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Title:Staranje prebivalstva in programi za omejitev rasti zdravstvenih izdatkov povezanih s staranjem v izbranih državah
Authors:Unuk, Ines (Author)
Markovič Hribernik, Tanja (Mentor) More about this mentor... New window
Files:.pdf MAG_Unuk_Ines_2019.pdf (1,58 MB)
MD5: D1351328FA6A0EACBED6753B828A18B8
 
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Typology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:EPF - Faculty of Business and Economics
Abstract:Struktura prebivalstva se je in se še bo v EU močno spremenila, zaradi zmanjševanja rodnosti, podaljševanja pričakovane življenske dobe in migracij. Sprememba strukture prebivalstva bo vplivala na svetovno gospodarstvo, največji vpliv pa bo staranje prebivalstva imelo na pokojnine, izdatke za zdravstvo in dolgotrajno oskrbo. Svetovna politika se bo morala v naslednjih desetletjih soočiti s gospodarskimi, proračunskimi in družbenimi izzivi. Skoraj vse države EU so že prepoznale potrebo po reševanju vpliva staranja na javne finance in socialne modele. V magistrski nalogi smo se osredotočili na vpliv staranja prebivalstva na izdatke za zdravstvo. V večini držav OECD je poraba za zdravje že prehitela gospodarsko rast. Številne projekcije kažejo da se bo poraba za zdravje še naprej srednjeročno in dolgoročno povečevala, kar pa lahko povzroči izzive fiskalne vzdržnosti nekaterih držav. Na povečevanje izdatkov za zdravstvo vplivajo nove tehnologije, demografske spremembe in institucionalne značilnosti zdravstvenih sistemov. Demografske spremembe zlasti staranje prebivalstva je pomemben dejavnik povečevanja izdatkov za zdravstvo. Starejša populacija potrebuje več zdravstvene oskrbe kot populacija v srednjih letih življenja. V magistrski nalogi smo si izbrali štiri države (Dansko, Italijo, Nizozemsko in Anglijo) za raziskavo programov ki jih države izvajajo za zmanjševanje zdravstvenih stroškov staranja. Večina programov je osnovana na osnovi preventive, saj mnoge raziskave potrjujejo da se prav s preventivo da izboljšati način življenja do takšne mere, da smo v poznejših letih bolj vitalni in lahko brez pomoči, dlje časa skrbimo sami zase. Nekaj programov je usmerjenih v mentalno zdravje starejših ljudi, v teh programih starejšim pomagajo da se vključijo v skupnost, da se ne počutijo osamljene. Za izboljšanje kakovosti zdravstvene oskrbe starejših ljudi, in posledično zniževanje stroškov zdravljenja, so nekatere države investirale v programe, v katerih se je razvijala nova tehnologija za oskrbo starejših ljudi. S pomočjo nove tehnologije, ki se osredotoča predvsem na elektronsko komunikacijo, je mogoče paciente spremljati neposredno od doma. Kar pa omogoča prihranke pri številnih zdravstvenih storitvah kot je zmanjšanje števila ur v bolnišnični postelji, zmanjšanje obiskov pri fizioterapevtih in delovnih terapevtih. Prav tako pa se je zmanjšal obisk v družinskih in specialističnih ambulant. V magistrski nalogi smo ugotovili da je večina programov za zmanjševanje zdravstvenih stroškov staranja prebivalstva, res usmerjena v preventivo, saj lahko danes naredimo največ za naše zdravje v poznejših letih.
Keywords:izdatki za zdravstvo, staranje prebivalstva, programi za omejitev stroškov staranja, zdravstveno varstvo.
Year of publishing:2019
Publisher:[I. Unuk]
Source:Maribor
UDC:336.5
COBISS_ID:13472540 New window
NUK URN:URN:SI:UM:DK:QKBPZLGB
Views:395
Downloads:74
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
Categories:EPF
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Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:22.08.2019

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Population aging and programs for health expenditures growth limitation related to aging in selected countries
Abstract:Fertility reduction, life expectancy prolonging as well as migrations have led to greatly changed population structure in EU, and for which is suggested to change even more, due to mentioned factors. Population structure change further impact on economic, whereas biggest impact of population aging will be significant on pensions, health expenditure as well as on long-term care. Thereby politicians will be in the next few decades at the threshold of economically, budgetary as well as of social challenges. Almost all EU countries have already recognized the need of solving aging impact on public finances and social models. In this master thesis we focus on population aging impact on health expenditure. In most of OECD countries health spending already fastened the economic growth and numerous projections suggests on medium- and long-term health spending increase, which can lead to fiscal sustainability challenges of certain countries. New technologies, demographic changes and institutional features of health systems have major impact on health spending increase, whereas demographic changes, namely population aging represent a key factor in increasing health expenditure, as older population need more health care compared to middle-aged population. For the study within the master thesis, we selected four countries (Denmark, Italy, The Netherlands and England), for which we studied and compared their programs for health spending reduction. Most of the programs are based on a prevention, as many studies shown on preventive to improve lifestyle to the extent of better vitality in later year, which results in the ability to take care of ourselves. Some programs are focused on older people's mental health, where programs try to include people in a community, to prevent loneliness. On the other hand certain countries invest more on development of new, modern technologies, which are based on electronic communications, through which patients can be monitor directly from their homes, by which the quality of older people health care can be drastically improved and by which health expenditure can be consequently reduced. Focusing on using new technologies can as well saves money by numerous health services, namely lowering numbers of hours in hospital beds, lowering number of physiotherapist and working therapist visits and moreover family and specialist clinics visits. Based on analyzes within the master thesis, we found that most of the programs are really focused
Keywords:health expenditure, population aging, programs for aging costs limitation, health care


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