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Title:Vpliv institucionalnega in dezinstitucionalnega okolja na osebo s shizofrenijo
Authors:ID Markovič, Špela (Author)
ID Čuček Trifkovič, Klavdija (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
ID Mesarec, Inge (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf VS_Markovic_Spela_2019.pdf (257,81 KB)
MD5: D321BA901C4A1C92D646D26B9C455148
PID: 20.500.12556/dkum/504e2340-69b9-4d58-9dac-d344f4392ae8
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Teoretična izhodišča: Shizofrenija je dolgotrajna psihotična motnja. Vzrok za nastanek je nepravilnost oz. motnja v delovanju možganov. Ključni dejavniki, ki vplivajo na razvoj shizofrenije, so dednost, okolje ali obporodne poškodbe. Cilj institucije, v kateri posameznik stalno ali začasno biva, je stabilizacija simptomov bolezni, preprečevanje akutnega relapsa in psihiatrične hospitalizacije ter izboljšanje socialne vključenosti in strukturnih dejavnosti. Namen diplomskega dela je bil ugotoviti vpliv institucionalnega in dezinstitucionalnega okolja na osebo s shizofrenijo in posledično ugotoviti pogostnost potrebe po pomoči strokovnjakov različnih strok. Metodologija raziskovanja: Uporabili smo deskriptivno metodologijo dela. Izvedli smo kvantitativno raziskavo, v okviru katere smo retrospektivno, za obdobje treh let, primerjali vpliv namestitve na 32 stanovalcev s paranoidnim in rezidualnim podtipom shizofrenije. 16 smo jih obravnavali v institucionalni obliki namestitve in 16 v dezinstitucionalni obliki namestitve. Raziskava temelji na obstoječi dokumentaciji stanovalcev. Le ti so bili naključno izbrani, njihovo sodelovanje je bilo prostovoljno. Rezultati: Ugotovili smo, da ima okolje, tako institucionalno kot dezinstitucionalno, na osebe s shizofrenijo pozitiven vpliv. Stanovalci so se v obe obliki bivanja, ne glede na podtip shizofrenije, uspešno socializirali in ju sprejeli. Sklep: Shizofrenija močno spremeni vsakdan oboleli osebi in njenim najbližjim. Pomembno je, da se vsi, tako obolela oseba kot svojci z boleznijo soočijo, jo sprejmejo in z njo živijo čim bolj podobno/enakovredno premorbidnemu stanju. Oboleli posameznik mora živeti v zanj primernem, umirjenem okolju, ki ima nanj in na bolezensko stanje dober, pozitiven vpliv.
Keywords:duševne bolezni, bivalno okolje, suport, prostočasne aktivnosti, psihiatrična zdravstvena nega
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[Š. Markovič]
Source:Maribor
PID:20.500.12556/DKUM-74377 New window
UDC:616.895.8(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:2523044 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:FTT8MNNG
Publication date in DKUM:01.10.2019
Views:680
Downloads:90
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:26.08.2019

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Impact of institutional and noninstitutional environmental factors on a schizophrenic person
Abstract:Introduction: Schizophrenia is a long-term psychotic disorder. The cause of beginning the disease is an irregularity of the brain functioning. The key factors that have influence on development of schizophrenia are heritability, the environment or damage, during the birth. The aim of an institution, where schizophrenic persons live, must be stabilization of symptoms, prevention of acute relapse and psychiatric hospitalizations, improving social participation and structure activities. The main purpose of work was to determine the impact of institutional and noninstitutional environmental factors on schizophrenic person and consequently find out the frequency of the need assistance from experts. Methods: In the survey we used a descriptive work methodology. In a quantitative retrospective study, we compared the effect of accommodation on 32 persons with paranoid and residual schizophrenia, for three years. 16 are treated in institutional and the other 16, in noninstitutional living environment. The survey based on an existing documentation of persons with schizophrenia. They were randomly selected and their participation was voluntary. Results: We have found that both institutional and noninstitutional environment have a positive impact on people with schizophrenia. All of them were successfully socialised and accepted their living environment. Discussion: Schizophrenia has a strong impact on a person, diagnosed with schizophrenia and on his closest family. It’s important, that all, including schizophrenic person wise up and accept the illness. They need to live through normally with it. The schizophrenic person needs a living area, that has to be appropriate and relaxed for him.
Keywords:mental illness, living environment, support, leisure activities, psychiatric nursing


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