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Title:Obravnava pacienta z akutnim koronarnim sindromom v urgentni dejavnosti
Authors:Markež, Urša (Author)
Strnad, Matej (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Fekonja, Zvonka (Co-mentor)
Files:.pdf VS_Markez_Ursa_2019.pdf (901,20 KB)
MD5: F454E20FD41883C845C6E989D879D544
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Typology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FZV - Faculty of Health Sciences
Abstract:Izhodišča: Akutni koronarni sindrom predstavlja velik izziv po celem svetu, saj predstavlja enega od vzrokov umiranja ljudi, njegovo diagnosticiranje pa je velikokrat zahtevno. Delimo ga na akutni miokardni infarkt z dvigom ST spojnice, akutni miokardni infarkt brez dviga ST spojnice, nestabilno angino pektoris in nenadni srčni zastoj. Metode: Pri pisanju teoretičnega dela smo uporabili deskriptivno metodo dela, prav tako pri izvedbi raziskave, kjer smo uporabili tudi kvantitativno metodologijo. V tem drugem delu smo opravili retrospektivno raziskavo, kjer smo pregledali ambulantne kartone pacientov, obravnavanih v izbrani urgentni ambulanti v zadnjih 5 letih. Rezultati: Zabeležili smo 678 pacientov, obravnavanih v urgentni ambulanti, več je bilo moških (58,6 %) in velika večina je bila starejših pacientov. Največ pacientov je z iskanjem pomoči odlašalo nekaj dni. Najpogostejša diagnoza je bil akutni miokardni infarkt brez dviga ST spojnice (26,1 %). Kot najpogostejša simptoma sta se pojavila bolečina v prsnem košu in težko dihanje. Večini pacientom ni bila dodeljena ustrezna triažna kategorija, temveč so bili uvrščeni v nižje kategorije. Večina pacientov je bila napotena v nadaljnjo bolnišnično obravnavo (97,3 %). Diskusija: Z raziskavo smo prikazali obravnavo pacienta z akutnim koronarnim sindromom v urgentni dejavnosti, s katero smo želeli zdravstvenim delavcem omogočiti celosten vpogled v obravnavo teh pacientov. Zaradi vse več pridruženih bolezni, prisotnih dejavnikov tveganja in posledičnega nastanka neznačilnih simptomov je pomembno, da se zdravstveni delavci nenehno izobražujejo, da bodo pacientom lahko nudili pravočasno in kakovostno obravnavo.
Keywords:akutni miokardni infarkt, nestabilna angina pektoris, srčni zastoj, zdravstvena oskrba, urgentna dejavnost, medicinska sestra, triaža
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[U. Markež]
Source:Maribor
UDC:616.132.2:616-083.98(043.2)
COBISS_ID:2525604 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:VYWTMNQE
Views:640
Downloads:214
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:FZV
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:22.08.2019

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Treatment of a patient with acute coronary syndrome in the emergency department
Abstract:Introduction: Acute coronary syndrome represents a major challenge worldwide, it is also one of the causes of mortality and its diagnosis is often challenging. We can divide it in a ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction, non-ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction, an unstable angina pectoris and cardiac arrest. Methods: We used the descriptive method in the theoretical part, also in the research, beside the quantitative methodology. In this second part we have done a retrospective study where we examined the treated patients in the selected emergency department in the last 5 years. Results: We have reported 678 patients treated there, there were more men (58,6 %) than women, also the majority were older patients. The majority of patients delayed with seeking for help with few days. The most common diagnosis at the emergency department was non-ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (26,1 %). The most common symptoms were chest pain and heavy breathing. Most patients were not assigned the appropriate triage category, but were ranked in lower categories. Most patients (97,3 %) were sent for further treatment and hospitalization. Discussion: The study has shown the treatment of a patient with acute coronary syndrome at the emergency department, with purpose to provide the overview of the treatment of these patients to the medical staff. Due to the increasing number of associated diseases, present risk factors and the resulting atypical symptoms, it is important that medical staff continuously educate themselves in order to provide the quality treatment on time.
Keywords:acute myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, medical care, emergency department, triage


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