibalni test, ki je rezultat naloge, izkazal kot izvedljiv in primeren. Skupna povprečna ocena 3,24 kaže na dobro stanje fizične pripravljenosti testiranih poklicnih gasilcev, pri čemer pa smo opazili najizrazitejše primanjkljaje pri preizkušanju moči mišic rok in gibljivosti. Diplomsko delo povzema trenutno stanje skrbi za fizično pripravljenost poklicnih gasilcev in ponuja predlog za načrtovanje enotnega rednega testiranja psihofizičnih sposobnosti poklicnih gasilcev, ki bi omogočalo spremljanje stanja in napredka posameznikov. Na podlagi preverjenega stanja pa je moč načrtovati usmerjeno vadbo za vzdrževanje oz. izboljšanje napredka.
Keywords:poklicni gasilec, fizična pripravljenost, gibalni testi, fizična aktivnost, gibalne sposobnosti
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[B. Jesenek]
Source:Maribor
UDC:796.012.2:614.842-051(043.2)
COBISS_ID:24912136 Link is opened in a new window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:MKB7B4BS
License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
This work is available under this license: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives 4.0 International
Views:38
Downloads:10
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:PEF
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The Physical Ability Test As a Criterion of Physical Preparedness of Professional Firefighters in Slovenia
Abstract:In my thesis, I researched and tested the physical preparedness of professional firefighters in Slovenia. I first described the work and profession of a firefighter. I focused on movement skills, since they daily prove to be paramount for the quality of the firefighters’ work and the prevention of their injuries both duing the intervention and at the unit. As the professional firefighters’ department units differ I looked into the working of all 14 units and gathered information on the possibility of physical activity during working time, the possibility of having a guided exercise and whether it was mandatory. I also collected photos of the gym spaces available to them. I was interested whether annual physical ability tests are conducted to check the decline or progress of physical fitness of employed firefighters. Given the equipment and the physical ability required to work as a firefighter, I have put together an example of a simple physical ability test consisting of exercises that test particularly displayed movement skills. I have conducted the test on 45 firefighters at the Professional Fire Brigade Celje. The physical ability test is made up from two parts. The first part is related to the firefighter profession and can be implemented in the department of the Educational Center for Protection and Rescue Pekre in Maribor and in Ig near Ljubljana. The second part can be carried out inside every unit and is made up from six exercises that indicate the speed and endurance of a professional firefighter, upper limb muscle strength, lower limb muscle strength, torso muscle strength, agility and balance ability. Based on the collected data I defined the age groups and developed criteria based on which the result of each exercise is evaluated with a score of 1 to 5. Thus obtained average grades show us the physical preparedness of a professional firefighter. In case of the Professional Fire Brigade Celje, the physical test that resulted from this assignment has proven feasible and appropriate. The overall average score of 3.24 indicates a good physical preparedness of the tested professional firefighters, with the most pronounced deficits in testing arm strength and mobility. This thesis summarizes the current state of care for the physical preparedness of the professional firefighters and offers a proposal for planning a uniform regular testing of psychophysical abilities of professional firefighters, which would allow monitoring the individual’s condition and progress. Based on the condition check, it is possible to plan a targeted and focused exercise to maintain or improve progress.
Keywords:professional firefighter, physical preparedness, physical ability test, physical activity, motor abilities


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